Institution of Supreme Education and Industry of Maragheh

and Industry of, Iran

Institution of Supreme Education and Industry of Maragheh

and Industry of, Iran
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Anahita E.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Hossein K.J.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Hossein K.J.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Nazanin S.J.,Islamic Azad University at Firuzabad | And 4 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Introduction: Fluoxetine with the brand name of Prozac was introduced in the late 1980s. This antidepressant medication is one of the most prescribed medications in the world and millions of people around the world are willing to pay large sums for fluoxetine and similar drugs. Due to the heavy use of this drug and lack of attention to the probable reaction of the drug to the liver, it can be stated that the purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of fluoxetine drug on the liver enzymes. Method: 40 female Wistar rats were divided randomly into 5 equal groups. The first group (control group) did not receive any medication. The second group (sham group) only injected distilled water. Experimental group 1 received 5 mg/kg fluoxetine daily, experimental group 2 also received 10 mg/kg fluoxetine and experimental group 3 received 20 mg/kg fluoxetine, based on body weight, intraperitoneally. At the end of 30 days, blood samples were taken from rats and serum concentration of ALT, AST and ALK were measured. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 18 and the results were expressed as shown in the table. Results: Concentration ofALT and AST in experimental groups 1, 2 and 3 that respectively received doses of minimum, average and maximum of drug, showed a significant increase compared to control group. Also, ALK concentration in experimental group 3 had significant increase compared to control group. Conclusion: The results show that use of fluoxetine drug causes increase of liver enzymes that indicate damage to liver tissue. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Limanjoob Reza S.,Islamic Azad University | Roza S.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Elham R.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Seyed Hamid B.,Institution of Supreme Education and Industry of Maragheh | And 3 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Background and objective: Providing healthy food and required for increasing population and its role in the future of a healthy physical and mental development of human society, and also new requirements of propagation and breeding shrimp by using the latest technology, new methods for researchers and experts and even authorities have opened. In this study pathogenicity of virus of white spot disease that is the cause of the death and destruction of shrimps, in the Litopenaeus vannamei have been studied experimentally. Materials and methods: In this research, 200 Litopenaeus vannamei weighing approximately 10-12 gr were randomly selected,and Infected shrimps being tested, and by using diagnostic kits IQ2000 PCR have been confirmed. From the frozen body of Indian white shrimps that previously have shown symptoms of white spot disease, with using Nested Polymerase chain reaction (Nested-PCR) method, the virus existence was proven, that was used as virus source, and during a day in several meals along with food was given to Litopenaeus vannamei. After 3 days, clinical symptoms including: rapid separation of the cuticle from the epidermis, empty stomach and intestines, yellow and brittle of hepatopancreas, and red moving limbs was observed. Samples of treatment group tissues for histopathological studies fixed in Davidson's solution, and microscopic sections prepared and by hematoxylin - eosin stained, and white spot lesions in target tissues of virus, were studied comprehensively using light microscopy. Results: From the total samples, 32 pieces showed clinical symptom of grade 1 disease severity, and 20 pieces showed grade 2 disease severity, and 14 pieces showed grade 3 disease severity, and 5 pieces showed grade 4 disease severity. In Litopenaeus vannamei, there was grade 1 and 2 of disease severity. Rate of ROI was 68/8%. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Sheyda A.,Islamic Azad University | Koshkaki Elham R.,Shiraz University | Houshang J.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Jahromi Hossein K.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Background & Aim: Based on pharmacologic classification, vitamin C is of vitamins that are solved in water. Based on treatment classification, vitamin C is of vitamins and its consumption group during pregnancy is of A. malathion is a contact insecticide that effects on pests by respiration and digestion. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of vitamin C anti oxidant on malathion toxic effects on oogenesis and pituitary ovary hormonal axis in rats. Methods: sixty mature female rats, of wistar race were divided into six groups of ten including sham, control, vitamin C, experimental groups 1, 2, 3. The average of their weights was 200± 15 and their age was 100-120 days. Malathion poison by daily insulin syringe for 14 days in 10, 20, 40 mg/kg body weight doses and vitamin C, 20 mg/kg were injected to rats intra peritoneumly and hormonal changes LH and FSH,estrogen and progestron was studied by ELISA test. Results: the results indicated that there was no significant difference in hormone LH in groups as compared with control group and just had significant in group vitamin C (P<0.05). There was significant increase in hormone FSH in group vitamin C as compared with control group. Estrogen hormone had significant increase in group vitamin C. progestron hormone had significant decreasw in all of experimental groups and group vitamin C (P<0.05). Conclusion: vitamin C had little neutralizing effect as compared with malathion toxic effects. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Limanjoob Reza S.,Islamic Azad University | Jahromi Hossein K.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Jahromi Hossein K.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Jahromi Nazanin S.,Islamic Azad University at Firuzabad | And 4 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Introduction: Meat, fish and other livestock to various reasons that are consumed orally is preferred. Given the importance of the health of fish to be used in human society seems essential. Gill necrosis syndrome is one of the most important diseases in the aquaculture industry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of histopathological gill necrosis in carp carrot opioid Lake is distracted. Methods: In this study, 100 pieces of carp (carrots) Kazeroon distracted Lake fishing and ice compartments Rubber powder was sent to the lab. Fish Pathology Laboratory, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, the measure biometric characteristics such as weight, length and... And clinical studies, necropsy was attempted and the observations recorded, the fish gills were isolated and transferred to 10% formalin solution. The gill tissue sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, they were studied. Results: In 31% of cases, one or microscopic signs were observed in 69% of cases, no symptoms were reported pathology. The most important microscopic signs, including the collapse of the cytoplasm membrane 28, 23 hypertonic cytoplasm, nucleus Hypertrophy 25, 17 pick nose, 11 is replaced by connective tissue. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Hooshang J.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Jahromi Hossein K.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Jahromi Hossein K.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Seyed Hamid B.,Institution of Supreme Education and Industry of Maragheh | And 2 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Background and Objective: Calendula officinalist is a grass, one annual plant and race of Asteraceae. This plant is a valuable medicinal plant that In addition to the medicinal properties, it has ornamental aspects. Methods: To study the effects of micronutrient elements on the physiological properties of Calendula officinalist in the term of a completely randomized design with three replications in 1390 was conducted at the research farm of Islamic Azad University of shahrkord. Treatments of iron and zinc in three levels [0, 2 and 4 per thousand] on Calendula officinalist plants studied and evaluated. During this test Calendula officinalist 2 times, at 4 to 6 leaf stage and early flowering, by iron and zinc were sprayed. Results and discussion: Based on results of One-way ANOVA test in this experiment, Concentration of 2 per thousand of Fe and Zn had the most effect on Calendula officinalist. Practical/Industrial advice: According to the results of the study, it is recommended that more study should be done on other micronutrients elements of different concentrations of this experiment in the effective ingredients of medicinal plants. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Limanjoob Reza S.,Islamic Azad University | Jahromi Hossein K.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Jahromi Hossein K.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Koshkaki Elham R.,Shiraz University | And 4 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Introduction: Many studies maintain that temperature and density are two of the most important physical factors and chemical water aquarium fish are breeding. In this study we have tried to change the temperature and density of fish on growth Sychlayd zebra fish (precipitation) (Lobochilothes labiatus) will review the aquarium. Methods: In this study Sychlayd on zebra fish (precipitation) was performed in the 25-liter, 4-treatment densities of 25, 50, 100, and 150 pieces of fish were considered. Also, in order to check the temperature of 50 liters of 4 treatments with the same density (50 pieces) and temperatures 5, 25, 8, 28, 7, 31, 4 and 34 were considered. Results: Based on the results, the weight and length of fish density was 25 was significantly higher than other treatments. The temperature results from 8/28 to 7/31 have the most significant weight and length was observed. Conclusion: It seems that the best offer in the storage density of 1 cm of fish per liter of precipitation and temperature from 8/28 to 7/31. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Limanjoob Reza S.,Islamic Azad University | Elham R.,Shiraz University | Nahid S.,Shiraz University | Seyed Hamid B.,Institution of Supreme Education and Industry of Maragheh | And 2 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Background and objective: Providing healthy food and required for increasing population of the country, that their health is important for future physical and mental health, Including responsibilities that it should be considered by wise strategy. Among these, marines have multiple capabilities for preventing diseases and providing health and in comparison with other proteins are more completely nutrients. In this study pathogenicity of virus of white spot disease that is the cause of the death and destruction of shrimps, in the Litopenaeus vannamei have been studied experimentally. Materials and methods: In this research, 200 Litopenaeus vannamei weighing approximately 10-12 gr were randomly selected,and Infected animals being tested, and by using diagnostic kits IQ2000 PCR have been confirmed. From the frozen body of Indian white shrimps that previously have shown symptoms of white spot disease, with using Nested Polymerase chain reaction (Nested-PCR) method, the virus existence was proven, that was used as virus source, and during a day in several meals along with food was given to Litopenaeus vannamei. After 3 days, clinical symptoms including: rapid separation of the cuticle from the epidermis, empty stomach and intestines, yellow and brittle of hepatopancreas, and red moving limbs was observed. Samples of tissues from treatment groups for study PCR and next steps were selected. Results: samples with Nested-PCR method, according to instructions of diagnostic special kit of white spot disease, multiple reaction steps passed and Finally, by ultraviolet rays were observed and recorded, of which 90 samples, in 62 cases positive reactions were observed. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Limanjoob Reza S.,Islamic Azad University | Jahromi Hossein K.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Jahromi Hossein K.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Yazdan H.,Payame Noor University | And 4 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Introduction: Considering the prevalence of intestinal parasites of fish, carrots distracted Boteriosophalosise achylognauty study was conducted. Results: In this study, on the contrary, the parasite was isolated from any sample. Conclusion: The occurrence of drought and food shortages in the elimination of adult parasites is likely to have a role in the host intestine. Therefore, further studies on the role of parasite virulence and intensity of parasites in fish, carrots, and also consider how to eliminate the possibility of drought conditions is necessary. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Limanjoob Reza S.,Islamic Azad University | Jahromi Hossein K.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Jahromi Hossein K.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Yazdan H.,Payame Noor University | And 4 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Introduction: Considering the prevalence of the parasite in fish, carrots Parishan abdominal Ligulaeinstinalys study was conducted. Methods: In this regard, 50 pieces of fish were caught 87 Carrots Parishan and fall into place along Ice Aquatic Veterinary Laboratory Kazeroon moved up towards appearance and autopsy studies are based on routine Academic was the acting.Results: In this study, contrary to expectation, the parasite was isolated from any sample.Conclusion: The occurrence of drought and food shortages in the elimination of adult parasites is likely to have a role in abdominal side. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.


Limanjoob Reza S.,Islamic Azad University | Jahromi Hossein K.,Jahrom University of Medical Sciences | Jahromi Hossein K.,Islamic Azad University at Jahrom | Nahid S.,Shiraz University | And 3 more authors.
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2014

Introduction: A Lierne, a Sypryns has a problem in growth carp was known for hundreds of years and are commonly called hookworm. Has a very broad area that host many members of fish has invaded freshwater eat. Surangle penetrate the fish's skin, causing a long metamorphose is a parasitic organism. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hookworm on histo-pathological changes of silver carp fish and the fish is Amor. Methods: In this study on 30 samples of fish (silver carp Affairs) took 30 fish from three farms and randomly (10 examples from every field) fish weighing over 150 grams it is using inkjet net (vetch) were caught. The fish were caught in summer and the city Branch. Skin of infected fish isolated in 10% formalin buffered to a Lierne saved. To prepare slides of tissue samples for histopathology department of the Central Hospital was sent to Shiraz. The sections of providing pathology of parasitic junction Lierne A Fish specimens, the sections were studied. The results indicate that the inflammatory cell infiltration influence mononuclear cells, the formation of new fibroblasts, increased melanin pigment, muscle necrosis, congestion, de- vein, was bleeding. © 2014 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.

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