Castro Fleury E.F.,Ibcc Instituto Brasileiro Of Controle Do Cancer |
Rego M.M.,Ibcc Instituto Brasileiro Of Controle Do Cancer |
Ramalho L.C.,Ibcc Instituto Brasileiro Of Controle Do Cancer |
Ayres V.J.,Ibcc Instituto Brasileiro Of Controle Do Cancer |
And 3 more authors.
Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy | Year: 2017
Primary breast lymphoma is a rare disease and accounts for 0.5% of cases of breast cancer. Most primary breast lymphomas develop from B cells, and the involvement of T cells is rare. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a recently discovered T-cell lymphoma associated with breast implants. Only a few cases have been reported to date. It is believed that the incidence of ALCL is increasing because of the increasing number of breast implants. The clinical presentation is variable and can manifest as a palpable mass in the breast or armpit, breast pain, or capsular contracture. Because of the rarity of the disease and the lack of knowledge to date, clinical diagnosis is often delayed, with consequent delays in treatment. The cause and pathogenesis have not been fully elucidated, and there are no evidence-based guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, or follow-up of this disease. We present a review of cases of patients with silicone breast implants, including ALCL, a rare type of breast cancer that is still under study, and silicone-induced granuloma of breast implant capsule and its differential diagnosis, and discuss if a silicone-induced granuloma of breast implant capsule could be the precursor of the disease. © 2017 Fleury et al.