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Maktouf C.,Pasteur Institute of Tunis
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2014

Post-kidney transplant erythrocytosis (PTE) is one of the hematological complications in the renal transplant patients. While its pathogenesis still remains to be elucidated completely, a number of therapies are available for the management of PTE. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether angiogenesis may be involved in the pathogenesis of post-transplant erythrocytosis by comparing its level with those of different classes of erythrocytosis [polycythemia vera (PV), idiopathic erythrocytosis and secondary erythrocytosis]. The angiogenic activity was evaluated by the assessment of the serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels, as one of circulating angiogenic factor, using a standardized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay commercial kit in 13 PTE (2 F/11 M), in 75 untreated erythrocytosis non-transplant patients and in 21 healthy subjects controls. The results indicated that VEGF was overproduced in advanced and untreated PV patients and to a lesser degree in idiopathic erythrocytosis thus confirming an increased angiogenic activity. However, there is no evidence of increased angiogenesis in PTE and in secondary erythrocytosis. The absence of angiogenesis in PTE and its presence in PV is another argument that the pathogenesis of these two entities is different.

Kefi F.J.,University of Carthage | Boubaker S.,Pasteur Institute of Tunis | Menif N.T.E.,University of Carthage
Helgoland Marine Research | Year: 2014

Relative growth and the reproductive cycle of the date mussel Lithophaga lithophaga were studied from September 2002 to October 2003 in the Bizerte Bay (Northern Tunisia). Relationships between shell length and shell width, shell height as well as volume-related variables (shell dry weight, soft tissues dry weight and total wet weight) showed negative allometries in both sexes except for shell width in males (isometry) and shell height in both sexes (positive allometry). The sex ratio was unbalanced, within the length range of 6-48 mm, 49.43 % of the animals were males, 24.39 % females and 26.17 % sexually undifferentiated; within the length range of 49-92 mm, the respective values were 41.19, 52.7 and 6.1 %. Histological investigations as well as analyses of the condition index and the gonadosomatic index (CI and GSI) revealed the presence of a single reproductive cycle per year. Spawning occurred at the end of August and early September and was associated with a decrease in seawater temperature and salinity. A resting phase occurred in winter, coinciding with the lowest water temperatures. Histological examinations of the gonads of a total of 130 specimens revealed only two cases of hermaphroditism. The present study constitutes a useful baseline for a sustainable management of local wild stocks of L. lithophaga. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and AWI.

Essafi-Benkhadir K.,Pasteur Institute of Tunis
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) | Year: 2010

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-A (VEGF-A) is one of the most important regulators of physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Constitutive activation of the ERK pathway and over-expression of VEGF-A are common denominators of tumours of different origins. Understanding VEGF-A regulation is of primary importance to better comprehend pathological angiogenesis. VEGF-A expression is regulated at all steps of its synthesis including transcription, mRNA stability, an under estimated way of VEGF regulation and translation. In this chapter, we present the link between VEGF mRNA stability through AU-rich sequences present in its 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) and the ERK pathway. We present several methods that have been used to demonstrate that ERKs increase VEGF mRNA half-life. This mRNA-stabilising effect is partly due to reduction of the mRNA destabilising effects of Tristetraprolin (TTP), an AU-Rich binding protein which binds to VEGF-A mRNA 3'-UTR.

Griseri P.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | Griseri P.,Institute Giannina Gaslini | Bourcier C.,University of Nice Sophia Antipolis | Hieblot C.,University Paul Sabatier | And 4 more authors.
Human Molecular Genetics | Year: 2011

Post-transcriptional regulation plays a central role in cell differentiation and proliferation. Among the regulatory factors involved in this mechanism, Tristetraprolin (ZFP36 or TTP) is the prototype of a family of RNA-binding proteins that bind to adenylate and uridylate (AU)-rich sequences in the 3'UTR of mRNAs, which promotes their physiological decay. Here, we investigated whether TTP correlates with tumor aggressiveness in breast cancer and is a novel prognostic factor for this neoplasia. By immunoblot analysis, we determined the amount of TTP protein in different breast cancer cell lines and found an inverse correlation between aggressiveness and metastatic potential. TTP mRNA levels were very variable among cells lines and did not correlate with protein levels. Interestingly, by sequencing the entire TTP coding region in Hs578T cells that do not express the TTP protein, we identified a synonymous polymorphism (rs3746083) that showed a statistically significant association with a lack of response to Herceptin/Trastuzumab in HER2-positive-breast cancer patients. Even though this genetic change did not modify the corresponding amino acid, we performed functional studies and showed an effect on protein translation associated with the variant allele with respect to the wild-type. These data underline the importance of synonymous variants on gene expression and the potential role of TTP genetic polymorphisms as a prognostic marker for breast cancer. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

Iraqi W.,Pasteur Institute of Tunis | Iraqi W.,Mohammed V University
Journal of Helminthology | Year: 2016

Canine echinococcosis is caused by the adult tapeworm of Echinococcus granulosus. As intermediate hosts, humans and livestock become infected following ingestion of eggs that are passed in the faeces of dogs. Mature eggs develop into hydatid cysts in different organs, leading to hydatid disease, which is a serious public health problem. In the present study, we investigated the proportion of mature eggs of E. granulosus in 140 dogs from three regions of Tunisia. The results showed the predominance of immature E. granulosus eggs in infected dogs and the occurrence of a small proportion of oncospheres. The ability of immature eggs to infect humans and livestock is discussed. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016

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