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Sampedro A.,Institute Universitari Dinvestigacioen Ciencies Of La Salut Iunics | Villalonga-Planells R.,Institute Universitari Dinvestigacioen Ciencies Of La Salut Iunics | Vega M.,Institute Universitari Dinvestigacioen Ciencies Of La Salut Iunics | Ramis G.,Institute Universitari Dinvestigacioen Ciencies Of La Salut Iunics | And 7 more authors.
Bioconjugate Chemistry | Year: 2014

Cell internalization is a major issue in drug design. Although squaramide-based compounds are receiving much attention because of their interesting bioactivity, cell uptake and trafficking within cells of this type of compounds are still unknown. In order to monitor the cell internalization process of cyclosquaramide compounds we have prepared two fluorescent probes by covalently linking a fluorescent dye (BODIPY derivative or fluorescein) to a noncytotoxic cyclosquaramide framework. These two probes (C2-BDP and C2-FITC) rapidly internalize across live cell membranes through endocytic receptor-mediated mechanisms. Due to its higher fluorescence and photochemical stability, C2-BDP is a superior dye than C2-FITC. C2-BDP remains sequestered in late endosomes allowing their fast and selective imaging in various live cell types. Cyclosquaramide-cell membrane interactions facilitate cell uptake and have been investigated by binding studies in solution as well as in live cells. Cyclosquaramide 1 (C2-BDP) can be used as a highly fluorescent probe for the rapid and selective imaging of late endosomes in live cells. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

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