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Villejuif, France

Graf N.,Saarland University | Van Tinteren H.,Netherlands Cancer Institute | Bergeron C.,Institute dhemato oncologie pediatrique | Pein F.,InstitutGustave Roussy | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2012

Purpose: To determine the prognosis of children with stage II and III of low or intermediate risk histology (SIOP classification) in unilateral localised Wilms tumour (WT) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to the trial and study of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology, SIOP 93-01. Patients and methods: Patients with unilateral localised WT and stage II or III with low (LR) or intermediate risk (IR) histology between 6 months and 18 years of age, were selected from the total sample of patients registered in the SIOP 93-01 study between June 1993 and December 2001. All patients received 4 weeks of actinomycin-D/vincristine before surgery. Postoperative chemotherapy consisted of actinomycin-D, vincristine and epirubicin/doxorubicin for 27 weeks. Flank or whole abdomen irradiation was given for stage III. Event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were analysed for various subgroups. Results: Of 1476 registered patients 594 (40%) met the inclusion criteria for this analysis. Four hundred and two (67%) had stage II disease and 563 (95%) had intermediate risk histology. Median tumour volume was 439 ml at diagnosis and 163 ml after preoperative chemotherapy. With a median follow-up of 8 years, 5-year EFS was 90% (95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 87-92%) and OS 95% (95% CI: 93-97%). Patients with stage III, blastemal type histology and a large volume at surgery had a worse outcome. Conclusion: Treatment for stage II and III LR or IR WT is successful in a neoadjuvant setting as advised by the SIOP. Stage, tumour volume and blastemal type histology are the most important prognostic factors. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Clero E.,InstitutGustave Roussy | Clero E.,CNRS Gustave Roussy Institute | Clero E.,University Paris - Sud | Doyon F.,InstitutGustave Roussy | And 15 more authors.
Nutrition and Cancer | Year: 2012

French Polynesia has one of the world's highest thyroid cancer incidence rates. A case-control study among native residents of French Polynesia included 229 cases of differentiated thyroid cancer diagnosed between 1979 and 2004, and 371 population controls. Dietary patterns and goitrogenic food consumption (cabbage, cassava) were analyzed. We used a factor analysis to identify dietary patterns and a conditional logistic regression analysis to investigate the association between dietary patterns or food items and thyroid cancer risk. Two distinct dietary patterns were identified: traditional Polynesian and Western. A nonsignificant inverse association was observed between the traditional Polynesian dietary pattern and thyroid cancer risk. The Western pattern was not associated with thyroid cancer risk. Cassava consumption was significantly associated with a decreased risk of thyroid cancer. In conclusion, a traditional Polynesian dietary pattern led to a weak reduced risk of thyroid cancer in French Polynesia. The protective effect of cassava on this cancer does not seem to be substantially different from that of cabbage, which was the main goitrogenic food studied to date. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

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