Zagreb, Croatia
Zagreb, Croatia

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Introduction: Puppets are an important educational and therapeutic agent, and an impetus for creative expression in children. Therefore, educators in kindergarten should be familiar with puppets as a medium which is able to stimulate the development of the children. The main goal of this study was to answer the question: are there differences in prosocial and aggressive behavior in preschool children in relation to the frequency of the teacher's use of puppets in her educational work? Materials and methods: Twenty teachers in kindegartens assessed the level of prosocial or aggressive behavior in 248 children, from kindergartens in the Split-Dalmatia County, aged 5.5 to 7 years (each teacher assessed the children in the educational groups of children in the study themselves). The children were placed in an experimental (in which the educator often uses a paper doll) or a control group (in which the educator very rarely used a paper doll). Teachers assessed the behavior of the children in their own educational group in the kindergarten using a scale for assessing prosocial and aggressive behavior in children (Žužul and Vlahovic-Štetić). Results: Results of the variance analysis showed that children in the experimental and control groups differed significantly in the prevalence of aggressive and prosocial behavior. Aggressive behavior was significantly more frequent in the control group and prosocial in the experimental group. In both groups, these two types of behaviors were negatively and significantly correlated. Discussion: The main finding of this research suggests that regular use of different methods of using puppets in educational work in kindergartens is correlated with the appearance of two forms of social behavior of children (prosocial and aggressive). These results can provide guidance for practical work, with a potential desirable impact on children, preferably using puppets in educational work. Conclusion: Children in the experimental group (more frequent use of puppets in educational work), were assessed by the teachers as more prosocial and less aggressive than in the control group of children. The relationship between prosocial and aggressive behavior in children is negative and statistically significant in the experimental, as well as in the control group.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: HEALTH.2011.2.4.3-4 | Award Amount: 4.32M | Year: 2012

MEDIGENE project will study genetic and environmental (G x E) determinants of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in recent immigrants in Europe by a novel approach integrating ancestry of Mediterranean populations in epidemiology, locus refining and Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS). West Mediterranean shores are place of pre-historical termini of population expansion from Southern Europe and North Africa. Archaeogenetic studies in Europe indicated that Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA patterns or Ancestry Informative Markers (AIMs) revealed a close relationship between genetic and geographic distances able to locate an individual DNA within few hundred kilometers. The project will use this information in mapping the genetic basis of insulin resistance, cardiovascular and metabolic complications in immigrants (Albanians, Romanians, Turkish, Tunisians, Algerians and Morocco) in host countries France, Spain, Italy and Greece. Ancestry markers and studies on ancient DNA from Roman historical migration in Catalonia will help to give a better picture of the genetic landscape of Europe and North Africa. Genes for MetS will be studied in existing samples from host and home countries by GWAS, locus refining by next-generation sequencing and haplotype mapping. Informative filtered SNPs will be then used in epidemiology and novel DNA samples to reveal G x E interactions and specificities of the pathogenesis of MetS. Genetic findings will be replicated in home countries (Anatolia and North Africa) in the goal to develop markers ethnic specific and significant at a clinical scale. Major impact is expected from dissemination of our findings to prevent the occurrence of MetS and obesity in children and adolescents or in descendants of modern immigration, understanding variability clinical manifestations of MetS in the context of malnutrition and from the novel approach of GWAS strategies by ameliorating the association signal and bursting R&D activities of SMEs.


Pavlovic Z.,Kralja Zvonimira 71 | Sindik J.,Institute za antropologiju
Sigurnost | Year: 2014

A significant factor that can adversely affect the daily operation of teachers and the quality of the relationship with the children in their care is the stress that teachers experience on the job. Stress experienced at work is not a simple product of exposure to adverse environmental factors. Of extreme importance are the personality traits of the teacher and the way they impact the ways of coping with stress. The aim of this study was to examine the possibility of forecasting situational coping with stress (criteria) on the basis of predictors such as personality traits of the preschool teachers (optimism/pessimism, emotional competence, self-efficacy), seniority, dispositional style of coping with stress and how teachers perceive different sources of stress on the job. The participants were 336 preschool teachers from Split-Dalmatia County. The following measuring instruments were applied: Scale for assessing stress of preschool teachers, Optimism-pessimism scale of general self-efficacy, Social desirability scale, Emotional competence questionnaire EUK-15, Questionnaire on coping with stressful situations and Questionnaire and coping with stressful situations. The results showed that dispositional coping mechanism focused on emotions, personality traits such as self efficacy (to a lesser extent), and seniority significantly contribute to situational coping with stress. The only significant predictor of job satisfaction turned out to be the intensity of the perceived stress. The findings contribute to a better understanding of stress among preschool teachers. This understanding can help in the design and improvement of programs for the prevention of stress, i.e. for developing and adopting effective strategies, coping skills and for promoting better social interaction. © 2014, Institute of Safety Research and Development. All rights reserved.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 989.73K | Year: 2016

This project is an innovative opportunity to mend several gaps in the research capacity in Croatia in Archaeology, Genetics, and other Sciences of the Past by twinning a consortium of Croatian researchers (CrEAMA Initiative) with archaeological scientists from the University of Cambridge (UCAM) and the University of Pisa (UP). The project exploits location-specific advantages that arise from two crucial facts. Firstly, there is large number of archaeological sites and remains in Croatia that are relatively understudied. Secondly there is a group of researchers (CrEAMA Initiative) whose research capacity, impact, and grant success at the European level has not realised full potential owing to a relative lack of resources, coordination, and strategic planning. This project will unlock this latent scientific potential by developing multi-inter-trans- disciplinary (MIT disciplinary) expertise. Our ultimate vision is to develop a research group capable of using an MIT disciplinary approach to Sciences of the Past; this will be a powerful force for innovation and will contribute to resolving contemporary issues. This vision will be realised through support from our partners: the UCAM and the UP. Both institutions display success in Archaeology, Genetics and other Sciences of the Past, and have proven track records in applying for and completing EU-funded research projects. The first goal is to establish and integrate the existing MIT disciplinary scientific research community in Croatia. The second goal is to upgrade and intensify scientific research of CrEAMA Initiative by utilising recent methodological achievements in genetics (NGS) and other biological disciplines (GMM). The third goal is to foster integration of the CrEAMA Initiative into ERA. Our last goal is to commercialise and integrate the CrEAMA Initiative research with the needs of society (local community) at the local (Korula Island), regional (Dalmatia), national, European (web) and global (web) level.


The overall objective of the study was to determine the attitudes associated with issues about the production of wheat. We have analyzed the responses of 130 wheat producers from the five counties of eastern Croatia, deliberately chosen from the Farm Register. The questionnaire contained several themes: Country-policyagricultural production, Production Technology-Economy, Purchase of wheat and Wheat production and impact of EU accession. It appears that participants have the most positive attitudes in the aspect of Production Technology- Economy, and the most negative in the aspect of Country-policy-agricultural production. In the aspect of Production Technology-Economy, more positive attitudes have participants who work in economies with a large number of members (more than 5). Low to medium high positive significant correlations, found between certain aspects of attitudes about wheat production, suggest that the attitudes to all questions related to the production of wheat are similar. Older workers (age group 61-80 years) have a negative attitude to the aspects of Production Technology- Economy and Wheat production and impact of EU accession. Among the links between certain aspects of attitudes on wheat production with selected agroeconomics indicators, highlights the finding that some of these indicators are negatively associated with private ownership of land, and positively with the lease of the land, in separate aspects of Production Technology-Economy, Purchase wheat and Influence of entry into the EU. © 2014, Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek. All rights reserved.


The main objective of this study was to determine differences in the attitudes towards inclusion of children with disabilities among teachers in kindergartens according to age groups. The intentional sample of kindergarten teachers in Osijek and Zagreb were examined using the Expert Images about Inclusion of Children with Development Disabilities questionnaire. Dimensions of attitudes and beliefs about inclusion are mutually mainly low, but significantly and positively correlated. It turned out that older kindergarten teachers showed significantly more pronounced bias toward inclusion, but they knew more about the philosophy of inclusion and about the inclusion estimating criteria. On the other hand, younger kindergarten teachers believed that they had greater personal and professional competence to work in terms of inclusion. The existence of age differences in preschool teachers in the attitudes towards the inclusion determines the possibility of conceiving a differentiated educational program of inclusion.


The main objective of this study was to identify the factors related to sports tourism in the observers (passive sport consumers) and competitors (active sport consumers) in the World Championship in Windsurfing Class Formula 2013, in Viganj on the peninsula of Pelješac, to determine the relationship between these factors and socio-demographic variables and to determine differences in these factors in relation to several independent variables. The sample of twenty-one competitors, together with a sample of twenty one observers of this sport event were examined, using the Questionnaire on sports tourism and Athlete’s identity measurement scale. A major sports tourism motives of participants and observers in this sport event were obtained. It turned out that at the observers and the competitors, the importance of the benefits of sports and tourist destinations dominated, comparing with its limitations. Pull factors, i.e. advanced sports and travel motives dominate in competitors. It is possible that the educated sports observers are also more responsible and show the trend of “external” forms of entertainment, as compared with less educated observers. Sports identity is medium, high and positively correlated with the level of education. Women expressed more sophisticated pulling tourist motifs, such as the acquisition of knowledge about the destination. © 2014, University of Dubronvnik. All rights reserved.


The experience of the beach as territory is relatively rarely investigated an issue, especially within Croatian framework. The objectives of the research have been: the construction of the questionnaire Territorialism on the beaches, which covers three types of Altman’s concept of territoriality (1) to determine the differences in the dimensions of the questionnaire (three types of the territory), with regard to gender, place of residence, type of beach, and the type of occupation (2); to determine the relationship between aspects of territoriality (latent dimensions obtained by factorization of the questionnaire) and the age and work experience (3). A comparative study has been conducted on a sample of 83 participants (40 males and 43 females) from Dubrovnik, using the questionnaire Territorialism on the beaches. The questionnaire has been successfully constructed and it has demonstrated good psychometric properties. The resulting latent dimensions clearly represent three dimensions of subjective affiliation to the beaches: primary, secondary and public territory. In relation to three dimensions of the questionnaire, no gender differences have been found, as well as no statistically significant correlations with age and work experience. Also, the beach as a primary territory is more often experienced by the residents of the old city (as compared to those who live in other locations), and with those who visit “cult” urban beaches such as Danče, Šulić, Porporela and Bellevue. © 2015 University of Dubronvnik. All rights reserved.


Sindik J.,Institute za antropologiju | Perinic Lewis A.,Institute za antropologiju | Novokmet N.,Institute za antropologiju | Havas Augustin D.,Institute za antropologiju
Sigurnost | Year: 2014

In this paper we have compared the levels of stress vs. mental hardiness among police officers and health workers. Stress in the workplace (occupational stress) is a specific type of stress, which is very common in these two professions, while hardiness, as a stable personality trait, represents a specific protective factor in relation to stress. The aim of the study was to determine the differences in the experience of stress and in the aspects of hardiness among the sample of positively selected police officers and nurses/medical technicians who work and study simultaneously. A comparative study was conducted on intentional samples of 75 nurses in Dubrovnik and on 63 police officers in Zagreb. The questionnaires Stress Test and Short Hardiness Scale were administered to participants. Principal component analysis revealed the presence of two components of stress: fatigue/lack of control and nutrition/sleep difficulties. Nurses experienced more stress in both components, but they also had greater mental strength in the aspect of commitment. Gender differences in both stress components suggested a greater level of stress in women, who also exhibited a more pronounced degree of commitment. Higher level of stress in nurses and women can be attributed to higher average stress in the medical profession and to the dual role of modern women, irrespective of their profession. © 2014, Institute of Safety Research and Development. All rights reserved.


At the global level awareness about economic models that are not very good and successfully generate only inequality becomes more and more apparent. At the same time the awareness of the fact that ecological problems always have consequences increases. It is important we become aware that the abovementioned is the problem of ours and that it is us who can do some changes. Some social movements, such as solidarity economy for example, try to change the existing situation and to offer different and better solutions. Although ideas represented by solidarity economy may seem idealistic and unattainable some practices show the changes can be achieved, first of all at the micro level. The community-supported agriculture is just one of the forms of such solidarity practice having transformative potential. Although it is easy to describe such communities as a form of alternative network of food provisioning (primarily organic one) directly from a producer, the community-supported agriculture has much wider meaning. It encourages not only the ecological production of food friendly to people and environment; it contributes to equal partnership relations between buyers and producers as well, thus creating solidarity and trust among people. In other countries such communities have been existing for many years but in Croatia they have appeared in the last five years. This paper deals with some of the results referring to the research of community-supported agriculture in the broader area of Zagreb County.

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