Institute Pesquisa Pele Pequeno Principe

Curitiba, Brazil

Institute Pesquisa Pele Pequeno Principe

Curitiba, Brazil
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De Almeida S.M.,Federal University of Paraná | De Almeida S.M.,Institute Pesquisa Pele Pequeno Principe
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria | Year: 2015

The nervous system plays an important role in HIV infection. The purpose of this review is to discuss the indications for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis in HIV infection in clinical practice. CSF analysis in HIV infection is indicated for the diagnosis of opportunistic infections and co-infections, diagnosis of meningitis caused by HIV, quantification of HIV viral load, and analysis of CNS HIV compartmentalization. Although several CSF biomarkers have been investigated, none are clinically applicable. The capacity of HIV to generate genetic diversity, in association with the constitutional characteristics of the CNS, facilitates the generation of HIV quasispecies in the CNS that are distinct from HIV in the systemic circulation. CSF analysis has a well-defined and valuable role in the diagnosis of CNS infections in HIV/AIDS patients. Further research is necessary to establish a clinically applicable biomarker for the diagnosis of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. © 2015 Associacao Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. All rights reserved.

Doghman M.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Doghman M.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | Figueiredo B.C.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Figueiredo B.C.,Federal University of Paraná | And 5 more authors.
Nucleic Acids Research | Year: 2013

Steroidogenic Factor-1 (SF-1) is a nuclear receptor that has a pivotal role in the development of adrenal glands and gonads and in the control of steroid hormone production, being also implicated in the pathogenesis of adrenocortical tumors. We have analyzed the mechanisms how SF-1 controls gene expression in adrenocortical cells and showed that it regulates different categories of genes according to its dosage. Significant correlations exist between the localization of SF-1-binding sites in chromatin under different dosage conditions and dosage-dependent regulation of gene expression. Our study revealed unexpected functional interactions between SF-1 and Neuron-Restrictive Silencer Factor/RE1-Silencing Transcription Factor (NRSF/REST), which was first characterized as a repressor of neuronal gene expression in non-neuronal tissues, in the regulation of gene expression in steroidogenic cells. When overexpressed, SF-1 reshapes the repertoire of NRSF/REST - regulated genes, relieving repression of key steroidogenic genes. These data show that NRSF/REST has a novel function in regulating gene expression in steroidogenic cells and suggest that it may have a broad role in regulating tissue-specific gene expression programs. © 2013 The Author(s) 2013.

Lalli E.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Lalli E.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | Figueiredo B.C.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Figueiredo B.C.,Federal University of Paraná | Figueiredo B.C.,Institute Pesquisa Pele Pequeno Principe
Frontiers in Endocrinology | Year: 2015

Adrenocortical tumors (ACT) in children are very rare and are most frequently diagnosed in the context of the Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a multiple cancer syndrome linked to germline mutations of the tumor suppressor gene TP53 with loss of heterozygosity in the tumors. A peak of children ACT incidence is present in the states of southern Brazil, where they are linked to the high prevalence in the population of a specific TP53 mutation (R337H). Children ACT have specific features distinguishing them from adult tumors in their pathogenetic mechanisms, genomic profiles, and prognosis. Epidemiological and molecular evidence suggests that in most cases they are derived from the fetal adrenal. © 2015 Lalli and Figueiredo.

de Andrea C.E.,University of Sao Paulo | Petrilli A.S.,Federal University of São Paulo | Jesus-Garcia R.,University of Sao Paulo | Bleggi-Torres L.F.,Federal University of Paraná | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology | Year: 2011

Osteosarcoma is the most frequent primary malignant bone tumor. Distinct histological features are distinguishable based on the morphology of the tumor. Differences in nuclei size and shape are often observed in osteosarcoma reflecting its broad histopathological heterogeneity. This study explores the relevance of two nuclear parameters in osteosarcoma: large area and round shape. Computerized nuclear morphometry was performed in 56 conventional osteosarcoma preoperative biopsies. The mean patient follow-up time was 35.1 months. Based on the nuclear area, no significant difference (P = 0.09) in overall survival between patients with large (≥ 42.5 μm2) and small (< 42.5 μm2) tumor nuclei was found. However, when cases with large and round nuclei were analyzed jointly (≥ 42.5 μm2 and coefficient of nuclear roundness ≥ 0.7), these two parameters together were likely to be a predictive factor (P = 0.05). Osteosarcoma patients with large and round tumor nuclei had a better outcome than patients with small and polymorphic (ovoid or spindle-shaped) nuclei. In this study, nuclear morphometry proved to be a useful tool to shed light on the biology of osteosarcoma showing that some morphometric parameters can be easily applied to help identifying patients with a good prognosis.

PubMed | Federal University of Paraná, Pontifical Catholic University of Parana, Institute Pesquisa Pele Pequeno Principe and Laboratorio Municipal Of Curitiba
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2016

Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) pulmonary infections have high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to compare different methods for identification of Bcc species isolated from paediatric CF patients. Oropharyngeal swabs from children with CF were used to obtain isolates of Bcc samples to evaluate six different tests for strain identification. Conventional (CPT) and automatised (APT) phenotypic tests, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-recA, restriction fragment length polymorphism-recA, recA sequencing, and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) were applied. Bacterial isolates were also tested for antimicrobial susceptibility. PCR-recA analysis showed that 36 out of the 54 isolates were Bcc. Kappa index data indicated almost perfect agreement between CPT and APT, CPT and PCR-recA, and APT and PCR-recA to identify Bcc, and MALDI-TOF and recA sequencing to identify Bcc species. The recA sequencing data and the MALDI-TOF data agreed in 97.2% of the isolates. Based on recA sequencing, the most common species identified were Burkholderia cenocepacia IIIA (33.4%),Burkholderia vietnamiensis (30.6%), B. cenocepaciaIIIB (27.8%), Burkholderia multivorans (5.5%), and B. cepacia (2.7%). MALDI-TOF proved to be a useful tool for identification of Bcc species obtained from CF patients, although it was not able to identify B. cenocepacia subtypes.

PubMed | Federal University of Paraná, Federal University of Grande Dourados, Paranaense University, Institute Pesquisa Pele Pequeno Principe and State University of Ponta Grossa
Type: | Journal: Journal of ethnopharmacology | Year: 2016

Although Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J. F. Macbr. is used in Brazilian folk medicine in the treatment of atherosclerosis and circulatory disorders, no study evaluating these effects has been conducted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible hypolipemiant and antiatherogenic activity of the ethanol soluble fraction obtained from C. carthagenensis (ES-CC) in an experimental atherosclerosis model using New Zealand (NZ) rabbits undergoing cholesterol-rich diet (CRD).Dyslipidemia and atherogenesis were induced by administration of standard commercial diet increased of 1% cholesterol (CRD) for 8 weeks. ES-CC was orally administered at doses of 10, 30 and 100mg/kg, once daily for four weeks, starting from the 4th week of CRD diet. Body weight measurements were weekly carried out from the beginning of experiments for 8 weeks. Serum levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and their fractions (LDL-C, VLDL-C and HDL-C) were measured at the beginning of experiments and at weeks four and eight. After euthanasia of rabbits, aorta segments (aortic arc, thoracic, abdominal and iliac segments) were macroscopically and microscopically evaluated and the intima and media layers of the arteries were measured. Additionally, the antioxidant activity of ES-CC and its influence on the functioning of hepatic antioxidant enzymes were also determined.CRD induced dyslipidemia and major structural changes in the aortic wall. In addition, an increase in lipid peroxidation and a reduction of hepatic glutathione and serum nitrite levels were observed. Treatment with ES-CC was able to prevent the increase in TC, LDL-C, VLDL-C levels and triglycerides and promoted an increase in HDL-C levels in NZ rabbits. These effects were accompanied by a significant reduction in oxidative stress and modulation of the catalase and superoxide dismutase function. Moreover, the intima and media layers of the arterial segments were significantly reduced by ES-CC treatment.This study demonstrated that ES-CC reduces serum lipids and hepatic oxidative stress when orally administered to NZ rabbits. In addition, it was able to prevent the development of CRD-induced atherosclerosis.

Pinto E.M.,Outreach | Pinto E.M.,St Jude Childrens Research Hospital | Ribeiro R.C.,Outreach | Ribeiro R.C.,St Jude Childrens Research Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Genes and Cancer | Year: 2011

Although the majority of pediatric malignancies express wild-type p53, it is well established that germline TP53 mutations or functional inactivation of this pathway by other means contribute to childhood cancer. Epidemiology studies have revealed the existence of diverse inherited mutant TP53 alleles that display different levels of tumor suppressor activity, which correlate with cancer risk in terms of penetrance, age of onset, and tumor types. In this monograph, the authors describe those childhood cancers associated with functional inactivation of TP53 focusing on adrenocortical carcinoma as a model for tissues that are highly sensitive to loss of p53 activity. © The Author(s) 2011.

Doghman M.,Institute Of Pharmacologie Moleculaire Et Cellulaire | Doghman M.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | El Wakil A.,Institute Of Pharmacologie Moleculaire Et Cellulaire | El Wakil A.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | And 11 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2010

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) act at the posttranscriptional level to control gene expression in virtually every biological process, including oncogenesis. Here, we report the identification of a set of miRNAs that are differentially regulated in childhood adrenocortical tumors (ACT), including miR-99a and miR-100. Functional analysis of these miRNAs in ACT cell lines showed that they coordinately regulate expression of the insulin-like growth factor-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-raptor signaling pathway through binding sites in their 3′-untranslated regions. In these cells, the active Ser 2448-phosphorylated form of mTOR is present only in mitotic cells in association with the mitotic spindle and midbody in the G2-M phases of the cell cycle. Pharmacologic inhibition of mTOR signaling by everolimus greatly reduces tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Our results reveal a novel mechanism of regulation of mTOR signaling by miRNAs, and they lay the groundwork for clinical evaluation of drugs inhibiting the mTOR pathway for treatment of adrenocortical cancer. ©2010 AACR.

Stachon A.,Institute Pesquisa Pele Pequeno Principe | Da Silva I.M.,Federal University of Santa Catarina
Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy | Year: 2014

Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a prevalent condition that responds well to specialized treatment including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or serotonin reuptake inhibitors or their combination. In Brazil, the dissemination of evidence-based treatment for pediatric OCD is hindered because of the peculiarities of the health system. The presence of a multitiered health system (public, insured, and private) with insufficient investment in public mental health and relative inaccessibility of insured/private care for most of the Brazilian population make the implementation of specialized OCD treatment centers largely unavailable in Brazil. Furthermore, lack of appropriate training in child mental health, CBT, and evidencebased approaches to OCD in current psychiatry and psychology training programs further impede improvement in diagnosis and treatment. The challenges faced in the current system in Brazil will be discussed and also strategies and programs that are currently being implemented in the south of Brazil to help address the gaps in treatment for pediatric patients with OCD. © 2014 Springer Publishing Company.

De Almeida S.M.,Hospital Of Clinicas Ufpr | De Almeida S.M.,Institute Pesquisa Pele Pequeno Principe | Torres L.F.B.,Hospital Of Clinicas Da Ufpr | Torres L.F.B.,Institute Pesquisa Pele Pequeno Principe
Journal of Community Health | Year: 2011

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a common central nervous system (CNS) infection caused by Taenia solium metacestodes. The objective of this study is to describe the incidence of cysticercosis diagnosed at autopsies and describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of NCC. Retrospective study analyzing 6,500 reports of autopsies between 1977 and 1994 from a school hospital in Curitiba, PR, southern of Brazil. The following data was obtained, age, gender, site of cysticercosis, NCC as cause of death. The diagnosis of cysticercosis was established in 52 (0.8%) autopsies. From 1977 to 1987 (0.7%) and from 1988 to 1994 (1.1%). In the autopsies with cysticercosis 75% were male; age (mean ± SD) was 43 ± 20. NCC was present in 96% of cases, and seizures was the most frequent clinical manifestation. Asymptomatic cases in 54%. These data classify our area as hiperendemic, according with OMS criteria. The present study reinforces the necessity to develop adequate control programs. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.

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