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Shin Y.C.,Pusan National University | Lee J.H.,Pusan National University | Kim M.J.,Pusan National University | Hong S.W.,Chungnam National University | And 5 more authors.
Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE | Year: 2015

During the last decade, much attention has been paid to graphene-based nanomaterials because they are considered as potential candidates for biomedical applications such as scaffolds for tissue engineering and substrates for the differentiation of stem cells. Until now, electrospun matrices composed of various biodegradable copolymers have been extensively developed for tissue engineering and regeneration; however, their use in combination with graphene oxide (GO) is novel and challenging. In this study, nanofiber matrices composed of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid, PLGA) and M13 phage with RGD peptide displayed on its surface (RGD peptide-M13 phage) were prepared as extracellular matrix (ECM)-mimicking substrates. RGD peptide is a tripeptide (Arg-Gly-Asp) found on ECM proteins that promotes various cellular behaviors. The physicochemical properties of PLGA and RGD peptide-M13 phage (PLGA/RGD peptide) nanofiber matrices were characterized by atomic force microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. In addition, the growth of C2C12 mouse myoblasts on the PLGA/RGD peptide matrices was examined by measuring the metabolic activity. Moreover, the differentiation of C2C12 mouse myoblasts on the matrices when treated with GO was evaluated. The cellular behaviors, including growth and differentiation of C2C12 mouse myoblasts, were substantially enhanced on the PLGA/RGD peptide nanofiber matrices when treated with GO. Overall, these findings suggest that the PLGA/RGD peptide nanofiber matrices can be used in combination with GO as a novel strategy for skeletal tissue regeneration. © 2015 SPIE. Source

Kim S.K.,Kyung Hee University | Kang S.W.,Kyung Hee University | Kim D.H.,Kyung Hee University | Yun D.H.,Kyung Hee University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research | Year: 2012

Stroke is a heterogeneous disease caused by different pathogenic mechanisms. Several candidate genes for stroke have been proposed, but few have been replicated. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are expressed following stroke. We investigated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the MMP3 gene with stroke in the Korean population. This study included 186 stroke patients [116 ischemic stroke (IS) and 70 intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)] and 668 age-matched control subjects (267 for IS and 401 for ICH). Three SNPs [rs520540 (Ala362Ala), rs602128 (Asp96Asp), and rs679620 (Lys45Glu)] in the coding region of MMP3 were selected and genotyped by direct sequencing. HelixTree, SNPAnalyzer, SNPStats, and Haploview version 4.2 were used to analyze genetic data. Multiple logistic regression models (codominant, dominant, and recessive models) were conducted to evaluate odds ratio, 95% confidence interval, and P value. Three SNPs in the MMP3 gene were significantly associated with IS (P<0.05). The genotype distribution of 3 SNPs differed between the IS and control subjects. However, there was no association of the SNPs between the ICH and control. In analysis of gender, 3 SNPs were also associated with IS in female group (P<0.05). These SNPs remained significantly associated with IS after the Bonferroni correction for multiple testing (Pc<0.05). Haplotype analysis revealed that no haplotypes were associated with IS or ICH. Overall, the results of our study demonstrate an association of the MMP3 gene with development of IS, and no association of MMP3 with ICH. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2012. Source

Choi S.-M.,Institute of Tissue Regeneration Engineering | Yang W.-K.,Institute of Tissue Regeneration Engineering | Yoo Y.-W.,Institute of Tissue Regeneration Engineering | Lee W.-K.,Institute of Tissue Regeneration Engineering
Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces | Year: 2010

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is a biocompatible polymer widely used for bone substitutes. Its surface properties, however, are not favorable for the induction of biological apatite which can be directly related to natural bone formation. In this study, the surface of PMMA was modified by NaOH treatment or sequential treatments with ethanol (EtOH) and NaOH. Results displayed that surface hydrophilicity was improved for increasing treatment time and NaOH concentration. Field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) displayed that in vitro formation of calcium phosphate (CaP) coating was significantly promoted by the surface modifications. X-ray photon spectroscopy (XPS) examination elucidated that the films prepared on PMMA consisted of calcium and phosphorus and their values for Ca/P ratio were closed to octacalcium phosphate (OCP). Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra of the film coated on PMMA revealed a band characteristic of phosphate groups confirming that CaP films were formed and their characteristics were dependent on the surface properties of PMMA. Cellular assay demonstrated that the adhesion of osteoblast-like MG63 cells was significantly promoted on CaP-coated PMMA. Proliferation assay showed that CaP films appeared not to exert any cytotoxic effects on the growth of MG63 cells. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. Source

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