Institute of Virology Disease Control
Institute of Virology Disease Control
Wang F.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention |
Zhang G.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention |
Zheng H.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention |
Miao N.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention |
And 7 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2017
Objective To evaluate prenatal maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening and post-vaccination hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) status and titers of babies born to HBsAg positive mothers, and to provide evidence for development of standard postvaccination serologic testing (PVST) strategies for babies born to HBsAg positive mothers in China. Methods In 2014, we conducted a baseline survey of HBV mother to child transmission (MTCT) interruption strategy implementation and PVST for babies born to HBsAg positive mothers after received 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) in 8 counties in 4 Provinces. Bivariate analysis and multivariable analyses modeled statistically significant predictor variables associated with infant HBsAg, anti-HBs positive, anti-HBs titer. Results Among the 1563 infants born to HBsAg positive mothers, 1025 (65.6%) maternal-infant pairs were enrolled in PVST after receiving 3 doses of HepB. 38 infants tested HBsAg positive for an HBsAg positive rate of 3.7%. Maternal hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status and age of infant were significantly associated with infant HBsAg positivity. A total of 932 infants were anti-HBs positive when tested at 7–24 months of age, yielding an anti-HBs positivity rate of 90.9%. Maternal HBeAg status was the factor associated with infant anti-HBs status. Amount of antigen of HepB and infant's age were most associated with anti-HBs titers. PVST performed 1–2 months after the 3rd dose of HepB was associated with the highest anti-HBs level and the anti-HBs Geometric Mean Concentration (GMC) decreased as the PVST intervals prolonged. Conclusions In China, perinatal HBV transmission is approaching the theoretical minimum possible with the current strategy of HepB coupled with HBIG administration for HBV-exposed newborns. PVST of infants born to an HBsAg positive mother is an essential strategy to ensure full protection for vaccine non-responders and appropriate medical care for those infected. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
Liang X.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention |
Bi S.,Institute of Virology Disease Control |
Yang W.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention |
Wang L.,Ministry of Health |
And 18 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2013
Objective: To determine the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), and hepatitis B core anti-body (anti-HBc) in a representative population in China 14 years after introduction of hepatitis B vaccination of infants. Methods: National serosurvey, with participants selected by multi-stage random sampling. Demographics and hepatitis B vaccination history collected by questionnaire and review of vaccination records, and serum tested for HBsAg, antibody to anti-HBc and anti-HBs by ELISA. Findings: The weighted prevalences of HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HBc for Chinese population aged 1-59 years were 7.2%, 50.1%, 34.1%, respectively. HBsAg prevalence was greatly diminished among those age <15 years compared to that found in the 1992 national serosurvey, and among children age <5 years was only 1.0% (90% reduction). Reduced HBsAg prevalence was strongly associated with vaccination among all age groups. HBsAg risk in adults was associated with male sex, Western region, and certain ethnic groups and occupations while risk in children included birth at home or smaller hospitals, older age, and certain ethnic groups (Zhuang and other). Conclusions: China has already reached the national goal of reducing HBsAg prevalence to less than 1% among children under 5 years and has prevented an estimated 16-20. million HBV carriers through hepatitis B vaccination of infants. Immunization program should be further strengthened to reach those remaining at highest risk. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.