Hernandez-Hernandez L.,University of Salamanca |
Hernandez-Hernandez L.,Ibsal Instituto Biosanitario Of Salamanca |
Sanz C.,University of Salamanca |
Sanz C.,Ibsal Instituto Biosanitario Of Salamanca |
And 12 more authors.
Allergologia et Immunopathologia | Year: 2012
Tryptase is one of the main proteases located in the secretory granules of the mast cells, and is released through degranulation. It is therefore assumed to play an important role in inflammatory and allergic processes. Four genes are known to encode for these enzymes, with different alleles that give rise to different types of tryptases. The term "tryptase" generally refers to β-tryptase, which in vivo is a heterotetramer, possessing a structure of vital importance for enabling drug and substrate access to the active site of the molecule. Tryptase has been reported to possess antagonistic functions, since it plays an important role both in inflammatory phenomena and as a protector against infection. In allergic processes it is associated to bronchial hyperresponsiveness in asthmatic patients, where PAR-2 is of great importance as an airway receptor. Lastly, the genes that encode for tryptase are highly polymorphic and complex. As a result, it is important to establish a relationship between genotype and phenotype in disorders such as asthma, and to identify mutations that are presumably of pharmacological relevance. © 2012 SEICAP.