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Alvarado-Esquivel C.,Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango | Liesenfeld O.,Institute for Microbiology and Hygiene | Burciaga-Lopez B.D.,Institute Seguridad Y Servicios Sociales Of Los Trabajadores Del Estado Issste | Ramos-Nevarez A.,Institute Seguridad Y Servicios Sociales Of Los Trabajadores Del Estado Issste | And 5 more authors.
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases | Year: 2012

Whereas it is well-known that the seroprevalence of infection with Toxoplasma gondii increases with age, details of the seroepidemiology of infection in elderly people are largely unknown. Anti-T. gondii IgG and IgM antibody levels were determined in 483 subjects aged ≥60 years old in Durango City, Mexico, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Socio-demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics from each participant were also obtained. In total, 58 (12%) of 483 participants (mean age 70.35±6.63 years) had anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies, and 14 (2.9%) also had anti-T. gondii IgM antibodies. Seroprevalence of infection varied significantly with age, birthplace, and educational level. Seroprevalence increased with age, especially in women (p=0.01), and was higher in subjects born outside of Durango State than those born within Durango State (p=0.008). Seroprevalence was higher in men with up to 12 years of education than in men with more than 12 years of education (p=0.01). Multivariate analysis of behavioral data showed a positive association of T. gondii infection with the presence of cats in the neighborhood, as well as consumption of boar, pigeon, iguana, and armadillo meats, and chorizo. Gender-specific analysis showed the described associations in women but not in men. In contrast, consumption of beef showed a negative association with T. gondii infection. This is the first report of the seroprevalence and contributing factors for T. gondii infection in elderly people, and of an association of the consumption of armadillo and iguana meats with T. gondii infection. Our results will provide the basis for the design of optimal preventive measures against T. gondii infection. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Aceves Palma J.L.,Institute Seguridad Y Servicios Sociales Of Los Trabajadores Del Estado Issste | Garcia Vega S.,Institute Seguridad Y Servicios Sociales Of Los Trabajadores Del Estado Issste | Pedraza Aviles A.G.,National Autonomous University of Mexico
Neurologia, Neurocirugia y Psiquiatria | Year: 2011

Objectives. To identify the insatisfaction of the corporal image and the self perception in teenagers in a high school in Mexico City. Material and methods. Design: Prospective, cross sectional and analytical study. Population: Students of a high school in the southeast of Mexico City. Probabilistic Sampling in students from 9 to 14 years old. Activities: Has been requested a consignment letter signature and it there were applied a self perception and Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) Statistical Analysis: It has been used Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients. Significance level of 0.05. Statistical Program SPSS version 17. Results. 253 students with an age average of 13.1 ±0.8. 25 students had negative insatisfaction of their image. Regarding their corporal image, the 60.5% perceived themselves with a normal corporal image, the 20.2% thin, a 17.4% with overweight, and only 2% with obesity. In the analysis between both parameters it has been obtained a moderated correlation (0.516) with statistical significance (p &λε; 0.041). Conclusions. Although it has been obtained low percentages in the corporal insatisfaction and self perception, the findings obtained have implications for the prevention and treatment of the psychological disorders of the teenagers with modifications in the distortion of their corporal image, particularly those that manifested levels of insatisfaction with their highest image.


Ramirez-Galindo I.A.,Institute Seguridad Y Servicios Sociales Of Los Trabajadores Del Estado Issste | Alias-Melgar A.,Institute Seguridad Y Servicios Sociales Of Los Trabajadores Del Estado Issste | Carreno-de la Rosa F.,Institute Seguridad Y Servicios Sociales Of Los Trabajadores Del Estado Issste | Pelayo-Nieto M.,Institute Seguridad Y Servicios Sociales Of Los Trabajadores Del Estado Issste | And 3 more authors.
Revista Mexicana de Urologia | Year: 2015

Background: The R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry Scoring System was developed as an imaging tool in the therapeutic approach to solid renal masses that enables a reproducible and quantitative evaluation of their anatomic characteristics. Methods: The surgical implications, complications, and histopathologic results were retrospectively analyzed in 38 patients that underwent nephron-sparing surgery for solid renal masses at the CMN 20 de Noviembre. The grade of complexity of the renal masses was calculated according to the R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry Scoring System, subdividing the sample into 3 tumor complexity subgroups: low (4 to 6), moderate (7 to 9), and high (10 to 12). Results: There was a positive correlation between radiologic tumor complexity and the Fuhrman histologic grade (0.8283, 95%CI 0.6918-0.9076), intraoperative blood loss (0.7073, 95%CI 0.5009-0.8376), required intraoperative ischemia time (0.6627, 95%CI 0.4352-0-0.8107), and overall surgical complication rate (0.5944, 95%CI 0.3392-0.7681). Conclusions: Our results showed a correlation between surgical implication and radiologic complexity grade in renal masses. The reproducibility of and access to this tool make it useful in the prediction of surgical results, along with its having an impact on renal mass oncologic management. © 2014 Sociedad Mexicana de Urología.


PubMed | Institute Seguridad Y Servicios Sociales Of Los Trabajadores Del Estado Issste and Hospital Regional < >
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Acta ortopedica mexicana | Year: 2016

The appearance of patellofemoral pain after a knee arthroplasty, particularly in rheumatic diseases, resulted in the incorporation of the substitution of the patellar component in all designs. The replacement of the patella became a standard part of knee arthroplasty, but the controversy over whether to restore it or not continues among orthopedists that perform knee arthroplasties.To analyze the incidence of anterior knee pain in patients who underwent primary knee arthroplasty with or without replacement of the patellar component.Observational, retrospective, descriptive and transversal study from January 2011 to December 2013.A total of 54 patients were included, 12 men (with an average age of 63 years) and 42 women (with an average age of 71 years), totaling 64 knees that were surgically intervened.This study found no significant difference in anterior knee pain and in the function of the patellofemoral joint and the knee in the groups of patients who were tested with the different scales.

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