Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz

Curitiba, Brazil

Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz

Curitiba, Brazil
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Pincerati M.R.,Federal University of Paraná | Dalla-Costa R.,Federal University of Paraná | Pavoni D.P.,Federal University of Paraná | Pavoni D.P.,Instituto Carlos Chagas FIOCRUZ | Petzl-Erler M.L.,Federal University of Paraná
International Journal of Immunogenetics | Year: 2010

CD28 and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) are two receptors that have complementary functions in control of T-cell activation. Polymorphisms of their genes, CD28 and CTLA4, might confer differential susceptibility to diseases resulting from unbalanced or inefficient immune responses. Thus far, little is known about the CD28 polymorphism in populations and even for CTLA4 just one or two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are usually analysed. To assess the allelic and haplotypic diversity and linkage disequilibrium in the Brazilian population, two samples differing according to predominant ancestry - African or European - have been analysed for seven SNPs, CD28 -372(G>A), and int3 17(T>C); CTLA4 -1722(T>C), -1577(G>A) -318(C>T), 49(A>G), 6230(G>A) also named CT60, and three microsatellites, CD28 (CAA)n, CTLA4 (AT)n and D2S72 (CA)n. The two population strata show little differentiation, the only significant differences being the allele frequencies of the CTLA4 -1577(G>A) SNP and the CTLA4 (AT)n microsatellite (P = 0.018 and P = 0.007, respectively). Linkage disequilibrium is high, especially between the CTLA4 polymorphisms. However, low r 2 values indicate that none of the markers is a tag SNP in these populations. These results provide valuable information for optimal selection of markers for use in future association studies. We conclude that disease association studies and functional studies addressing the possible consequences of polymorphisms of the 2q33 genomic region should consider haplotypic data besides analysis of individual polymorphisms. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Reifur L.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Reifur L.,Federal University of Paraná | Garcia-Silva M.R.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Poubel S.B.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | And 6 more authors.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2012

Small non-coding RNAs derived from transfer RNAs have been identified as a broadly conserved prokaryotic and eukaryotic response to stress. Their presence coincides with changes in developmental state associated with gene expression regulation. In the epimastigote form of Trypanosoma cruzi, tRNA fragments localize to posterior cytoplasmic granules. In the infective metacyclic form of the parasite, we found tRNA-derived fragments to be abundant and evenly distributed within the cytoplasm. The fragments were not associated with polysomes, suggesting that the tRNA-derived fragments may not be directly involved in translation control in metacyclics.

Melo F.T.V.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Celular | Giese E.G.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Celular | Furtado A.P.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Celular | Soares M.J.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | And 3 more authors.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2011

The family Nematotaeniidae, tapeworms commonly found in the small intestines of amphibians and reptiles, includes 27 recognised species distributed among four genera: Bitegmen Jones, Cylindrotaenia Jewell, Distoichometra Dickey and Nematotaenia Lühe. The taxonomy of these cestodes is poorly defined, due in part to the difficulties of observing many anatomical traits. This study presents and describes a new genus and species of nematotaeniid parasite found in cane toads (Rhinella marina) from eastern Brazilian Amazonia. The cestodes were collected during the necropsy of 20 hosts captured in the urban area of Belém, Pará. The specimens were fixed and processed for light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction. Samples were also collected for molecular analyses. The specimens presented a cylindrical body, two testes and paruterine organs. However, they could not be allocated to any of the four existing nematotaeniid genera due to the presence of two each of dorsal compact medullary testes, cirri, cirrus pouches, genital pores, ovaries and vitelline glands per mature segment. Lanfrediella amphicirrus gen. nov. sp. nov. is the first nematotaeniid studied using Historesin analysis, SEM and 3D reconstruction, and it is the Second taxon for which molecular data have been deposited in GenBank.

Mosimann A.L.P.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Bordignon J.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Mazzarotto G.C.A.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Motta M.C.M.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | And 2 more authors.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2011

Brevidensoviruses have an encapsidated, single-stranded DNA genome that predominantly has a negative polarity. In recent years, they have received particular attention due to their potential role in the biological control of pathogenic arboviruses and to their unnoticed presence in cell cultures as contaminants. In addition, brevidensoviruses may also be useful as viral vectors. This study describes the first genetic and biological characterization of a mosquito densovirus that was isolated in Brazil; moreover, we examined the phylogenetic relationship between this isolate and the other brevidensoviruses. We further demonstrate that this densovirus has the potential to be used to biologically control dengue virus (DENV) infection with in vitro co-infection experiments. The present study provides evidence that this densovirus isolate is a fast-spreading virus that affects cell growth and DENV infection.

Eger I.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Eger I.,Vale do Itajai University | Soares M.J.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz
Journal of Microbiological Methods | Year: 2012

Here we describe the visualization by confocal microscopy of ingested gold (15. nm)-labeled transferrin in epimastigote forms of the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. Intracellular gold labeling was evident at two sites, which represent the bottom of the cytopharynx and the reservosomes. The gold tracer was best observed by confocal microscopy by using the 633. nm excitation wavelength. Intracellular gold clusters larger than 60. nm could be visualized by either gold reflection (light scattering) or photoluminescence modes. The gold reflection mode, the gold photoluminescence mode and the anti-transferrin immunofluorescence image of gold-labeled transferrin showed co-localization, thus demonstrating that the gold visualization modes did not represent artifacts or mislocalization of the biomarker. Visualization of protein-gold nanoparticle complexes by confocal microscopy thus emerges as a promising imaging tool to explore the endocytic pathway in trypanosomes and other cell types, as well as to perform immunolocalization studies using gold-labeled secondary antibodies. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Batista C.M.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Medeiros L.C.S.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Eger I.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Soares M.J.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz
BioMed Research International | Year: 2014

Reservosomes are large round vesicles located at the posterior end of epimastigote forms of the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease. They are the specific end organelles of the endocytosis pathway of T. cruzi, and they play key roles in nutrient uptake and cell differentiation. These lysosome-like organelles accumulate ingested macromolecules and contain large amounts of a major cysteine proteinase (cruzipain or GP57/51 protein). Aim of this study was to produce a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against a recombinant T. cruzi cruzipain (TcCruzipain) that specifically labels the reservosomes. BALB/c mice were immunized with purified recombinant TcCruzipain to obtain the mAb. After fusion of isolated splenocytes with myeloma cells and screening, a mAb was obtained by limiting dilution and characterized by capture ELISA. We report here the production of a kappa-positive monoclonal IgG antibody (mAb CZP-315.D9) that recognizes recombinant TcCruzipain. This mAb binds preferentially to a protein with a molecular weight of about 50 kDa on western blots and specifically labels reservosomes by immunofluorescence and transmission electron microscopy. The monoclonal CZP-315.D9 constitutes a potentially powerful marker for use in studies on the function of reservosomes of T. cruzi. © 2014 Cassiano Martin Batista et al.

Cardoso J.,Instituto Carlos Chagas FIOCRUZ | de Paula Lima C.,Instituto Carlos Chagas FIOCRUZ | Leal T.,Federal University of Ouro Preto | Gradia D.F.,Instituto Carlos Chagas FIOCRUZ | And 4 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Proteasomes are large protein complexes, whose main function is to degrade unnecessary or damaged proteins. The inhibition of proteasome activity in Trypanosoma cruzi blocks parasite replication and cellular differentiation. We demonstrate that proteasome-dependent proteolysis occurs during the cellular differentiation of T. cruzi from replicative non-infectious epimastigotes to non-replicative and infectious trypomastigotes (metacyclogenesis). No peaks of ubiquitin-mediated degradation were observed and the profile of ubiquitinated conjugates was similar at all stages of differentiation. However, an analysis of carbonylated proteins showed significant variation in oxidized protein levels at the various stages of differentiation and the proteasome inhibition also increased oxidized protein levels. Our data suggest that different proteasome complexes coexist during metacyclogenesis. The 20S proteasome may be free or linked to regulatory particles (PA700, PA26 and PA200), at specific cell sites and the coordinated action of these complexes would make it possible for proteolysis of ubiquitin-tagged proteins and oxidized proteins, to coexist in the cell. © 2011 Cardoso et al.

Kalb Souza L.C.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Goncalves Pinho R.E.G.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | de Paula Lima C.V.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Perdigao Fragoso S.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Jose Soares M.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2013

Heteroxenic and monoxenic trypanosomatids were screened for the presence of actin using a mouse polyclonal antibody produced against the entire sequence of the Trypanosoma cruzi actin gene, encoding a 41.9 kDa protein. Western blot analysis showed that this antibody reacted with a polypeptide of approximately 42 kDa in the whole-cell lysates of parasites targeting mammals (T. cruzi, Trypanosoma brucei and Leishmania major), insects (Angomonas deanei, Crithidia fasciculata, Herpetomonas samuelpessoai and Strigomonas culicis) and plants (Phytomonas serpens). A single polypeptide of approximately 42 kDa was detected in the whole-cell lysates of T. cruzi cultured epimastigotes, metacyclic trypomastigotes and amastigotes at similar protein expression levels. Confocal microscopy showed that actin was expressed throughout the cytoplasm of all the tested trypanosomatids. These data demonstrate that actin expression is widespread in trypanosomatids.

Cardoso J.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Soares M.J.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2010

Citral, the main constituent of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil, was added to Trypanosoma cruzi cultures grown in TAU3AAG medium to observe the effect on the epimastigote-to-trypomastigote differentiation process (metacyclogenesis). Our results showed that citral (20 μg/mL) did not affect epimastigote viability or inhibit the differentiation process. Concentrations higher than 60 μg/mL, however, led to 100% cell death (both epimastigote and trypomastigote forms). Although epimastigotes incubated with 30 μg/mL citral were viable and able to adhere to the substrate, we observed around 50% inhibition in metacyclogenesis, with a calculated concentration that inhibited metacyclogenesis by 50% after 24 h (IC50/24 h) of about 31 μg/mL. Treatment with 30 μg/mL citral did not hinder epimastigote multiplication because epimastigote growth resumed when treated cells were transferred to a drugfree liver infusion tryptose culture medium. Metacyclogenesis was almost totally abolished at 40 μg/mL after 24 h of incubation. Furthermore, the metacyclic trypomastigotes obtained in vitro were similarly susceptible to citral, with an IC50/24 h, concentration that killed 50% of the cells after 24 h, of about 24.5 μg/mL. Therefore, citral appears to be a good candidate as an inhibitory drug for further studies analyzing the T. cruzi metacyclogenesis process.

Schmidt J.C.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Schmidt J.C.,Chapecó Region Community University | Soares M.J.,Instituto Carlos Chagas Fiocruz | Goldenberg S.,Institute Biologia Molecular do Parana | And 4 more authors.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2011

The life cycle of the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi exposes it to several environmental stresses in its invertebrate and vertebrate hosts. Stress conditions are involved in parasite differentiation, but little is known about the stress response proteins involved. We report here the first characterization of stress-induced protein-1 (STI-1) in T. cruzi (TcSTI-1). This co-chaperone is produced in response to stress and mediates the formation of a complex between the stress proteins HSP70 and HSP90 in other organisms. Despite the similarity of TcSTI-1 to STI-1 proteins in other organisms, its expression profile in response to various stress conditions, such as heat shock, acidic pH or nutrient starvation, is quite different. Neither polysomal mRNA nor protein levels changed in exponentially growing epimastigotes cultured under any of the stress conditions studied. Increased levels of TcSTI-1 were observed in epimastigotes subjected to nutritional stress in the late growth phase. Co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed an association between TcSTI-1 and TcHSP70 in T. cruzi epimastigotes. Immunolocalization demonstrated that TcSTI-1 was distributed throughout the cytoplasm and there was some colocalization of TcSTI-1 and TcHSP70 around the nucleus. Thus, TcSTI-1 associates with TcHSP70 and TcSTI-1 expression is induced when the parasites are subjected to stress conditions during specific growth phase.

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