Time filter

Source Type

Antananarivo, Madagascar

Ramananarivo R.,University of Antananarivo | Ramananarivo R.,Institute Superieur Of La Communication | Rapanoel D.K.,University of Antananarivo | Ramananarivo S.,University of Antananarivo | Andriamanalina S.I.,University of Antananarivo
Acta Horticulturae

The district of Bekily in the Southern part of Madagascar is subjected to seasonal food insecurity, with a prevalence rate of 4.1. Although farmers primarily grow food crops for their own consumption, they also produce onion and peanut. Earlier reports showed that farmers grow onion and peanut in a sporadic way. However, these two cultures also fit well with the agro-ecological conditions of this region. The current study reveals that the traditional techniques of onion and peanut production have a low growth rate, and the production quantity is relatively low. Therefore, the development of their production has the potential to significantly increase the local population income. In fact, farmers will likely be able to purchase food by using the onion sale. The study aims to contribute to the process of finding an economic and social strategy to eradicate rural poverty. The culture of onion and peanut are chosen to differentiate farmers. The plan of the study is to come up with an adequate exploitation development strategy. The Boston Consulting Group matrix reveals a significant importance of onion and peanut compared to other food crops. We used the multi-factorial analysis for the farmers' typology. A technicaleconomic modelling is required to determine exploitations' strategies. An extension program has been undertaken while studies demonstrate that these two activities are profitable. The exploitations are classified in four types: subsistence strategy, family labour compensation strategy, maximization of value added per surface unit, and profit maximization strategy. The model gives the optimal surface for each culture and each farmer type. Source

Ramananarivo S.,University of Antananarivo | Andriamanalina S.I.,University of Antananarivo | Raharijaona J.L.,University of Antananarivo | Ralihalizara J.,University of Antananarivo | And 2 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae

The East coast of Madagascar is famous for the quality of its litchi fruit and its honey. The annual litchi production, approximately 40,000 t fruit and 10 t honey justifies an economic study on the externalities of this sector. The objective of the study consists of verifying the hypothesis that positive externalities should motivate farmers towards the two products. Preliminary studies of the two sectors have been conducted in one district only. To determine the externalities, a model along with profitability analysis has been designed. The study of the two products intended to end up with one combined sector "litchi fruit and honey". Litchi fruit production is positively correlated to the amount of honey harvested. The study of externalities along with profitability analysis has revealed that investment in growing litchi trees is also beneficial to honey production. The combination of these two products generates double economic income while ensuring a significant increase in production of mono floral honey. Moreover, if litchi production complies with Global GAP standards, it will open markets for mono floral honey export. Source

Ramananarivo R.,University of Antananarivo | Ramananarivo R.,Institute Superieur Of La Communication | Ramananarivo S.,University of Antananarivo | Ramananarivo S.,Institute Superieur Of La Communication | And 3 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae

Madagascar offers considerable agro-ecological potential in agricultural production, especially in fruit. This led the country as the top leader on the European market. However, fruit quality is not yet mastered by the actors of the channel. The new European Union regulations to respond to GlobalGAP (EurepGAP) fruits and vegetables traceability requirement constrains exporters to keep on their activities and to reach new trades. Realizing procedures normalization of the production is among the domesticated agricultural system and efficient agricultural practice principles. To prevent fruits exportation from declining, the matter to deal with is how the Malagasy fruits exploitation could make enough profit for the development, the sustainability and the challenge of the channel. The diagnosis of the traditional farmers required by the GlobalGAP has been done; the results were mostly insufficient. The studies of another firm "MCO Trade" which adopted the requirements of GlobalGAP showed more accurate results. Source

Discover hidden collaborations