Institute Pasteur of Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Institute Pasteur of Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
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Li Y.Z.,CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Counor D.,CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Lu P.,CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai | Liang G.D.,Chinese National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Virological Methods | Year: 2012

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a human pathogenic, mosquito-borne flavivirus that is endemic/epidemic in Asia. JEV is rarely detected or isolated from blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and detection of IgM is generally diagnostic of the infection. The flavivirus nonstructural glycoprotein NS1 is released transiently during flavivirus replication. The aim of this study was to set up a quantitative JEV NS1 antigen capture assay. A soluble hexameric form of JEV NS1 protein was produced in a stable Drosophila S2 cell clone and purified from supernatant fluids. Two IgG1 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) with high affinity against two different epitopes of JEV NS1 antigen were used to develop an antigen-capture assay with a limit of detection of 0.2ngml -1 NS1. Up to 1μgml -1 JEV NS1 protein was released in supernatants of mammalian cells infected with JEV but <10ngml -1 was released in sera of virus-infected mice before the onset of encephalitis and death. Moreover, NS1 protein was detected at low levels (<10ngml -1) in 23.8% of sera and in 10.5% of CSF of patients diagnosed as IgM-positive for JEV. This quantitative test of NS1 protein is proposed for highly specific diagnosis of acute infection with JEV genotypes I to IV. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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