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Yadav R.,Institute of Vocational and Technical Education | Pradhan C.K.,Institute of Vocational and Technical Education | Gupta D.,Institute of Vocational and Technical Education | Kaoshik R.,Institute of Vocational and Technical Education
International Journal of Pharmacy and Technology

In recent years there is a spurt in the interest regarding survival of Ayurvedic forms of medication. In the global perspective, there is a shift towards the use of medicine of herbal origin, as the dangers and the shortcoming of modern medicine have started getting more apparent, majority of Ayurvedic formulation are prepared from herbs Although herbal remedies are often perceived as being natural and therefore safe, they are not free from adverse effects. Adverse effects of herbal medicine may be due to factors such as adulteration, substitution, contamination, misidentification, lack of standardization, incorrect preparation and dosage and inappropriate labeling and advertisement. Ajwain is a herb also known as Bishops Weed. Ajwain probably originated in Egypt and the eastern Mediterranean area. It is very widely cultivated in black soil particularly along the riverbank in Egypt and many other countries like India, Iran and Afghanistan. Main constituents include an essential oil of Trachycpermum ammi called thymol which constitutes 35-60% of the essential oil (2.5 to 5% in the dried fruits). There is also α-pinene, p-cymene, limonene and γ-terpinene found in the seed. This beneficial herb is used in culinary process as spice as well as a major ingredient of different kind of medicines. Ajwain seeds are small in size but taste hot, penchant and bitter. It acts as good appetizer, laxative and stomachic. It is used as effective remedy in managing ailments like vomiting, mouth diseases, pile, abdominal tumor, abdominal pain etc. Source

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