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Armilla, Spain

Torres P.,Institute Parasitologia
Journal of Food Protection | Year: 2014

The objective of this research was to determine the occurrence of anisakid nematode larvae in hake ceviche sold in restaurants in Valdivia (39u489S, 73u149W) and Niebla (39u499S, 73u229W), Chile. Between August and November 2012, 78 portions of ceviche were collected (6 from each of the 13 restaurants that sell this product). Each portion was weighed and divided into approximately 30-g samples, which were placed in petri dishes with 0.15 M NaCl. All samples were manually shredded and then examined with a stereomicroscope. Muscles of 41 southern hake (Merluccius australis), a fish sold fresh in Valdivia, also were examined by candling to determine the presence of anisakid larvae. The presence of Pseudoterranova larvae in ceviche sold in Chile was identified for the first time. The pH of ceviche ranges from 4.1 to 4.8, which favors the presence of viable anisakid larvae that tolerate the acid pH similar to that found in the stomach of their mammalian host. No significant differences (P . 0.05) in the prevalence, mean abundance, and mean density of anisakid larvae in ceviche were found between localities. Larvae were detected in ceviche from 3 of 6 restaurants in Valdivia and 4 of 7 restaurants in Niebla. Of the 78 examined portions of ceviche, 21.8% had larvae. The prevalence of viable larvae was 16.7 and 7.1% in the examined portions from Valdivia and Niebla, respectively. In the 41 hake muscle samples from Valdivia, the prevalence (4.9%), mean abundance (0.1), and mean density (0.03) was the same for Pseudoterranova and Anisakis larvae. No inspection processes or pretreatments are currently in place for raw fish to achieve safe conditions for ceviche in restaurants from Valdivia and Niebla. © International Association for Food Protection. Source

Rosal-Vela A.,Institute Parasitologia | Barroso A.,University of Barcelona | Gimenez E.,University of Barcelona | Garcia-Rodriguez S.,Institute Parasitologia | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2016

Collagen type II-induced arthritis (CIA) is an inflammatory and autoimmune disease. Spleen protein extracts were subjected to 2D-DiGE and MS-MALDI-TOF/TOF analysis to identify protein species that differ in abundance in CD38-KO versus B6 WT mice either with arthritis or with inflammation. Using multivariate analyses, in Col-II-immunized mice, 23 distinct spleen protein species were able to discriminate between WT and CD38-KO mice. Among them, several citrullinated proteins and multiple serotransferrin (Tf) species were identified. In contrast, in CFA/IFA-treated mice, the distinct protein profile, which discriminates between CD38-KO and WT mice, was unrelated with Tf, but not with citrullination. Unexpectedly, non-immunized CD38-KO mice showed a distinct proteome profile as compared with that in non-immunized WT mice, and again multiple protein species were identified as Tf. By using a μLC-TOF-MS method to separate and detect Tf glycopeptide glycoforms, increases in fucosylation and glycan branching was observed in sera from mice CIA+ versus non-immunized, and between WT and CD38-KO with arthritis. Data on 2-DE Tf spots indicated differences in glycosylation related with NeuGc content. Thus, Tf changed significantly in its glycosylation pattern in arthritic mice. The MS data have been deposited to the ProteomeXchange Consortium with the dataset identifiers: PXD002644, PXD002643, PXD003183, and PXD003163. Significance: 2-DE followed by μLC-TOF-MS could be implemented to identify Tf glycoforms linked to specific protein species, and correlate a particular Tf species to a function. To gain insight into the relationship between transferrin glycoforms and its biological function it is particularly interesting to study putative differences in the glycosylation pattern of Tf in specific tissues associated with the disease (i.e.: joints), or in specific compartments such as exosomes/microvesicles, which are highly enriched in Tf receptors. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

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