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Moschetta J.-M.,Institute Superieur Of Laeronautique
International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation

Micro air vehicles raise numerous design problems associated to the size reduction: lower aerodynamic and propulsion efficiencies, higher sensitivity to atmospheric turbulence, low-density energy of electric propulsion, etc. The paper discusses some of the most important design issues and analyses the aerodynamic challenges encountered in the field of MAVs. A number of novel aerodynamic configurations combining rotors and fixed-wing are proposed and discussed in order to recover efficiency and maneuverability at low speeds. © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Source

Mohd-Zawawi F.,Institute Superieur Of Laeronautique | Lv P.,Institute Superieur Of Laeronautique | Prothin S.,Institute Superieur Of Laeronautique | Morlier J.,ISAE University | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation

This paper is concerned with the evaluation of design techniques, both for the propulsive performance and for the structural behaviour of a composite flexible proprotor. A numerical model was developed using a combination of aerodynamic model based on blade element momentum theory (BEMT), and structural model based on anisotropic beam finite element, in order to evaluate the coupled structural and the aerodynamic characteristics of the deformable proprotor blade. The numerical model was then validated by means of static performance measurements and shape reconstruction from laser distance sensor outputs. From the validation results of both aerodynamic and structural model, it can be concluded that the numerical approach developed by the authors is valid as a reliable tool for designing and analysing the UAV-sized proprotor made of composite material. The proposed experiment technique is also capable of providing a predictive and reliable data in blade geometry and performance for rotor modes. © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Source

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