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Kharkar K.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Kuralkar S.V.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Kuralkar P.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science
Indian Journal of Animal Research | Year: 2015

Berari is 23rd recognized goat breed of India with accession number INDIA_GOAT_1100_BERARI_06023. A battery of 25 selected micro-satellite markers was used to study the genetic variability in Berari goat breed. The observed number of alleles ranged from 9 (ILSTS059, RM004) to 25 (ILSTS005, ILSTS029) with an average value of 15.560±0.947. The effective number of alleles ranged from 6.036 (RM088) to 16.736 (ILSTS029) with the overall mean value of 10.214±0.602. The average expected gene diversity within the population ranged from 0.834 (RM004) to 0.940 (ILSTS029) with an overall mean of 0.895±0.006. All of the studied loci showed the polymorphic information content value greater than 0.5 with an average value of 0.886±0.007, these high values of PIC indicated higher polymorphism in the breed. The values Shannon’s information index were found be in the range from 1.946 (LSTS059) to 2.981 (ILSTS029) with an average 2.456±0.058. Sixteen out of total 25 studied loci showed significant heterozygote deficiency (positive Fis value). The positive values of the Fis ranged from 0.008 (ILSTS034) to 0.599 (OMHC1) with an overall mean of 0.125. Bottleneck was examined assuming all three mutations models and was found to be absent. The high level of genetic variability, however, suggested the scope for further genetic improvement of Berari goats. © 2015 Agricultural Research Communication Centre. All rights reserved. Source


Kuralkar S.V.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Verma N.K.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Kharkar K.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Kuralkar P.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2013

Berari is recently recognized as 23rd goat breed of India with accession number INDIA-GOAT-1100-BERARI-0623. The Berari goat, a breed of central region of India (Vidarbha region of Maharashtra), is low yielding prolific meat breed thriving well in tropical wet and dry climate. The data were collected on 1,232 Berari goats from 353 farmers spread over 82 villages of 25 Talukas of 11 district of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and also from college farms. The average daily milk yield of Berari goats is 533.28 g/day with a total lactation yield of 78 kg in 130 days of lactation, while age at first conception is 10 to 11 months. The breed is having a good prolificacy i.e. 57% twinning, 2% triplets/ quadruplets. The coat colour of Berari goat ranges from dark tan to light tan. Horns were noticed in both the sexes and were straight, orientation of horn was mostly found as upward-backward. All the Berari goat had pendulous (drooping), flat and leafy ear and convex forehead. Majority of Berari goats (98%) did not have beard and wattle and does had bowl shaped udder (89%) with conical teat shape and pointed teat tip. The mean chest girth, body length, height at wither, paunch girth, horn length, ear length and tail length for adult animals (above 2 years of age) measured 73.3, 63.1, 71.3, 76.2, 9.6, 15.7 and 13.7 cm, respectively. The body weights in male and female at 1-2 years of age were 27.4 and 24.1 kg and that of adult goats 34.5 and 27.3 kg, respectively. On the basis of body measurements and body weights the Berari goat was decided as medium size goat. Light to dark strip on lateral sides from base of horn to nostrils, black colour ring around neck in adult male, and black hair line along with the vertebral column extending up to tail in both sexes was observed as unique characteristic in Berari goat. Source


Bhat Z.I.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Kuralkar S.V.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Kharkar K.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Kharkar K.,M B Veterinary College | Kuralkar P.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2013

A battery of 25 selected micro-satellite markers was used to study the genetic variability in Osmanabadi breed. The observed number of alleles varied from 5 (RM088) to 21 (OarAE129) with a mean of 12.36±0.822. The effective number of alleles varied from 2.324 (ILSTS065) to 12.903 (OarAE129) with a mean 8.277±0.626. The observed heterozygosity ranged from 0.074 (ILSTS002) to 1.0 (RM004) with an average of 0.707±0.062 whereas, expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.579 (ILSTS065) to 0.940 (OarAE129) with an overall mean of 0.867±0.017. All the studied loci showed the polymorphic information content value greater than 0.5 The F statistics showed that 13 out of 25 loci had positive Fis values, among the positive values the Fis varied from 0.049 (OARFCB304) to 0.909 (ILSTS002) with a mean of 0.187. The L shaped curve obtained indicated that Osmanabadi population has not undergone any recent bottleneck. The study indicated that Osmanabadi goats exhibited substantial amount of genetic variation as reflected from the heterozygosity and number of alleles per locus. Source


Ingawale M.V.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Bakshi S.A.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Birade H.S.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Chinchkar S.R.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science | Gulavane S.U.,Institute of Veterinary and Animal science
Buffalo Bulletin | Year: 2012

Use of ultrasonography for early pregnancy diagnosis as well as studying various reproductive disorders in bovines is a recent development. Real-time ultrasonic transrectal scanning of the uterus appears to offer rapid, safe, accurate and practical method of early pregnancy diagnosis. The main principle of early pregnancy diagnosis is to detect open (non-pregnant) buffaloes as early as possible and rebreed the nonpregnant animals by adopting suitable treatment to maintain optimum calving interval. In the present study, it is observed that due to the confirmatory signs of pregnancy and non-pregnancy at 37 days of gestation by ultrasonography proves this technique to be highly accurate for early pregnancy diagnosis at this stage for field use with 100% accuracy. Source

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