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Ljubljana, Slovenia

Pravst I.,Institute za Nutricionistiko | Pravst I.,University of Ljubljana | Ribic C.H.,Institute za varovanje zdravja Republike Slovenije
Farmacevtski Vestnik | Year: 2012

Bone health has a critical effect on the quality of one's life, and also on the health services, economies and populations as a whole. The maximum attainment of peak bone mass achieved during growth and the rate of bone loss with advancing age are the two principal factors effecting bone health. We must distinguish two different conditions when discussing bone health. Osteopenia is a condition of lowered bone mineral density (BMD) and considered as a serious risk factor for the development of osteoporosis, which is a skeletal disease characterised both by low bone mass and the microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fractures. Nutrition is, together with physical activity, the most important exogenous factor influencing these processes. In this review we focused to the role of dietary calcium, vitamin D and vitamin K, the most important dietary factors of bone health, and also discussed some other critical nutrients - magnesium, proteins and phosphorus. While dairy products, fishes and green vegetables are recognized as important foods for bone health, we also discussed in which cases the supplementation should be considered.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: HEALTH.2013.4.1-2 | Award Amount: 662.57K | Year: 2013

REDICLAIM (Understanding the impact of legislation on REduction of DIsease risk CLAIMs on food and drinks) seeks to understand the way in which the European Regulation (EC) No. 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods and associated legislation has had and continues to have an impact on the substantiation and use of reduction of disease risk claims on food and drinks. To achieve this REDICLAIM will: (1) Seek to understand the (a) main issues and hurdles concerning substantiation and use of reduction of disease risk claims on food and drinks; (b) level of awareness about legal obligations with regard to reduction of disease risk claims on food and drinks among the relevant stakeholders; and (2) Produce a three-fold study of the impact of nutrition and health claims legislation specific to reduction of disease risk claims on food and drinks on: (a) The claim substantiation process, (b) Health research and/or innovation in the food chain, and (c) Nutrition economic models to determine health impact. REDICLAIM results will contribute to: (1) the development of an evidence base of the process by which health and nutrition claims are made and controlled by regulatory frameworks; (2) the effectiveness of their control by regulation; (3) the establishment of recommendations for government, industry and the scientific community with a view to conducting the necessary research and development of such products. The aim of this will be to achieve both effective compliance with better regulation and, to contribute to the enhancement of innovative and competitive products.

Pravst I.,Institute za Nutricionistiko | Blaznik U.,Institute za Varovanje Zdravja RS | Krbavcic A.,University of Ljubljana | Kreft S.,University of Ljubljana | And 7 more authors.
Farmacevtski Vestnik | Year: 2012

Food supplements are foods, intended to supplement the normal diet. They are concentrated sources of individual or combined nutrients or other substances with nutritional or other physiological effects and are usually on the market in the form of capsules, tablets, pills and other similar forms such as powder in sachets, liquid in ampoules, drop dispensing bottles and other similar forms designed to be used in measured small unit quantities. Dietary supplements should be safe to use, marketed and presented in a way not to mislead the consumer, their composition must correspond to the label until the end of product shelf life when stored according to the manufacturer's instructions. These recommendations provide assistance to operators in providing quality of food supplements, and a basis for assessing the quality of dietary supplements on the market.

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