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San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina

Volentini S.I.,Instituto Superior Of Investigaciones Biologicas | Volentini S.I.,Institute Quimica Biologica Dr Bernabe Bloj | Farias R.N.,Instituto Superior Of Investigaciones Biologicas | Farias R.N.,Institute Quimica Biologica Dr Bernabe Bloj | And 4 more authors.

Copper is both an essential nutrient and a toxic element able to catalyze free radicals formation which damage lipids and proteins. Although the available copper redox species in aerobic environment is Cu(II), proteins that participate in metal homeostasis use Cu(I). With isolated Escherichia coli membranes, we have previously shown that electron flow through the respiratory chain promotes cupric ions reduction by NADH dehydrogenase-2 and quinones. Here, we determined Cu(II)-reductase activity by whole cells using strains deficient in these respiratory chain components. Measurements were done by the appearance of Cu(I) in the supernatants of cells exposed to sub-lethal Cu(II) concentrations. In the absence of quinones, the Cu(II)-reduction rate decreased ~70% in respect to the wild-type strain, while this diminution was about 85% in a strain lacking both NDH-2 and quinones. The decrease was ~10% in the absence of only NDH-2. In addition, we observed that quinone deficient strains failed to grow in media containing either excess or deficiency of copper, as we have described for NDH-2 deficient mutants. Thus, the Cu(II)-reduction by E. coli intact cells is mainly due to quinones and to a lesser extent to NDH-2, in a quinone-independent way. To our knowledge, this is the first in vivo demonstration of the involvement of E. coli respiratory components in the Cu(II)-reductase activity which contributes to the metal homeostasis. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Cortez L.M.,CONICET | Cortez L.M.,Institute Quimica Biologica Dr Bernabe Bloj | Avila C.L.,CONICET | Avila C.L.,Institute Quimica Biologica Dr Bernabe Bloj | And 8 more authors.
FEBS Letters

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a multifunctional enzyme related with Huntington's, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. The ability of negatively charged membranes to induce a rapid formation of GAPDH amyloid fibrils has been demonstrated, but the mechanisms by which GAPDH reaches the fibrillar state remains unclear. In this report, we describe the structural changes undergone by GAPDH at physiological pH and temperature conditions right from its interaction with acidic membranes until the amyloid fibril is formed. According to our results, the GAPDH-membrane binding induces a β-structuring process along with a loss of quaternary structure in the enzyme. In this way, experimental evidences on the initial steps of GAPDH amyloid fibrils formation pathway are provided. © 2009 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Source

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