Institute Pasteur Paris

Paris, France

Institute Pasteur Paris

Paris, France
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A method for keeping leukocytes alive ex vivo or in vitro, comprising maintaining the leukocytes in a medium comprising from 3 to 10 mM of glucose, in hypoxic conditions with P(02) 10 mM Hg.


The invention relates to a method of predicting therapeutic responses to anti-TNF blockers before anti-TNF therapy comprising analyzing immune parameters to selected stimuli in patients before therapy and its use for anti-TNF therapy. The invention relates also to a method of determining a predictive biomarker of response to anti-TNF therapy and to the use of the predictive biomarker obtained by the method.


Patent
Institute Pasteur Paris and University of Paris Descartes | Date: 2017-01-11

The application relates to Listerin monocytogenes, more particularly to the determination of the clone to which a L. monocytogenes isolate belongs. The means of the application involve primers and/or probes, more particularly multiplex primers. The means of the application are notably useful to assess the invasivity that said L. monocytogenes isolate might show in a human being.


Patent
Institute Pasteur Paris and Genomic Vision | Date: 2017-02-22

The present invention relates to a method of detection of the presence of at least one domain of interest on a macromolecule to test, wherein said method comprises the following steps:a) determining beforehand at least two target regions on the domain of interest, designing and obtaining corresponding labeled probes of each target region, named set of probe of the domain of interest, the position of these probes one compared to the others being chosen and forming the specific signature of said domain of interest on the macromolecule to test;b) after spreading of the macromolecule to test on which the probes obtained in step a) are bound, detection of the position one compared to the others of the probes bound on the linearized macromolecule, the detection of the signature of a domain of interest indicating the presence of said domain of interest on the macromolecule to test, and conversely the absence of detection of signature or part of signature of a domain of interest indicating the absence of said domain or part of said domain of interest on the macromolecule to test.


The invention relates to the quantitation of specific antibodies for at least one redox form of High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) contained in a biological sample, in particular human serum and/or CerebroSpinal Fluid (CSF). The invention also relates to an in vitro method for assessing the state of progression of a disease or a disorder in which HMGB1 is involved, to an in vitro method for the identification of predisposition, prognostic or diagnostic biomarkers of a disease or a disorder in which HMGB1 is involved. The invention also relates to a kit to quantitate said specific antibodies for at least one redox form of HMGB1, in particular human HMGB1.


Patent
Institute Pasteur Paris and French National Center for Scientific Research | Date: 2017-01-18

The invention relates to building a chimeric polypeptide used for preventing or treating a Flaviviridae infection. The use of the inventive chimeric polypeptide for producing recombinant viral vectors such as a measles living viral vector is also disclosed.


Patent
Institute Pasteur Paris, French Institute of Health, Medical Research and Assistance Publique Hopitaux De Paris | Date: 2017-04-19

A massive clonal expansion of activated CD8^(+) T-cells with increased frequency of HPV 16-specific CD8^(+) T-cells was discovered to be a characteristic of oral lichen planus (OLP), indicating a causal link between HPV infection and the dysimmune process. The invention relates to compositions and methods for the diagnosis and treatment of OLP patients.


Patent
Institute Pasteur Paris | Date: 2017-09-20

The present invention relates to the use of Listeriolysin S (LLS) or related Streptolysin S (SLS)-like peptides as antibacterial peptides for therapeutic and non-therapeutic purposes.


Changeux J.-P.,Institute Pasteur Paris
Nature Reviews Neuroscience | Year: 2010

The past decades have seen a revolution in our understanding of brain diseases and in particular of drug addiction. This has been largely due to the identification of neurotransmitter receptors and the development of animal models, which together have enabled the investigation of brain functions from the molecular to the cognitive level. Tobacco smoking, the principal-yet avoidable-cause of lung cancer is associated with nicotine addiction. Recent studies in mice involving deletion and replacement of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits have begun to identify the molecular mechanisms underlying nicotine addiction and might offer new therapeutic strategies to treat this addiction. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.


Etienne-Manneville S.,Institute Pasteur Paris
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology | Year: 2013

Migration is a polarized cellular process that opposes a protrusive front edge to a retracting trailing edge. From the front to the rear, actin-mediated forces sequentially promote cell protrusion, adhesion, contraction, and retraction. Over the past decade, microtubules have revealed their pivotal role in cell migration. Through their roles in cell mechanics, intracellular trafficking, and signaling, microtubules participate in all essential events leading to cell migration. The front-rear polarization of microtubule functions relies on the asymmetric regulation of microtubule dynamics and stability; the asymmetric distribution of microtubule-associated protein complexes; and finally, the orientation of the microtubule network along the axis of migration. Microtubule network polarity controls the establishment and maintenance of the spatial and temporal coordination of migration events and is therefore the key to persistent directed migration. This review summarizes our current understanding of the functions of microtubules in persistent cell migration and of the migration-associated signals that promote microtubule network polarization. © 2013 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

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