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Lan J.,Institution of biotechnology | Hua S.,Institution of biotechnology | Zhang H.,Institution of biotechnology | Song Y.,Institution of biotechnology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Genetics and Genomics | Year: 2010

In order to investigate DNA methylation profiles of five pluripotency-related genes (Oct4, Sox2, Nanog, Rex1 and Fgf4) during bovine maternal to zygotic transition (MZT) in both in vitro fertilized (IVF) and nuclear transfer (NT) embryos, sodium bisulfite sequencing method was used to detect DNA methylation levels, accompanied by the statistical analysis of embryo developmental rates. The results showed that Oct4, Nanog, Rex1 and Fgf4 were respectively demethylated by 25.22% (P < 0.01), 3.84% (P > 0.05), 31.82% (P < 0.01) and 10% (P > 0.05) while Sox2 retained unmethylation during MZT in IVF embryos. By contrast, Oct4 and Rex1 respectively underwent demethylation by 23.04% (P < 0.01) and 6.02% (P > 0.05), and, reversely, Sox2, Nanog and Fgf4 respectively experienced remethylation by 0.84% (P > 0.05), 5.39% (P > 0.05) and 5.46% (P > 0.05) during MZT in NT embryos. Interestingly, the CpG 14 site of Sox2 was specifically methylated in both 8-cell and morula NT embryos. In addition, the development of blastocysts between IVF and NT embryos showed no significant difference. DNA methylation analysis showed that only Oct4 and Sox2 underwent the correct methylation reprogramming process, which may be responsible for the development of blastocysts of NT embryos to a certain extent. In conclusion, the five genes respectively experienced demethylation to different extents and incomplete DNA methylation reprogramming during bovine MZT in both IVF and NT embryos, suggesting that they may be used as indicators for bovine embryo developmental competence. © 2010 Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology and the Genetics Society of China.

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