Evaluation of the stability and adaptability of genotypes of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris l.) through multivariate analysis of genotype performance [Avaliação da estabilidade e adaptabilidade de genótipos de feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) baseada na análise multivariada da "performance" genotípica]
Perina E.F.,Instituto Agronomico APTA |
Carvalho C.R.L.,Instituto Agronomico APTA |
Chiorato A.F.,Instituto Agronomico APTA |
Goncalves J.G.R.,Instituto Agronomico APTA |
Carbonell S.A.M.,Instituto Agronomico APTA
Ciencia e Agrotecnologia | Year: 2010
The purpose of this research was to evaluate the stability and adaptability of the genotypes of common beans, cultivated in different environments through multivariate analysis of genotype performance employing up water contents, protein value and technological parameters of quality (percentage of absorption of water before and after cooking, time of cooking, percentage of complete grains, volumetric expansion and soluble solid totals in the broth), together with average productivity of the genotypes. To that end, 19 genotypes of common bean of the carioca and black commercial groups, belonging the testing of VCU (Value of Cultivation and Use) of São Paulo state have been evaluated in the crops of 2005/2006/2007. According to the results obtained by multivariate analysis for the set of the three seasons of culture the genotype Gen 96A98-15-3-52-1 and IAC-Alvorada were classified as stable, responsive to improvement of the environment, and tolerant in unfavorable environments. It can be concluded from these results that the univariate and multivariate adaptability and stability analyses proposed by Carneiro (1998) based on Lin & Binns (1988) is an efficient and simple way to assess the genotype performance of the cultivars, besides presenting parameter uniqueness to estimate adaptability to favorable and unfavorable environments, with a simple interpretation of the results.