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de Borba L.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz PR
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe disease, transmitted to humans by inhalation of virus-contaminated aerosols from rodent excreta. Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data confirmed a fatal HPS case and an asymptomatic infection in a household contact, both caused by Araucaria hantavirus, which has previously been found only in patients with HPS. This is the first report of asymptomatic infection related to a pathogenic hantavirus genotype, highlighting the need for additional studies on characterisation of viral and genetic mechanisms associated with this disease.


Kondo M.Y.,University of Sao Paulo | Oliveira L.C.G.,University of Sao Paulo | Okamoto D.N.,University of Sao Paulo | de Araujo M.R.T.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz PR | And 4 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2011

Here we report the hydrolytic behavior of recombinant YFV NS2B/NS3 protease against FRET substrates mimicking the prime and non-prime region of the natural polyprotein cleavage sites. While the P2-P'1 motif is the main factor associated with the catalytic efficiency of Dengue (DV) and West Nile Virus (WNV) protease, we show that the k cat/K m of YFV NS2B/NS3 varied by more than two orders of magnitude, despite the presence of the same motif in all natural substrates. The catalytic significance of this homogeneity - a unique feature among worldwide prominent flavivirus - was kinetically analyzed using FRET peptides containing all possible combinations of two and three basic amino acids in tandem, and Arg and Lys residues produced distinct effects on k cat/K m. The parallel of our data with those obtained in vivo by Chambers et al. (1991) restrains the idea that these sites co-evolved with the NS2B/NS3 protease to promote highly efficient hydrolysis and supports the notion that secondary substrate interaction distant from cleavage sites are the main factor associated with the different hydrolytic rates on YFV NS2B-NS3pro natural substrates. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


De Borba L.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz PR | Delfraro A.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Dos Santos C.N.D.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz PR
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2013

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe disease, transmitted to humans by inhalation of virus-contaminated aerosols from rodent excreta. Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data confirmed a fatal HPS case and an asymptomatic infection in a household contact, both caused by Araucaria hantavirus, which has previously been found only in patients with HPS. This is the first report of asymptomatic infection related to a pathogenic hantavirus genotype, highlighting the need for additional studies on characterisation of viral and genetic mechanisms associated with this disease.


Yamanaka C.N.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Giordani R.B.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Rezende Jr. C.O.,Federal University of Juiz de fora | Eger I.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz PR | And 7 more authors.
Chemical Biology and Drug Design | Year: 2013

Leishmanicidal and trypanocidal activity of seventeen lipophilic diamines was evaluated in vitro against Leishmania braziliensis, L. chagasi, and Trypanosoma cruzi. Twelve compounds presented anti-Leishmania and six showed anti-T. cruzi amastigote activity. Compound 14 (N-tetradecyl-1,4-butanediamine) was the most active against both L. braziliensis (IC50 = 2.6 μm) and L. chagasi (IC50 = 3.0 μm) which showed a selectivity index (SI) >100. N-decyl-1,6-hexanediamine (compound 9) presented an IC 50 = 1.6 μm and SI >187 and was over six times more potent than the reference drug benznidazole against T. cruzi. Treatment of infected or uninfected macrophages with compounds 9 and 14 did not induce significant TNFα and NO production. Four compounds (15, 16, 22, and 23) inhibited 78.9%, 77.7%, 83.7%, and 70.1% of rTRLb activity, respectively, and compound 23 inhibited 73.3% of rTRTc activity at 100 μm. A concentration-dependent effect on mitochondrial membrane depolarization was observed in T. cruzi epimastigotes treated with compound 9, suggesting this mechanism may be involved in the trypanocidal effect. On the contrary, in L. braziliensis promastigotes treated with compound 14, no mitochondrial depolarization was observed. Our results demonstrate that N-decyl-1,6-hexanediamine and N-tetradecyl-1,4-butanediamine are promising molecules for the development of novel leading compounds against T. cruzi and Leishmania spp., particularly given a possible alternative mechanism of action. Two novel lipophilic diamines with potent and selective leishmanicidal and trypanocidal activity are described. N-tetradecyl-1,4- butanediamine killed intracellular forms of Leishmania braziliensis and Leishmania chagasi in low micromolar concentrations. N-decyl-1,6-hexanediamine was six times more effective than the reference drug Benznidazole against T. cruzi amastigotes. These compounds are promising lead molecules for the development of new drugs against protozoan diseases. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


Batista C.M.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz PR | Kessler R.L.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz PR | Eger I.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz PR | Eger I.,State University of Ponta Grossa | Soares M.J.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz PR
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Epimastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi (the etiologic agent of Chagas disease) internalize and store extracellular macromolecules in lysosome-related organelles (LROs) called reservosomes, which are positive for the cysteine protease cruzipain. Despite the importance of endocytosis for cell proliferation, macromolecule internalization remains poorly understood in the most clinically relevant proliferative form, the intracellular amastigotes found in mammalian hosts. The main obstacle was the lack of a simple method to isolate viable intracellular amastigotes from host cells. In this work we describe the fast and efficient isolation of viable intracellular amastigotes by nitrogen decompression (cavitation), which allowed the analysis of amastigote endocytosis, with direct visualization of internalized cargo inside the cells. The method routinely yielded 5x107 amastigotes - with typical shape and positive for the amastigote marker Ssp4 - from 5x106 infected Vero cells (48h post-infection). We could visualize the endocytosis of fluorescently-labeled transferrin and albumin by isolated intracellular amastigotes using immunofluorescence microscopy; however, only transferrin endocytosis was detected by flow cytometry (and was also analyzed by western blotting), suggesting that amastigotes internalized relatively low levels of albumin. Transferrin binding to the surface of amastigotes (at 4°C) and its uptake (at 37°C) were confirmed by binding dissociation assays using acetic acid. Importantly, both transferrin and albumin colocalized with cruzipain in amastigote LROs. Our data show that isolated T. cruzi intracellular amastigotes actively ingest macromolecules from the environment and store them in cruzipain-positive LROs functionally related to epimastigote reservosomes. © 2015 Batista et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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