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Correa A.L.,Federal University of Fluminense | Senna J.P.M.,Laboratorio Of Tecnologia Recombinante | de Sousa A.P.B.,Institute Tecnologia em Imunobiologicos
Cytotechnology | Year: 2015

Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) are high added value glycoproteins recommended for immunotherapy, diagnosis, and also for the treatment of bacterial infections resistant to multiple drugs such as Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In addition to environmental conditions related to cell cultures, the intrinsic characteristics of hybridoma cells, like the secretion stability of monoclonal antibodies by the cells through successive subcultures, are relevant for the characterization of cell lines related to the productivity of mAb. The rate of mAb production differs significantly between different cell lines and different passage numbers, and it is an important variable in characterization of cell lines. In order to find a more robust, faster-growing, and higher-productivity cell line of hybridoma, cultivations in 24-well plates were performed in different subculture periods, or cell passages (P), of hybridoma cells producing MRSA anti-PBP2a monoclonal antibodies [MRSA-antiPBP2a (mAb)]. The objective of this study was to study the effects of cell growth and production of MRSA-antiPBP2a mAb secreted by murine hybridoma cells grown in different passages as well as determine the which passages the hybridomas can be cultivated without harming their growth and productivity. So, cell growth profiles of hybridomas secreting MRSA-antiPBP2a (mAb) and the production of MRSA-antiPBP2a mAb in different subculture periods or cell passages (P) were studied. Cell growth tests, monoclonal antibody productivity, and metabolite characteristics revealed substantial differences in those cells kept between P10 and P50. Similarities in the secretion of monoclonal antibody, growth, and metabolic profiles, were noted in the MRSA-antiPBP2a mAb producing hybridoma cells kept between P10 and P20. Also, glucose consumption (g/L) and lactate production (g/L) in the latter cell cultures were monitored daily through biochemical analyzer. As of P30, it was observed a 4.4 times reduction in productivity, a 13 % reduction in metabolic yield, and a significant change in cell growth. Secretion of MRSA-antiPBP2a mAb should be obtained through the culture of hybridomas up to P20 in order to keep its stability. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht Source

Bonaldo M.C.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Molecular Of Flavivirus | Sequeira P.C.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Molecular Of Flavivirus | Galler R.,Institute Tecnologia em Imunobiologicos
Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics | Year: 2014

The live-attenuated yellow fever 17D virus is one of the most outstanding human vaccines ever developed. It induces efficacious immune responses at a low production cost with a well-established manufacture process. These advantages make the YF17D virus attractive as a vector for the development of new vaccines. At the beginning of vector development studies, YF17D was genetically manipulated to express other flavivirus prM and E proteins, components of the viral envelope. While these 17D recombinants are based on the substitution of equivalent YF17D genes, other antigens from unrelated pathogens have also been successfully expressed and delivered by recombinant YF17D viruses employing alternative strategies for genetic manipulation of the YF17D genome. Herein, we discuss these strategies in terms of possibilities of single epitope or larger sequence expression and the main properties of these replication-competent viral platforms. © 2014 Landes Bioscience. Source

Sousa A.P.B.,Institute Tecnologia em Imunobiologicos | Moraes R.H.P.,Instituto Butantan | Mendonca R.Z.,Instituto Butantan
Cytotechnology | Year: 2015

The baculovirus Anticarsia gemmatalis nucleopolyhedrovirus (AgMNPV), a member of the family Baculoviridae, has been widely applied as a biopesticide for the control of the velvetbean caterpillar, a pest of soybean crop field. Baculoviruses are considered safe and efficient agents for this purpose, because they do not infect vertebrates, being safe for the health of humans and animals, as well as to the environment. The objective of this work was to identify proteins obtained from Lonomia obliqua hemolymph with potential application in the optimization of baculovirus AgMNPV replication in Sf9 insect cell culture. In this work the improvement of the cell culture and viral replication of the AgMNPV baculovirus was observed when Grace medium was supplemented with 10 % (v/v) Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS), 1 % (v/v) hemolymph extract, or 3 % (v/v) of hemolymph fractions or hemolymph sub-fractions obtained by purifying hemolymph through High Performance Liquid Chromatography. Hemolymph presented a positive effect on the synthesis of polyhedra and enhanced baculovirus replication in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells (TCID50/mL), and led to Sf9 cell culture improvement. Grace medium supplemented with 10 % (v/v) FBS and 1 % (v/v) hemolymph provided an increase of baculovirus replication, when the cells were infected with multiplicity of infection of 1. In this case, the baculovirus replication was 6,443.91 times greater than that obtained with the control: Grace medium supplemented with 10 % (v/v) FBS. In addition, this work suggests that hemolymph from L. obliqua could have an interesting application in biotechnology, due to an increase in the viability of the cells and virus replication. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Grimaldi Jr. G.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Teva A.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Porrozzi R.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Pinto M.A.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | And 7 more authors.
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2014

Background:Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a severe vector-born disease of humans and dogs caused by Leishmania donovani complex parasites. Approximately 0.2 to 0.4 million new human VL cases occur annually worldwide. In the new world, these alarming numbers are primarily due to the impracticality of current control methods based on vector reduction and dog euthanasia. Thus, a prophylactic vaccine appears to be essential for VL control. The current efforts to develop an efficacious vaccine include the use of animal models that are as close to human VL. We have previously reported a L. infantum-macaque infection model that is reliable to determine which vaccine candidates are most worthy for further development. Among the few amastigote antigens tested so far, one of specific interest is the recombinant A2 (rA2) protein that protects against experimental L. infantum infections in mice and dogs.Methodology/Principal Findings:Primates were vaccinated using three rA2-based prime-boost immunization regimes: three doses of rA2 plus recombinant human interleukin-12 (rhIL-12) adsorbed in alum (rA2/rhIL-12/alum); two doses of non-replicative adenovirus recombinant vector encoding A2 (Ad5-A2) followed by two boosts with rA2/rhIL-12/alum (Ad5-A2+rA2/rhIL12/alum); and plasmid DNA encoding A2 gene (DNA-A2) boosted with two doses of Ad5-A2 (DNA-A2+Ad5-A2). Primates received a subsequent infectious challenge with L. infantum. Vaccines, apart from being safe, were immunogenic as animals responded with increased pre-challenge production of anti-A2-specific IgG antibodies, though with some variability in the response, depending on the vaccine formulation/protocol. The relative parasite load in the liver was significantly lower in immunized macaques as compared to controls. Protection correlated with hepatic granuloma resolution, and reduction of clinical symptoms, particularly when primates were vaccinated with the Ad5-A2+rA2/rhIL12/alum protocol.Conclusions/Significance:The remarkable clinical protection induced by A2 in an animal model that is evolutionary close to humans qualifies this antigen as a suitable vaccine candidate against human VL. © 2014 Grimaldi Jr et al. Source

de Souza Crespo I.C.,Institute Tecnologia em Imunobiologicos | de Souza Crespo I.C.,Federal University of Fluminense | de Resende M.T.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Analitica Fundamental E Aplicada | Pereira Netto A.D.,Federal University of Fluminense | And 3 more authors.
Electrophoresis | Year: 2015

A method based on CZE for the determination of glutamic acid, glycine, and alanine in a biopharmaceutical formulation containing recombinant human erythropoietin was developed. The separation was achieved within less than 5 min, using a fused-silica capillary column (55 cm × 50 μm id) and 30 mmol/L phosphate buffer at pH 11.5, containing 0.6 mmol/L CTAB and 10% v/v methanol, as BGE solution. Applied potential of -25 kV, temperature of 15°C and hydrodynamic injection time of 15 s, at 50 mbar, were employed. The detection of the analytes was carried out without any derivatization reaction, at 220~nm using an UV-DAD detector. Linear ranges from 50 to 2500 mg/L and quantification limits of 40, 39, and 37 mg/L were obtained for glutamic acid, glycine, and alanine, respectively. Sample preparation required only a dilution step. Considering peak area and migration time values, the method presented good repeatability (RSD <1.7%; n = 9) and intermediate precision (RSD <1.0%; n = 6). Recovery evaluation using a commercial sample led to values between 97.5 ± 5.2% and 101.5 ± 4.6%, demonstrating the feasibility of the method, which was successfully applied in the quantification of the amino acids of interest in biopharmaceutical samples. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

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