Blanco-Metzler A.,Instituto Costarricense Of Investigacion Y Ensenanza En Nutricion Salud Inciensa |
De Los Angeles Montero-Campos M.,Instituto Costarricense Of Investigacion Y Ensenanza En Nutricion Salud Inciensa |
Nunez-Rivas H.,Instituto Costarricense Of Investigacion Y Ensenanza En Nutricion Salud Inciensa |
Gamboa-Cerda C.,Ministerio de Salud |
Sanchez G.,Instituto Costarricense Of Investigacion Y Ensenanza En Nutricion Salud Inciensa
Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2012
This article describes the progress-as well as the challenges and limitations-in reducing salt intake in Costa Rica. The National Plan to Reduce Public Consumption of Salt/Sodium in Costa Rica 2011-2021 was complemented with multisectoral programs and projects specifically designed to: 1) determine sodium intake and the salt/sodium content of the most widely consumed foods; identify the consumer knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors with regard to salt/sodium, their relationship to health, and nutritional labeling; evaluate the cost-effectiveness of measures aimed at reducing the incidence of hypertension; 2) implement strategies to reduce the salt/sodium content of processed foods and foods prepared at home; 3) promote behavioral changes in the population to reduce salt in people's diets; and 4) monitor and evaluate action geared to reducing salt/sodium intake in the population. Meeting the proposed targets will require successful interinstitutional coordination among the strategic actors, the negotiation of commitments with the food industry and food services, and tighter regulation of critical nutrients in foods associated with chronic noncommunicable diseases. Given the progress made during the implementation of the National Plan, Costa Rica is expected to meet the international goal of reducing salt intake. © 2013 Organización Panamericana de la Salud.