Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac

Campinas, Brazil

Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac

Campinas, Brazil
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Mellis E.V.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac | Casagrande J.C.,Federal University of São Carlos | Soares M.R.,Federal University of São Carlos
Ciencia e Agrotecnologia | Year: 2017

Although nickel (Ni) has both important potential benefits and toxic effects in the environment, its behavior in tropical soils has not been well studied. Nickel adsorption-desorption in topsoil and subsoil samples of an acric Oxisol was studied at three pH values (from 3.0 to 8.0). Adsorption-desorption isotherms were elaborated from experiments with increasing Ni concentration (5 to 100 mg L-1), during 0, 4, and 12 weeks, using CaCl2 0.01 and 0.1 M as electrolytic support in order to also verify the effect of Ni-soil time contact and of ionic strength on the reaction. Experimental results of Ni adsorption fitted Langmuir model, which indicated that maximum Ni adsorption (71,440 mg kg-1) occurred at subsoil, after 12 weeks. Nickel affinity (KL) was also greater at subsoil (1.0 L kg-1). The Ni adsorption in the topsoil samples was higher, due to its lower point of zero salt effect (PZSE) and higher organic matter content. The increase in soil pH resulted in the increase of Ni adsorption. Nickel desorbed less from soil samples incubated for 4 or 12 weeks, suggesting that Ni interactions with colloidal particles increase over time. The amount of Ni desorbed increased with increasing ionic strength in both the topsoil and subsoil soil samples. Finally, adsorptiondesorption hysteresis was clearly observed. Soil pH, ionic strength of soil solution and the Ni-soil contact time should be considered as criteria for selecting the areas for disposal of residues containing Ni or to compose remediation strategies for acric soils contaminated with Ni. © 2017 Federal University of Lavras. All rights reserved.


Bernacci L.C.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac | De Siqueira M.F.,Institute Pesquisas Do Jardim Botanico Do Rio Of Janeiro Jbrj | Rocha F.S.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro
Natureza a Conservacao | Year: 2012

Biological collections evoke contrasting feelings for being such a vast source of biodiversity data which is prone to all sorts of errors and uncertainties. The situation is not different for Brazilian herbaria, currently sharing more than two million easily accessible records on the Web. Properly dealing with this reality is a crucial task when using this kind of data for ecological niche modelling (ENM), so that errors and uncertainties do not generate misleading results in conservation. Here we investigate some of the issues that can be found in herbarium specimen data, describing a set of automatic procedures that can be used for a prior selection of records for ENM. In total, 11531 records for 135 species of Passifloraceae that natively occur in Brazil were analyzed considering different spatial resolutions, ranging from 30 arc-seconds to 10 arc-minutes. After applying the procedures, the proportion of spatially unique records was 9.3% for the highest resolution considering all species, with an average number of 8 records selected per species. These numbers increased to 17% and 16, respectively, for all other resolutions. This scenario highlights the importance of using data quality filters and further developing ENM presence-only methods that can work with a low number of records per species. Automatic procedures still cannot discard expert review, but they can greatly facilitate it by drawing attention to a much smaller number of records potentially useful for ENM. Most of the data quality procedures described here can also be applied to other taxonomic groups, regions and specimen data sources. © 2012 ABECO.


Mantello C.C.,City University of Sao Paulo | Cardoso-Silva C.B.,City University of Sao Paulo | Da Silva C.C.,City University of Sao Paulo | De Souza L.M.,City University of Sao Paulo | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. Ex Adr. Juss.) Muell.-Arg. is the primary source of natural rubber that is native to the Amazon rainforest. The singular properties of natural rubber make it superior to and competitive with synthetic rubber for use in several applications. Here, we performed RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of H. brasiliensis bark on the Illumina GAIIx platform, which generated 179,326,804 raw reads on the Illumina GAIIx platform. A total of 50,384 contigs that were over 400 bp in size were obtained and subjected to further analyses. A similarity search against the non-redundant (nr) protein database returned 32,018 (63%) positive BLASTx hits. The transcriptome analysis was annotated using the clusters of orthologous groups (COG), gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and Pfam databases. A search for putative molecular marker was performed to identify simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In total, 17,927 SSRs and 404,114 SNPs were detected. Finally, we selected sequences that were identified as belonging to the mevalonate (MVA) and 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathways, which are involved in rubber biosynthesis, to validate the SNP markers. A total of 78 SNPs were validated in 36 genotypes of H. brasiliensis. This new dataset represents a powerful information source for rubber tree bark genes and will be an important tool for the development of microsatellites and SNP markers for use in future genetic analyses such as genetic linkage mapping, quantitative trait loci identification, investigations of linkage disequilibrium and marker-assisted selection. © 2014 Mantello et al.


do Valle G.E.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac | Lourencao A.L.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac | Pinheiro J.B.,University of Sao Paulo
Journal of Pest Science | Year: 2012

Bemisia tabaci consists of a complex of morphologically indistinct biotypes, varying with respect to their host ranges and ability to transmit plant viruses. Biotype "B" has increased in importance at every growing season in soybean crops in Brazil. The objective was to evaluate B. tabaci biotype B infestations in 24 soybean genotypes, including cultivars of expression for planting and the main sources of insect resistance. The study was performed in a greenhouse with evaluations for adult attractiveness and oviposition preference (free-choice test); these parameters were correlated with trichome density. Three evaluations were carried out, and counts were obtained for number of adults, eggs, and trichomes on the abaxial surface of the leaves. The experimental design consisted of randomized blocks (192 plots). In all three evaluations, "Coodetec 215" was the most attractive to adults; the least attractive cultivars were "IAC 18" (first); PI 274453, "IAC 18," and D 75-10169 (second); and "IAC 24" (third). As to oviposition preference, "Coodetec 215" showed the highest mean in all evaluations; the lowest means corresponded to "IAC 18" (1st); PI 274453 (2nd); and PI 274453 and L1-1-01 (3rd). No significant correlation was observed between trichome density and oviposition preference and adult attractiveness. Considering all parameters and focusing on commercial germplasm, "IAC 24," as well as "BRS Barreiras," "IAC 18," "IAC 17," and "IAC 19" can be indicated for planting in regions and/or seasons where B. tabaci biotype B is a problem for soybean production or even in properties where other crops affected by this whitefly are grown simultaneously with soybean or after this legume is grown. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.


Silva M.A.,Polo Centro Oeste | Goncalves P.S.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac
Ciencia Rural | Year: 2011

Sugarcane species are allogamous, i.e. selfing is expected to reduce plant vigor. This study was undertaken to obtain and evaluate first-generation inbred lines that may be used for further crosses and determine the extent of inbreeding depression in sugarcane. In this research, 26 parental varieties were self-pollinated to obtain about 19,000 seedlings. Results showed that it is possible to segregate different traits in a given variety and find lines with promising outcome for all assessed characteristics. The soluble solids segregation observed in low and even high-Brix varieties increases the possibility of quick improvement in this trait. Self-pollination did not produce a general loss in yield traits such as soluble solids, stalk number and stalk diameter in any of the 26 varieties, but both stalk height and stalk weight showed strong inbreeding depression. Selfing-derived clones can be used to produce hybrid vigor in crossings.


Joris H.A.W.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac | Caires E.F.,State University of Ponta Grossa | Bini A.R.,State University of Ponta Grossa | Scharr D.A.,State University of Ponta Grossa | Haliski A.,State University of Ponta Grossa
Plant and Soil | Year: 2013

Background and Aims: Field studies have demonstrated that aluminum (Al) toxicity is low in no-till systems during cropping seasons that have adequate and well-distributed rainfall. This study evaluated the performance of corn (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) on an acid loamy soil under a long-term no-till system, in response to surface liming and as affected by genotypic tolerance to Al and water stress. Methods: A field trial examined the effect of surface application of lime (0, 4, 8, and 12 Mg ha-1) on no-till corn and soybean nutrition and yield. Trials were also carried out in undisturbed soil columns taken from the unlimed and limed plots. Two hybrids/cultivars of corn and soybean, one sensitive and the other moderately sensitive to Al were grown at two soil moisture levels with and without water stress (50 % and 80 % water filled pore space). Results: Alleviating soil acidity by liming improved nutrition and increased grain yields of corn and soybean. The benefits of liming on root length density, nutrient uptake and shoot biomass production of corn and soybean were more pronounced in Al-sensitive genotypes under water stress. Conclusions: The results suggest that plants exposed to drought stress under no-till systems are more affected by Al toxicity. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Pierozzi N.I.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura | Year: 2011

Chromosome studies were performed in V. champinii, V. cinerea, V. girdiana, V. labrusca, V. rotundifolia, V. rupestris and V. vinifera with the purpose of species characterization using chromosome morphometric data and NOR banding. A median ideogram was obtained for each species. The karyotype formula obtained varied from 7m + 12sm to 9m + 11sm. The species showed moderate chromosome asymmetry values according to TF% form, Stebbins, Romero Zarco and Paszko indices. V. champinii and V. girdiana were apart from the other species by CVcl and CVci graphic representation and also formed a group apart in the dendrogram based on Euclidian distances. The chromosome pair number 3 harbors the secondary constriction and a satellite segment in all species analyzed with Giemsa staining and it may be the same observed after NOR banding technique. It seems that the process of speciation in the North American Euvitis species studied involved some discrete changes in chromosome morphometry which have been reflected in the asymmetry index.


Mantello C.C.,University of Campinas | Suzuki F.I.,University of Campinas | Souza L.M.,University of Campinas | Goncalves P.S.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac | Souza A.P.,University of Campinas
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2012

Background: The rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) is native to the Amazon region and it is the major source of natural rubber in the world. Rubber tree breeding is time-consuming and expensive. However, molecular markers such as microsatellites can reduce the time required for these programs. This study reports new genomic microsatellite markers developed and characterized in H. brasiliensis and the evaluation of their transferability to other Hevea species. Findings: We constructed di- and trinucleotide-enriched libraries. From these two libraries, 153 primer pairs were designed and initially evaluated using 9 genotypes of H. brasiliensis. A total of 119 primer pairs had a good amplification product, 90 of which were polymorphic. We chose 46 of the polymorphic markers and characterized them in 36 genotypes of H. brasiliensis. The expected and observed heterozygosities ranged from 0.1387 to 0.8629 and 0.0909 to 0.9167, respectively. The polymorphism information content (PIC) values ranged from 0.097 to 0.8339, and the mean number of alleles was 6.4 (217). These 46 microsatellites were also tested in 6 other Hevea species. The percentage of transferability ranged from 82% to 87%. Locus duplication was found in H. brasiliensis and also in 5 of other species in which transferability was tested. Conclusions: This study reports new microsatellite markers for H. brasiliensis that can be used for genetic linkage mapping, quantitative trait loci identification and marker- assisted selection. The high percentage of transferability may be useful in the evaluations of genetic variability and to monitor introgression of genetic variability from different Hevea species into breeding programs. © 2012 Mantello et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Cysteine amino-acid compound (or its analogues) used in the disruption of microbial biofilms by treatment of prevention of diseases generated by phytopathogenic bacteria attacking plants of agricultural interest represented by an innovative solution within the agriculture sector, where said compound can be used in the pharmacological form, as a drug associated with fertilizer for the combat of bacterial diseases which form microbial biofilms, such as citrus variegated chlorosis (CVC), citric canker, huanlongbing (HLB) disease or greening, amongst other, which inventive concept, as such, never before completed, resides in the benefit deriving from the cysteine amino-acid, and all of its analogues, in the inhibitory action and progressive disruption of the microbial biofilm thus liberating the nutritive flux and hydration of the root to the upper part of the plant and the subsequent regression of the disease symptoms, with the added advantage that the cysteine amino-acid compound is non-toxic, guaranteeing healthy production of foods by plants of agricultural interest that are totally healthy, without toxic residues in their composition, as well as when said compound is applied there is risk to the environment due to the rapid absorption, notably within the area in which it is applied, where such predicates of disease combat, with the exception of toxic collateral effects still guarantee that the final crop and harvest will have a higher productivity per hectare.


Cysteine amino-acid compound (or its analogues) used in the disruption of microbial biofilms by treatment of prevention of diseases generated by phytopathogenic bacteria attacking plants of agricultural interest represented by an innovative solution within the agriculture sector, where said compound can be used in the pharmacological form, as a drug associated with fertilizer for the combat of bacterial diseases which form microbial biofilms, such as citrus variegated chlorosis (CVC), citric canker, huanlongbing (HLB) disease or greening, amongst other, which inventive concept, as such, never before completed, resides in the benefit deriving from the cysteine amino-acid, and all of its analogues, in the inhibitory action and progressive disruption of the microbial biofilm thus liberating the nutritive flux and hydration of the root to the upper part of the plant and the subsequent regression of the disease symptoms, with the added advantage that the cysteine amino-acid compound is non-toxic, guaranteeing healthy production of foods by plants of agricultural interest that are totally healthy, without toxic residues in their composition, as well as when said compound is applied there is risk to the environment due to the rapid absorption, notably within the area in which it is applied, where such predicates of disease combat, with the exception of toxic collateral effects still guarantee that the final crop and harvest will have a higher productivity per hectare.

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