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Ling S.M.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Ramachandran S.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Shuib A.,University Putra Malaysia | Afandi S.H.M.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Prabhakaran S.,Binary University
Malaysian Forester | Year: 2013

Rural resources are subjected to pressure from impacts of economy, social, politics and environment. This paper examines the relationship of rural tourism resources and the advantages of adopting sustainable developments policies and strategies based on a case study in Setiu, Terengganu. A four-step strategy was employed in achieving the goals of this case study. The first step was identifying the rural capital available in Setiu. The second step was to determine the role of rural tourism capital in Setiu. The third step was to identify the possible investment potentials and challenges in rural capital and the final step was to examine the contribution of rural resources towards scaling-up the tourism industry in Setiu. This paper also highlights the profile of rural tourism by revisiting resources as an 'asset' of the tourism industry. This case study discusses some of the advantages of re-moulding the rural resource as 'tourism capital'. An assumption, which can be derived, is that the rural resource as tourism capital offers a comprehensive and integrated understanding of the rural tourism production system. This will be beneficial if rural communities utilise the potential benefits and effectively handle rural resources. This framework will lead to higher growth utilising tourism capital and thus increasing the standard of living of rural community in Setiu. Source


Ling S.M.,University Putra Malaysia | Ling S.M.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Abidin Z.Z.,Km | Nair V.,Taylors University | And 4 more authors.
Malaysian Forester | Year: 2011

The tourism industry in Malaysia is being transformed from low yield to high yield income. With the launch of the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP), Malaysia is set to achieve high income nation status by the end of the decade. Rural tourism and ecotourism is growing at a phenomenal rate in Malaysia and is expected to be a major contributor to the nation's tourism receipt. Nonetheless, in the last decade, the concept of ecotourism and rural tourism has melded with mainstream tourism to lose its distinctness. Consequently, the tourism industry's growth through-out the years has created an increasing amount of stress economically, socially and environmentally. For a sustainable development of the rural tourism sector, the benefits must be equitably distributed among the private interests, public sector, tourists and local population. Criteria and indicators of sustainability that reflect the costs and benefits must be precise yet simple enough to be understood and easily implemented by field staff. The objective of this study is to develop criteria and indicators of sustainability for Taman Negara. The study uses Delphi technique to identify and develop a set of priority criteria and indicators, which is used to determine the sustainability of the development of Taman Negara National Park. The results of the study produced a set of 15 criteria and 58 indicators of sustainability which are comparable to the lists adopted by international, regional and national programs in the development of criteria and indicators. The indicators encompass the components of economic, social and environmental values associated with responsible development. These indicators will then be used in the development of a tourism barometer that will act as a national integrated tourism management system. This fundamental study plays an important role in innovating new approaches by developing indicators to holistically measure the multi-dimensional relationships between different tourism models and the linkages to local economies and environment in key natural and rural destinations in Malaysia. Source


Nair M.B.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Ramachandran S.,University Putra Malaysia | Ramachandran S.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Shuib A.,Institute of Agriculture and Food Policy Studies | And 3 more authors.
Malaysian Forester | Year: 2012

National Parks and Marine protected areas in Malaysia have become increasingly exposed to ecotourism development activities. Greater accessibility and increase in leisure have contributed to an increase in ecotourism destinations visit. Exploitation by ecotourism and development activities has caused negative impacts to the natural resource of these destinations. Management of the protected areas becomes essential to the continuum of the biodiversity of that area which makes it attractive for tourists to visit. Management of the protected area is complex as the involvement of multiple stakeholders needs to be considered such as government agencies, non-government organisations, tourist operators, local community and interested parties. Hence, a review of the suitability of multi-criteria decision-making addressing the opinions of multiple stakeholders is investigated for the management of Tun Sakaran Marine Park (TSMP) in this paper. The first section introduces the current development of marine protected areas in Malaysia. The second section explores the use of multi-criteria decision-making approach in the management of marine protected areas. The use of this approach is significant as there is a growing number of literature that justifies the inclusion of multiple stakeholders' opinion in the decision making process. In the third section, Tun Sakaran Marine Park management policies are explored and the suitability of using a multi-criteria approach in its management is explored. It is proposed, that the multi-criteria approach using Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) appears to be the right approach as it uses a hierarchical structure to breakdown the problems into smaller manageable units. Source


Norul Izani M.A.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Paridah M.T.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Mohd Nor M.Y.,Malaysian Forest Research Institute | Anwar U.M.K.,Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP | Anwar U.M.K.,Malaysian Forest Research Institute
ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials | Year: 2011

Empty fruit bunches (EFB) are readily available residues from the oil palm industry which have been reported to be the most potential material for medium density fibreboard (MDF) manufacture. Nevertheless the properties of MDF made from EFB are normally inferior compared to those from rubber-wood due to the presence of residual oil. In this study, the effects of EFB fibre treatment (soaking in 2% NaOH; boiling in water; both soaking and boiling) on the properties of MDF were investigated. The MDF was manufactured using 12% UF as a binder. The boards were tested according to MS Standards 1787:2005. Among the treatment used, boiling in water improved the dimensional stability of the board. The results suggest that although much work remains to be done, EFB seems an eminently suitable raw material for MDF. Source

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