Marseille, France
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Carcopino X.,Assistance Publique des Hopitaux de Marseille APHM | Carcopino X.,Aix - Marseille University | Mancini J.,Aix - Marseille University | Charpin C.,Aix - Marseille University | And 9 more authors.
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics | Year: 2013

Purpose: To assess the value of direct colposcopic vision (DCV) for optimizing large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) for the treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Methods: Data from 648 patients who underwent excisional procedures for CIN and were included in two previously published cohort studies were retrospectively reviewed. Women who had a LLETZ were included for analysis (n = 436). Margin status, surgical specimen dimensions and volume were analysed according to the use of colposcopy during procedure. Results: Compared to LLETZ guided by previous colposcopy report only, and to LLETZ performed immediately after colposcopy, DCV allowed for a significantly higher rate of clear margins: 33 (52.4 %), 104 (68.0 %) and 142 (84.5 %), respectively (p < 0.001). It also allowed for a significantly higher probability of achieving both negative margins and depth of specimen <10 mm: 10 (15.9 %) cases, 47 (30.7 %) cases and 125 (74.4 %) cases, respectively (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, when compared with the use of previous colposcopy report or with colposcopy immediately before the LLETZ, DCV allowed for a significantly higher probability of negative margins (AOR: 4.61; 95 % CI: 2.37-8.99 and AOR: 2.55; 95 % CI: 1.47-4.41), combined negative margins and depth <75th percentile (AOR: 3.67; 95 % CI: 1.97-6.86 and AOR: 3.05; 95 % CI: 1.91-4.87) and combined negative margins and volume <75th percentile (AOR: 12.96; 95 % CI: 5.99-28.05 and AOR: 6.16; 95 % CI: 3.75-10.14), respectively. Conclusions: When used with the LLETZ procedure, DCV allows for optimal outcomes in terms of negative resection margins, and minimized depth and volume of the excised specimen; and should therefore be recommended. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Cornen S.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | Guille A.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | Adelaide J.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | Addou-Klouche L.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | And 21 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Breast cancers (BCs) of the luminal B subtype are estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), highly proliferative, resistant to standard therapies and have a poor prognosis. To better understand this subtype we compared DNA copy number aberrations (CNAs), DNA promoter methylation, gene expression profiles, and somatic mutations in nine selected genes, in 32 luminal B tumors with those observed in 156 BCs of the other molecular subtypes. Frequent CNAs included 8p11-p12 and 11q13.1-q13.2 amplifications, 7q11.22-q34, 8q21.12-q24.23, 12p12.3-p13.1, 12q13.11-q24.11, 14q21.1-q23.1, 17q11.1-q25.1, 20q11.23-q13.33 gains and 6q14.1-q24.2, 9p21.3-p24,3, 9q21.2, 18p11.31-p11.32 losses. A total of 237 and 101 luminal B-specific candidate oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) presented a deregulated expression in relation with their CNAs, including 11 genes previously reported associated with endocrine resistance. Interestingly, 88% of the potential TSGs are located within chromosome arm 6q, and seven candidate oncogenes are potential therapeutic targets. A total of 100 candidate oncogenes were validated in a public series of 5,765 BCs and the overexpression of 67 of these was associated with poor survival in luminal tumors. Twenty-four genes presented a deregulated expression in relation with a high DNA methylation level. FOXO3, PIK3CA and TP53 were the most frequent mutated genes among the nine tested. In a meta-analysis of next-generation sequencing data in 875 BCs, KCNB2 mutations were associated with luminal B cases while candidate TSGs MDN1 (6q15) and UTRN (6q24), were mutated in this subtype. In conclusion, we have reported luminal B candidate genes that may play a role in the development and/or hormone resistance of this aggressive subtype. © 2014 Cornen et al.


Bekhouche I.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Finetti P.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Adelaide J.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Ferrari A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 16 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Background: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive form of BC poorly defined at the molecular level. We compared the molecular portraits of 63 IBC and 134 non-IBC (nIBC) clinical samples. Methodology/Findings: Genomic imbalances of 49 IBCs and 124 nIBCs were determined using high-resolution array-comparative genomic hybridization, and mRNA expression profiles of 197 samples using whole-genome microarrays. Genomic profiles of IBCs were as heterogeneous as those of nIBCs, and globally relatively close. However, IBCs showed more frequent "complex" patterns and a higher percentage of genes with CNAs per sample. The number of altered regions was similar in both types, although some regions were altered more frequently and/or with higher amplitude in IBCs. Many genes were similarly altered in both types; however, more genes displayed recurrent amplifications in IBCs. The percentage of genes whose mRNA expression correlated with CNAs was similar in both types for the gained genes, but ~7-fold lower in IBCs for the lost genes. Integrated analysis identified 24 potential candidate IBC-specific genes. Their combined expression accurately distinguished IBCs and nIBCS in an independent validation set, and retained an independent prognostic value in a series of 1,781 nIBCs, reinforcing the hypothesis for a link with IBC aggressiveness. Consistent with the hyperproliferative and invasive phenotype of IBC these genes are notably involved in protein translation, cell cycle, RNA processing and transcription, metabolism, and cell migration. Conclusions: Our results suggest a higher genomic instability of IBC. We established the first repertory of DNA copy number alterations in this tumor, and provided a list of genes that may contribute to its aggressiveness and represent novel therapeutic targets. © 2011 Bekhouche et al.


Dettori I.,Etablissement francais du sang Alpes Mediterranee EFSAM | Ladaique P.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC
Transfusion Clinique et Biologique | Year: 2014

The platelet refractoriness is a complication of transfusion treatments potentially dramatic in onco-haematology. Chemo-treatment of haematological malignancies or packs of allogeneic bone marrow transplants require iterative platelet transfusion requirements. The discovery of a platelet refractoriness along with its support should be the most reactive as possible but also adapted to the cause. In the case of allo-immunization, it may be expected. The purpose of this presentation is to recall the different etiologies and perform a feedback on the support transfusion platelet of onco-haematology adult patients at Institut Paoli-Calmettes (IPC) in partnership with the EFSAM. © 2014.


Sabatier R.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | Finetti P.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | Bonensea J.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | Jacquemier J.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | And 7 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2011

Background:Prognosis of ovarian carcinoma is poor, heterogeneous, and not accurately predicted by histoclinical features. We analysed gene expression profiles of ovarian carcinomas to identify a multigene expression model associated with survival after platinum-based therapy.Methods:Data from 401 ovarian carcinoma samples were analysed. The learning set included 35 cases profiled using whole-genome DNA chips. The validation set included 366 cases from five independent public data sets.Results:Whole-genome unsupervised analysis could not distinguish poor from good prognosis samples. By supervised analysis, we built a seven-gene optimal prognostic model (OPM) out of 94 genes identified as associated with progression-free survival. Using the OPM, we could classify patients in two groups with different overall survival (OS) not only in the learning set, but also in the validation set. Five-year OS was 57 and 27% for the predicted Favourable and Unfavourable classes, respectively. In multivariate analysis, the OPM outperformed the individual current prognostic factors, both in the learning and the validation sets, and added independent prognostic information.Conclusion:We defined a seven-gene model associated with outcome in 401 ovarian carcinomas. Prospective studies are warranted to confirm its prognostic value, and explore its potential ability for better tailoring systemic therapies in advanced-stage tumours. © 2011 Cancer Research UK All rights reserved.


Eisinger F.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | Eisinger F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Eisinger F.,Aix - Marseille University | Cancel-Tassin G.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 4 more authors.
Bulletin du Cancer | Year: 2013

In 2010, in France, 8,790 men died from prostate cancer despite a low and decreasing mortality rate. The individual risk/benefit ratio of prostate cancer screening is the focus of controversy and currently not in favor of a systematic screening program. Therefore, only prevention could reduce incidence, side effects of treatment and related mortality. Interestingly, prostate cancer prevention is also a field of controversy mainly about 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors. However, it could be expected that pharmaco-or diet-based prevention will be a huge tool for cancer control, even more for prostate cancer burden. This review comprehensively analyses which molecules or compounds could be used in preventive trials. With regard to pharmaco-prevention, three different kinds of drugs could be identified. First drugs, which aim at mainly or even solely reduce prostate cancer risk such as 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors and selective estrogen receptor modulators. Drugs, which aim at wider preventive impact such as: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or difluoromethylornithine. Lastly, drugs for which reducing prostate cancer incidence is merely a side effect such as statins, metformin or histones desacetylase inhibitors. With regard to diet-based prevention, two main approaches could be identified: aliments and nutriments, on one hand, and vitamin and minerals, on the other. Interestingly if compounds reach experimental plausibility, natural foods or even global diet seem to have a higher impact. Lastly, besides assessment of efficacy, effectiveness required the critical step of compliance, which might actually be the weakest link of the prevention chain.


Breast cancer carrying BRCA mutation may be highly sensitive to DNA-damaging agents. We hypothesized a better outcome for BRCA-mutated (BRCAmut) metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients receiving high-dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HDC AHSCT) versus unaffected BRCA (BRCA wild type; (BRCAwt)) or patients without documented BRCA mutation (BRCA untested (BRCAut)). All female patients treated for MBC with AHSCT at Institut Paoli-Calmettes between 2003 and 2012 were included. BRCAmut and BRCAwt patients were identified from our institutional genetic database. Overall survival (OS) was the primary end point. A total of 235 patients were included. In all, 15 patients were BRCAmut, 62 BRCAwt and 149 BRCAut. In multivariate analyses, the BRCAmut status was an independent prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio (HR): 3.08, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10–8.64, P=0.0326) and PFS (HR: 2.52, 95% CI :1.29–4.91, P=0.0069). In this large series of MBC receiving HDC AHSCT, we report a highly favorable survival outcome in the subset of patients with documented germline BRCA mutations.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 4 April 2016; doi:10.1038/bmt.2016.82. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited


Sabatier R.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Sabatier R.,Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC | Sabatier R.,Aix - Marseille University | Finetti P.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 9 more authors.
Molecular Cancer | Year: 2014

Background: The lastly identified claudin-low (CL) subtype of breast cancer (BC) remains poorly described as compared to the other molecular subtypes. We provide a comprehensive characterization of the largest series of CL samples reported so far.Methods: From a data set of 5447 invasive BC profiled using DNA microarrays, we identified 673 CL samples (12,4%) that we describe comparatively to the other molecular subtypes at several levels: clinicopathological, genomic, transcriptional, survival, and response to chemotherapy.Results: CL samples display profiles different from other subtypes. For example, they differ from basal tumors regarding the hormone receptor status, with a lower frequency of triple negative (TN) tumors (52% vs 76% for basal cases). Like basal tumors, they show high genomic instability with many gains and losses. At the transcriptional level, CL tumors are the most undifferentiated tumors along the mammary epithelial hierarchy. Compared to basal tumors, they show enrichment for epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition markers, immune response genes, and cancer stem cell-like features, and higher activity of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), EGFR, SRC and TGFβ pathways, but lower activity of MYC and PI3K pathways. The 5-year disease-free survival of CL cases (67%) and the rate of pathological complete response (pCR) to primary chemotherapy (32%) are close to those of poor-prognosis and good responder subtypes (basal and ERBB2-enriched). However, the prognostic features of CL tumors are closer to those observed in the whole BC series and in the luminal A subtype, including proliferation-related gene expression signatures (GES). Immunity-related GES valuable in basal breast cancers are not significant in CL tumors. By contrast, the GES predictive for pCR in CL tumors resemble more to those of basal and HER2-enriched tumors than to those of luminal A tumors.Conclusions: Many differences exist between CL and the other subtypes, notably basal. An unexpected finding concerns the relatively high numbers of ER-positive and non-TN tumors within CL subtype, suggesting a larger heterogeneity than in basal and luminal A subtypes. © 2014 Sabatier et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


PubMed | Experimental Oncology Group, French Institute of Health and Medical Research and Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

CDK4/CDK6 and RB proteins drive the progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the activity of the CDK/Cyclin D complex is increased. The mechanism involved is unknown, as are the respective roles played by CDK4 or CDK6 in this process. Here, we report that AML cells carrying FLT3-ITD mutations are dependent on CDK6 for cell proliferation while CDK4 is not essential. We showed that FLT3-ITD signaling is responsible for CDK6 overexpression, through a pathway involving the SRC-family kinase HCK. Accordingly, FLT3-ITD failed to transform primary hematopoietic progenitor cells from Cdk6-/- mice. Our results demonstrate that CDK6 is the primary target of CDK4/CDK6 inhibitors in FLT3-ITD positive AML. Furthermore, we delineate an essential protein kinase pathway -FLT3/HCK/CDK6- in the context of AML with FLT3-ITD mutations.


PubMed | Etablissement francais du sang Alpes Mediterranee EFSAM and Institute Paoli Calmettes IPC
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Transfusion clinique et biologique : journal de la Societe francaise de transfusion sanguine | Year: 2014

The platelet refractoriness is a complication of transfusion treatments potentially dramatic in onco-haematology. Chemo-treatment of haematological malignancies or packs of allogeneic bone marrow transplants require iterative platelet transfusion requirements. The discovery of a platelet refractoriness along with its support should be the most reactive as possible but also adapted to the cause. In the case of allo-immunization, it may be expected. The purpose of this presentation is to recall the different etiologies and perform a feedback on the support transfusion platelet of onco-haematology adult patients at Institut Paoli-Calmettes (IPC) in partnership with the EFSAM.

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