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Zhong Y.,Institution of Infectious Diseases | Han J.,Institution of Infectious Diseases | Zou Z.,Institution of Infectious Diseases | Liu S.,Beijing 302 Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2011

Background: The study aimed to develop an effective method to quantitate HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) using small section of formalin fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) liver biopsy. Methods: Plasmid-safe ATP-dependent DNase (PSAD)-treated samples were subjected to rolling circle amplification (RCA) prior to real-time PCR mediated by cccDNA-selective primers. Human beta-actin gene was used as a reference control. Results: Compared to the classical method, i.e., PSAD digestion. +. real-time PCR, introduction of RCA increased the lower limit of detection for about 2 logs with good inter- and intra-assay reproducibility. HBV cccDNA was detected in 91.5% (119/130) of the FFPE samples. The cccDNA levels (copy/cell) between FFPE liver tissues and fresh frozen counterpart tissues were comparable. The median of cccDNA level in HBeAg-positive patients was higher than that in HBeAg-negative ones (52.60 vs. 31.25. copies/cell, p<0.01). Intrahepatic cccDNA level was positively correlated with intrahepatic HBV total DNA level, but not obviously correlated with serum HBV DNA or alanine aminotransferase levels. Conclusions: The method could sensitively and specifically quantitate intrahepatic HBV cccDNA in micro FFPE liver biopsy tissue for evaluation of HBV replication status in the liver. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

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