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Buenos Aires, Argentina

ARGIBAY H.D.,University of Buenos Aires | OROZCO M.M.,University of Buenos Aires | CARDINAL M.V.,University of Buenos Aires | RINAS M.A.,Parque Ecologico El Puma | And 3 more authors.
Parasitology | Year: 2016

Establishing the putative links between sylvatic and domestic transmission cycles of Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, is of public health relevance. We conducted three surveys to assess T. cruzi infection in wild mammals from a rural and a preserved area in Misiones Province, Northeastern Argentina, which had recently been declared free of vector- and blood-borne transmission of human T. cruzi infection. A total of 200 wild mammals were examined by xenodiagnosis (XD) and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the hyper-variable region of kinetoplast DNA minicircles of T. cruzi (kDNA-PCR). The overall prevalence of T. cruzi infection was 8%. Nine (16%) of 57 Didelphis albiventris opossums and two (7%) of 29 Desmodus rotundus vampire bats were positive by both XD and kDNA-PCR. Additionally, one D. rotundus positive for T. cruzi by kDNA-PCR tested positive by satellite-DNA-PCR (SAT-DNA-PCR). The T. cruzi-infected bats were captured indoors and in the yard of a vacant dwelling. All D. albiventris were infected with TcI and both XD-positive D. rotundus by TcII. Fifty-five opossum cubs within the marsupium were negative by XD. The mean infectiousness to the vector was 62% in D. albiventris and 50% in D. rotundus. Mice experimentally infected with a parasite isolate from a vampire bat displayed lesions typically caused by T. cruzi. Our study documents the presence of the genotype TcII in a sylvatic host for the first time in Argentina, and the occurrence of two transmission cycles of T. cruzi in a district free of domestic vector-borne transmission. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016

Cicuttin G.,Institute Zoonosis Luis Pasteur | Nava S.,CONICET
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2013

Specimens of the hard tick Amblyomma triste were found infected with Rickettsia parkeri in an area of Argentina (General Lavalle, Buenos Aires Province) where cases of human illness attributed to this microorganism have been reported. Molecular detection of R. parkeri was based on polymerase chain reactions that amplify a ca. 400-bp fragment of the 23S-5S intergenic spacer and a ca. 500-bp fragment of the gene encoding a 190-kDa outer membrane protein. Three (6.97%) of 43 A. triste ticks were determined to be positive for R. parkeri. These results provide strong evidence that A. triste is the vector of R. parkeri in the study area. The findings of this work have epidemiological relevance because human parasitism by A. triste ticks has been frequently recorded in some riparian areas of Argentina and Uruguay and new cases of R. parkeri rickettsiosis might arise in the South American localities where humans are exposed to the bites of this tick species.

Lucero N.E.,National Laboratories And Institutes Of Health Administration Anlis Dr C G Malbran | Maldonado P.I.,Servicios de Infectologia y Microbiologia | Kaufman S.,Servicios de Infectologia y Microbiologia | Escobar G.I.,National Laboratories And Institutes Of Health Administration Anlis Dr C G Malbran | And 2 more authors.
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases | Year: 2010

From the blood culture of an HIV-positive patient with a febrile syndrome (CD4 count 385 cells/μL and viral load nondetectable), Brucella canis was isolated. The patient was presumptively infected from his dogs, which tested positive, and showed good outcome after the therapy with doxycycline- ciprofloxacin, and the HIV infection would seem not to have been influenced by brucellosis. To our knowledge, no other case of B. canis in the setting of HIV infection has been reported in the literature, and the emerging zoonotic potential of the disease in urban areas should be considered. © Copyright 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc..

Beltran F.J.,Institute Zoonosis Luis Pasteur | Dohmen F.G.,Institute Zoonosis Luis Pasteur | Del Pietro H.,Servicio Nacional de Sanidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria | Cisterna D.M.,Servicio de Neurovirosis
Journal of Infection in Developing Countries | Year: 2014

Introduction: The exposure of nervous tissue samples to high temperatures affects the sensitivity of rabies virus diagnostic tests, causing degradation of the viral structure. This study evaluated reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the diagnosis and molecular characterization of brain tissue samples in an advanced state of decomposition and poorly conserved viral isolates by comparing it with routine diagnostic tests. Methodology: A panel of three canine brain samples exposed to controlled decomposition for 7, 15, 30, and 120 days were evaluated using fluorescence antibody test (FAT), mouse inoculation test (MIT), and RT-PCR. In addition, 14 isolates of rabies variants, representing the largest circulation in Argentina, preserved in inadequate cooling for six to eight years were analyzed. Molecular typing of strains was performed using a 159-nucleotide region corresponding to the nucleoprotein gene. Results: The three samples analyzed were positive by RT-PCR at all the decomposition times evaluated, in contrast to results observed with FAT and MIT, which rapidly became negative. In addition, 100% of the inadequately preserved samples were characterized molecularly. The limit of detection of RT-PCR was 0.5 MICDL50/0.03 mL. Conclusion: RT-PCR can be useful for rabies diagnosis and typing of putrefying samples or rabies isolates stored in inadequate conditions. © 2014 Beltrán et al.

Canteros C.E.,INEI | Madariaga M.J.,Institute Zoonosis Luis Pasteur | Lee W.,INEI | Rivas M.C.,INEI | And 2 more authors.
Revista Iberoamericana de Micologia | Year: 2010

Background: Three fungal species causing human disease, namely Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, Histoplasma capsulatum and Coccidioides sp., are endemic in different areas of Argentina. Rates of infection in domestic dogs have been used in other Latin American countries as indicators of the presence of these pathogens in a given area. We used such an approach to investigate the epidemiological relevance of paracoccidiodomycosis, histoplasmosis and coccidioidomycosis in our country. Aim: To investigate the presence of P. brasiliensis, H. capsulatum and Coccidioides sp. in a rural area of Argentina called Interfluvio Teuco-Bermejito, located in Chaco province. Methods: We applied Western Blotting to determine the presence of specific antibodies in sera from 89 domestic dogs inhabiting the area. Antibodies against the following extra-cellular fungal antigens were investigated: gP43 of P. brasiliensis, H/M of H. capsulatum and 120, 82 and 48. kDa antigen bands of Coccidioides sp. Results: Specific antibodies against H. capsulatum were found in 9/89 (10%) sera: 8 reacted against both H and M antigens and 1 only reacted against antigen M. Of these 9 sera, one showed additional anti-gp43 activity and another reacted against all the fungal antigens tested. Conclusions: This is the first study using dog infection to assess the presence of endemic fungal pathogens in Argentina. Our results suggest that H. capsulatum is the main dimorphic fungal pathogen in the Interfluvio Teuco-Bermejito area. Therefore, the diagnosis of histoplasmosis should be taken into account in patients living in this geographic region who show pulmonary or mucocutaneous symptoms compatible with the disease. © 2009 Revista Iberoamericana de Micología.

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