Time filter

Source Type

Zhang X.,Uppsala University | Wang B.,Uppsala University | Wang B.,Beijing Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology | O'Callaghan P.,Uppsala University | And 11 more authors.
Acta Neuropathologica | Year: 2012

Neuroinflammation is typically observed in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, as well as after traumatic injury and pathogen infection. Resident immune cells, microglia and astrocytes, are activated and joined by blood-borne monocytes that traverse the blood-brain barrier and convert into activated macrophages. The activated cells express various cytokines, chemokines and proteolytic enzymes. To study the role of heparan sulfate proteoglycans in neuroinflammation, we employed a transgenic mouse overexpressing heparanase, an endoglucuronidase that specifically degrades heparan sulfate side chains. Neuroinflammation was induced by systemic challenge with lipopolysaccharide, or by localized cerebral microinjection of aggregated amyloid-β peptide, implicated in Alzheimer's disease. Lipopolysaccharide- treated control mice showed massive activation of resident microglia as well as recruitment of monocyte-derived macrophages into the brain parenchyma. Microinjection of aggregated amyloid- β elicited a similar inflammatory response, albeit restricted to the injection site, which led to dispersion and clearance of the amyloid. In the heparanase-overexpressing mice, all aspects of immune cell recruitment and activation were significantly attenuated in both inflammation models, as was amyloid dispersion. Accordingly, an in vitro blood- brain barrier model constructed from heparanase-overexpressing cerebral vascular cells showed impaired transmigration of monocytes compared to a corresponding assembly of control cells. Our data indicate that intact heparan sulfate chains are required at multiple sites to mediate neuroinflammatory responses, and further point to heparanase as a modulator of this process, with potential implications for Alzheimer's disease. © Springer-Verlag 2012.


Ma K.R.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2011

This study was purposed to investigate the molecular basis of a para-Bombay phenotype for screening and identification of rare blood group. ABO and H phenotypes of the proband were identified by serological techniques. The exon 6 to exon 7 of ABO gene and full coding region of α-1,2-fucosyltransferase (fut1) gene of the proband were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing of the amplified fragments. The haplotype of compound heterozygote of fut1 was also identified by cloning sequencing. The results indicated that a rare para-Bombay phenotype was confirmed by serological techniques. Two deletion or insertion variant sites near nucleotide 547 and 880 were detected in fut1 gene. The results of cloning sequence showed that one haplotype of fut1 gene was two bases deletion at 547-552 (AGAGAG→AGAG), and another one was two bases deletion at position 880-882 (TTT→T). Both two variants caused a reading frame shift and a premature stop codon. It is concluded that a rare para-Bombay phenotype is found and confirmed in blood donor population. The molecular basis of this individual is compound heterozygote of two bases deletion on fut1 gene which weaken the activity of α-1, 2-fucosyltransferase.


Zhu L.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Pan J.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Wei C.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Wang H.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Transfusion | Year: 2015

Background A flow-based treatment device using riboflavin and ultraviolet (UV) light was developed to inactivate viruses in fresh-frozen plasma (FFP). The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effectiveness of virus inactivation and changes in protein quality in FFP treated with this device. Study Design and Methods FFP-contaminating viruses were treated with riboflavin and UV light using a one-pass linear flow device. The infectivity of viruses was measured using established biologic assays. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to detect damage to viral nucleotides after treatment. Treated plasma was analyzed using standard coagulation assays. Results FFP treated at the UV dose of 3.6 J/cm2 (J) exhibited a mean reduction of virus titer of more than 4 logs. The effectiveness increased significantly at higher doses. Real-time PCR showed that the cycle threshold values for both complete inactivation and virus recultivation were higher than that of the untreated sample. At doses of 3.6, 5.4, and 7.2 J, the protein recovery rates were 60.2 ± 8.6, 46.6 ± 9.4, and 28.0 ± 1.0% for fibrinogen; 67.0 ± 3.1, 57.3 ± 8.0, and 49.2 ± 3.8% for Factor VIII; 93.6 ± 2.8, 89.6 ± 6.1, and 86.5 ± 5.3% for antithrombin-III; and 72.1 ± 5.6, 59.8 ± 14.2, and 49.2 ± 8.4% for Protein C, respectively. Conclusion The effectiveness of virus inactivation was enhanced, but total activity of plasma factors was reduced, in a UV dose-dependent manner. © 2014 The Authors. Transfusion published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of AABB.


Yin H.-Q.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Xiao R.,Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine | Rong Z.,Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine | Jin P.-P.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Methods | Year: 2015

The evanescent wave fiber immunosensors (EWFI) technique was developed for the real-time rapidly sensitive and specific detection of the monoclonal antibody 3E2 of BTV. The outer-core protein VP7 of BTV was labled on the surface of the exposed fiber-optic core. The monoclonal antibody 3E2 of BTV VP7 were added and then the goat ant-rat IgG conjugated with Cy3 was captured. After the 532. nm pulse (excitation source) reached the fiber probe, evanescent wave was generated, which excited the Cy3 bound to the immuno-complex and produced the fluorescent signal, which was changed into electrical signals read through computer. The preliminary results suggested that a detection limit of 10. ng/ml was measured for the monoclonal antibody 3E2, which is equal to the sensitivity of ELISA. The 3E2 sample was specifically detected through the EWFI assay in 15. min, and the fiber can be recycled at least ten times through TEA solution condition. This developed EWFI was a real-time rapidly sensitive and specific way for the detection of BTV antibodies. © 2015.


Hiemann N.E.,Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin | Meyer R.,Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin | Wellnhofer E.,Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin | Schoenemann C.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine | And 4 more authors.
Transplantation | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: Non-human leukocyte antigen antibodies (Abs) targeting vascular receptors are implicated in the pathogenesis of renal allograft vascular rejection and in progressive vasculopathy in patients with systemic sclerosis. METHODS: We prospectively tested in 30 heart transplant recipients the impact of Abs directed against endothelin-1 type A (ETAR) and angiotensin II type 1 receptors (AT1R, cell-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) at time of transplantation and during the first posttransplantation year on cellular and Ab-mediated rejection (immunohistochemistry, C3d, and immunoglobulins) and microvasculopathy in endomyocardial biopsy. RESULTS: Cellular rejection, Ab-mediated rejection, and microvasculopathy was found in 40% and 13%, 57% and 18%, and 37% and 40% of biopsies at 1 month and 1 year posttransplantation, respectively. Maximum levels of AT1R and ETAR Abs were higher in patients with cellular (16.5±2.6 vs. 9.4±1.3; P=0.021 and 16.5±2.5 vs. 9.9±1.9; P=0.041) and Ab-mediated rejection (19.0±2.6 vs. 10.0±1.3; P=0.004 and 19.4±2.7 vs. 9.0±1.7; P=0.002), as compared with patients who had no rejection. Patients with elevated AT1R Abs (53% [16/30]) or ETAR Abs (50% [15/30]; pretransplantation prognostic rejection cutoff >16.5 U/L) presented more often with microvasculopathy (both, 67% vs. 23%; P=0.048) than patients without. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated levels of AT1R and ETAR Abs are associated with cellular and Ab-mediated rejection and early onset of microvasculopathy and should be routinely monitored after heart transplantation. © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Zhang W.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2010

This study was aimed to analyze the possibility of high resolution matching for human leukocyte antigen (HLA) loci in unrelated donor-recipient pair with low resolution match in HLA-A, -B, -DRB1 loci. Samples were genotyped for HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 by polymerase chain reaction sequence based typing (PCR-SBT). The results showed that the total number of patients and the donors were 166 and 274. 97 (58.43%) patients were matched for 1 donor and 47 (28.31%) patients were matched for 2 donors at low resolution level; among 274 donor-recipient pairs, HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 loci matching for 6/10, 7/10, 8/10, 9/10 and 10/10 were 32 (11.68%), 54 (19.71%), 62 (22.63%), 49 (17.88%) and 48 (17.52%) respectively; there were mismatch in HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 loci, and the most mismatch was in HLA-C locus. The number of alleles of HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 loci were 23, 46, 21, 30 and 17 respectively in the donors. The alleles number HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 loci were 20, 40, 22, 29 and 16 respectively in the patients; the haplotype number of HLA loci were 311 in the donors and 224 in the patients. The high frequency of haplotype was A*02:07-B*46:01-C*01:02-DRB1*09:01:02-DQB1*03:03 (5.63% and 6.88%). It is concluded that the probability of high resolution mismatch of HLA loci is high in unrelated donor-recipient pairs with low resolution match in HLA-A, -B, -DRB1 loci.


Lu H.J.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2012

This study was aimed to discriminate the alleles in the HLA-C*07:01:01G and HLA-C*07:02:01G groups and analyze their associations with HLA-B locus. Samples previously typed as HLA-C*07:01:01G and HLA-C*07:02:01G were collected. The nucleotide sequences in exons 1 to 7 of the HLA-C locus were sequenced by polymerase chain reaction sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT) and HLA-B genotyping was also preformed by PCR-SBT in these samples. The results showed that 4 samples (30.8%) were confirmed as HLA-C*07:01:01 and 9 samples (69.2%) were HLA-C*07:06 among 13 samples previously typed as HLA-C*07:01:01G. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis showed that HLA-C*07:06 allele was strongly related with HLA-B*44:03. All samples were typed as C*07:02:01 among 102 individuals previously typed as C*07:02:01G. LD analysis showed that C*07:02:01 was strongly related with HLA-B*51:01, B*46:01, B*39:01, B*40:01, B*38:02, B*15:02 alleles. It is concluded that HLA-C*07:01:01 and HLA-C*07:06 alleles are confirmed in the HLA-C*07:01:01G group and HLA-C*07:02:01 is a preferred allele in the HLA-C*07:02:01G.


Wang W.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2010

This study was purposed to investigate the nucleotide sequences of a novel HLA-B*15:124 allele and its molecular mechanism. The genomic DNA from whole blood was extracted by using commercial DNA extraction kit. The sequences of exon 2, 3 and 4 of HLA-B locus in the proband were amplified by PCR with group-specific primers, the PCR products were purified by enzymes digestion, then exon 2 to 4 of HLA-B locus for both orientations was sequenced. The results showed that 2 HLA-B alleles of proband were gained after amplification and sequencing of group-specific primers, among them one was a B*40:03, another was a novel allele. After BLAST analysis, the novel allele showed nucleotides different from HLA-B*15:52 in exon 3 at nucleotide position 427 A > T and 440 G > T which resulted in amino acid change from Thr to Ser at codon 143 and Trp to Leu at conon 147. It is concluded that a novel HLA-B allele has two different nucleotides. This HLA-B allele is identified and has been officially named B*15:124 by the WHO Nomenclature Committee.


Parkner A.M.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Halm-Heinrich I.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Hahn J.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine | Heim M.U.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine
Tissue Antigens | Year: 2012

The newly detected HLA-B*15:238 is distinguished from HLA-B*15:52 by a single-nucleotide exchange at position 527 where T is replaced by A. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


Liu Y.,Institute of Transfusion Medicine
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2013

The individual with the deficiency of CD36 antigen on platelet displayed the risk of anti-CD36 immune reaction induced by transfusion, which is one of the reasons for platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR). This study was purposed to detect the expression level of CD36 antigen on platelet by flow cytometry among apheresis platelet donors of Hangzhou area, and the frequency of CD36 deficiency was analyzed. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was separated from fresh anticoagulant whole blood by centrifugation, then the platelets were washed and adjusted to 1×10(6). The platelets were incubated with FITC-labeled CD36 and PE-labeled CD41 monoclonal antibodies, then the expression level of CD36 was detected by flow cytometry. The CD36 expression on monocytes for the samples of CD36-deficiency on the platelets was further analyzed. The results showed that 7 samples with CD36 antigen deficiency were found in 192 apheresis platelet donors. The frequency of CD36 deficiency was 3.6% and all of them were typeII deficiency. The significant difference of CD36 antigen expression was observed in the platelet donors of Hangzhou population, among them 59 individuals with low expressed CD36 antigen and 126 individuals with highly expressed CD36 antigen were found according to the geometric mean fluorescence intensity. It is concluded that the CD36 antigen deficient phenotype existed in the population, these data will provide the information for research of the CD36 antigen distribution and help to solve the platelet transfusion refractoriness.

Loading Institute of Transfusion Medicine collaborators
Loading Institute of Transfusion Medicine collaborators