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Zagreb, Croatia

The main objective of this study was to determine differences in the attitudes towards inclusion of children with disabilities among teachers in kindergartens according to age groups. The intentional sample of kindergarten teachers in Osijek and Zagreb were examined using the Expert Images about Inclusion of Children with Development Disabilities questionnaire. Dimensions of attitudes and beliefs about inclusion are mutually mainly low, but significantly and positively correlated. It turned out that older kindergarten teachers showed significantly more pronounced bias toward inclusion, but they knew more about the philosophy of inclusion and about the inclusion estimating criteria. On the other hand, younger kindergarten teachers believed that they had greater personal and professional competence to work in terms of inclusion. The existence of age differences in preschool teachers in the attitudes towards the inclusion determines the possibility of conceiving a differentiated educational program of inclusion. Source

The main objective of this study was to identify the factors related to sports tourism in the observers (passive sport consumers) and competitors (active sport consumers) in the World Championship in Windsurfing Class Formula 2013, in Viganj on the peninsula of Pelješac, to determine the relationship between these factors and socio-demographic variables and to determine differences in these factors in relation to several independent variables. The sample of twenty-one competitors, together with a sample of twenty one observers of this sport event were examined, using the Questionnaire on sports tourism and Athlete’s identity measurement scale. A major sports tourism motives of participants and observers in this sport event were obtained. It turned out that at the observers and the competitors, the importance of the benefits of sports and tourist destinations dominated, comparing with its limitations. Pull factors, i.e. advanced sports and travel motives dominate in competitors. It is possible that the educated sports observers are also more responsible and show the trend of “external” forms of entertainment, as compared with less educated observers. Sports identity is medium, high and positively correlated with the level of education. Women expressed more sophisticated pulling tourist motifs, such as the acquisition of knowledge about the destination. © 2014, University of Dubronvnik. All rights reserved. Source

The experience of the beach as territory is relatively rarely investigated an issue, especially within Croatian framework. The objectives of the research have been: the construction of the questionnaire Territorialism on the beaches, which covers three types of Altman’s concept of territoriality (1) to determine the differences in the dimensions of the questionnaire (three types of the territory), with regard to gender, place of residence, type of beach, and the type of occupation (2); to determine the relationship between aspects of territoriality (latent dimensions obtained by factorization of the questionnaire) and the age and work experience (3). A comparative study has been conducted on a sample of 83 participants (40 males and 43 females) from Dubrovnik, using the questionnaire Territorialism on the beaches. The questionnaire has been successfully constructed and it has demonstrated good psychometric properties. The resulting latent dimensions clearly represent three dimensions of subjective affiliation to the beaches: primary, secondary and public territory. In relation to three dimensions of the questionnaire, no gender differences have been found, as well as no statistically significant correlations with age and work experience. Also, the beach as a primary territory is more often experienced by the residents of the old city (as compared to those who live in other locations), and with those who visit “cult” urban beaches such as Danče, Šulić, Porporela and Bellevue. © 2015 University of Dubronvnik. All rights reserved. Source

Pavlovic Z.,Kralja Zvonimira 71 | Sindik J.,Institute za Antropologiju
Sigurnost | Year: 2014

A significant factor that can adversely affect the daily operation of teachers and the quality of the relationship with the children in their care is the stress that teachers experience on the job. Stress experienced at work is not a simple product of exposure to adverse environmental factors. Of extreme importance are the personality traits of the teacher and the way they impact the ways of coping with stress. The aim of this study was to examine the possibility of forecasting situational coping with stress (criteria) on the basis of predictors such as personality traits of the preschool teachers (optimism/pessimism, emotional competence, self-efficacy), seniority, dispositional style of coping with stress and how teachers perceive different sources of stress on the job. The participants were 336 preschool teachers from Split-Dalmatia County. The following measuring instruments were applied: Scale for assessing stress of preschool teachers, Optimism-pessimism scale of general self-efficacy, Social desirability scale, Emotional competence questionnaire EUK-15, Questionnaire on coping with stressful situations and Questionnaire and coping with stressful situations. The results showed that dispositional coping mechanism focused on emotions, personality traits such as self efficacy (to a lesser extent), and seniority significantly contribute to situational coping with stress. The only significant predictor of job satisfaction turned out to be the intensity of the perceived stress. The findings contribute to a better understanding of stress among preschool teachers. This understanding can help in the design and improvement of programs for the prevention of stress, i.e. for developing and adopting effective strategies, coping skills and for promoting better social interaction. © 2014, Institute of Safety Research and Development. All rights reserved. Source

The overall objective of the study was to determine the attitudes associated with issues about the production of wheat. We have analyzed the responses of 130 wheat producers from the five counties of eastern Croatia, deliberately chosen from the Farm Register. The questionnaire contained several themes: Country-policyagricultural production, Production Technology-Economy, Purchase of wheat and Wheat production and impact of EU accession. It appears that participants have the most positive attitudes in the aspect of Production Technology- Economy, and the most negative in the aspect of Country-policy-agricultural production. In the aspect of Production Technology-Economy, more positive attitudes have participants who work in economies with a large number of members (more than 5). Low to medium high positive significant correlations, found between certain aspects of attitudes about wheat production, suggest that the attitudes to all questions related to the production of wheat are similar. Older workers (age group 61-80 years) have a negative attitude to the aspects of Production Technology- Economy and Wheat production and impact of EU accession. Among the links between certain aspects of attitudes on wheat production with selected agroeconomics indicators, highlights the finding that some of these indicators are negatively associated with private ownership of land, and positively with the lease of the land, in separate aspects of Production Technology-Economy, Purchase wheat and Influence of entry into the EU. © 2014, Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek. All rights reserved. Source

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