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Sykala L.,Jagiellonian University | Dej M.,Institute of Urban Development | Jarczewski W.,Institute of Urban Development
International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology | Year: 2015

The LEADER method, introduced in 1991 in the European Union, is an important mechanism for rural development. The method is designed to support non-agricultural activity but also supports certain forms of agriculture including the production of local products based on local resources. The authors answer the question: How does the LEADER method support local agricultural products (LAPs) in Poland? All LEADER projects created in Poland in the period 2007-2013 (more than 27,000 projects made available by the Agency for Restructuring and Modernisation of Agriculture) were researching projects associated with LAPs (1326 projects). The research was supplemented with information obtained from the websites of all 336 Local Action Groups (LAGs). This activity allowed identifying models of various support models associated with LAPs in Poland, its scale and spatial differentiation. At the same time, the paper attempts to identify factors determining spatial variances in LAPs support across Poland. © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Source


Aye Z.C.,University of Lausanne | Sprague T.,TU Dortmund | Cortes V.J.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection | Cortes V.J.,University of Twente | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction | Year: 2016

This paper presents a collaborative framework of an interactive web-GIS platform integrated with a multi-criteria evaluation tool. The platform aims to support the engagement of different stakeholders and the encouragement of a collaborative, decision-making process for flood and landslide management. The conceptual framework is based on initial data collected from field visits and stakeholder meetings carried out in the case study areas of the CHANGES. 33CHANGES project is a Marie Curie ITN funded by the European Community's 7th Framework Program. project: the Małopolska Voivodeship of Poland, Buzău County of Romania and the Friuli-Venezia-Giulia region of Italy. Based on the needs and issues identified in each case study, this paper also presents how such a platform could potentially assist and enhance the interactions between risk management stakeholders in formulating and selecting risk management measures. The developed prototype was presented to the local and regional stakeholders of the study areas and feedback was collected to understand the stakeholders' perspectives in determining whether the platform is useful and applicable for their activities in risk management. Feedback from stakeholder responses indicate that stakeholders found the prototype not only useful, but innovative and supportive in potentially assisting their activities. However, feedback also highlighted several aspects of the platform that can be improved for the development of a full-scale system to apply in practice. This includes the engagement of stakeholders toward higher levels of participation and a more extensive evaluation of the platform by carrying out concrete group exercises in the study areas. © 2015 The Authors. Source


Prenger-Berninghoff K.,Institute of Urban Development | Cortes V.J.,CNR Research Institute for Geo-hydrological Protection | Sprague T.,TU Dortmund | Aye Z.C.,University of Lausanne | And 3 more authors.
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences | Year: 2014

Adaptation to complex and unforeseen events requires enhancing the links between planning and preparedness phases to reduce future risks in the most efficient way. In this context, the legal-administrative and cultural context has to be taken into account. This is why four case study areas of the CHANGES1 project (Nehoiu Valley in Romania, Ubaye Valley in France, Val Canale in Italy, and Wieprzówka catchment in Poland) serve as examples to highlight currently implemented risk management strategies for land-use planning and emergency preparedness. The focus is particularly on flood and landslide hazards. The strategies described in this paper were identified by means of exploratory and informal interviews in each study site. Results reveal that a dearth or, in very few cases, a weak link exists between spatial planners and emergency managers. Management strategies could benefit from formally intensifying coordination and cooperation between emergency services and spatial planning authorities. Moreover, limited financial funds urge for a more efficient use of resources and better coordination towards long-term activities. The research indicates potential benefits to establishing or, in some cases, strengthening this link through contextual changes, e.g., in organizational or administrative structures, that facilitate proper interaction between risk management and spatial planning. It also provides suggestions for further development in the form of information and decision support systems as a key connection point.

1 Marie Curie ITN CHANGES - Changing Hydro-meteorological Risks as Analyzed by a New Generation of European Scientists. © Author(s) 2014. Source


Huculak M.,Institute of Urban Development | Jarczewski W.,Institute of Urban Development | Dej M.,Institute of Urban Development
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015

The paper analyzes the economic aspects of geothermal heating plants in Poland - selected plant operating costs, prices of geothermal heat, and economic efficiency of geothermal heating plants. All six geothermal heating plants operating in Poland are analyzed including the oldest plant established in 1994 and the newest plant established in 2013. The cost structure of geothermal heating plants tends to significantly; however, amortization is the principal operating cost at close to 55% in some cases. Other key costs include use of materials and energy. A comparison of the net price of 1 GJ of heat produced by selected heating plants shows that heat produced by brown coal (lignite) plants is the least expensive, while that produced by black coal (anthracite) plants is more expensive. The prices of heat produced by geothermal heating plants are less competitive, but still more competitive than those of heat produced using natural gas, biomass, and fuel oil. An analysis of the economic efficiency of geothermal heating plants shows that this source of heat has significant potential for profitability, which is also shown by its positive EBITDA. A notable part of the revenue of geothermal heat companies comes from various types of subsidies and grants. A large number of difficulties of estimate risks and high start-up costs along with a low rate of return have thus far discouraged private entrepreneurs from pursuing this line of investment. As a result, virtually every geothermal heating plant in Poland is owned by the government at the local or national level. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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