Oleary D.F.,Institute of Technology, Tralee
Journal of Interprofessional Care | Year: 2016
It has been previously demonstrated that interactions within interprofessional teams are characterised by effective communication, shared decision-making, and knowledge sharing. This article outlines aspects of an action research study examining the emergence of these characteristics within change management teams made up of nurses, general practitioners, physiotherapists, care assistants, a health and safety officer, and a client at two residential care facilities for older people in Ireland. The theoretical concept of team psychological safety (TPS) is utilised in presenting these characteristics. TPS has been defined as an atmosphere within a team where individuals feel comfortable engaging in discussion and reflection without fear of censure. Study results suggest that TPS was an important catalyst in enhancing understanding and power sharing across professional boundaries and thus in the development of interprofessional teamwork. There were differences between the teams. In one facility, the team developed many characteristics of interprofessional teamwork while at the other there was only a limited shift. Stability in team membership and organisational norms relating to shared decision-making emerged as particularly important in accounting for differences in the development of TPS and interprofessional teamwork. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.
Evans W.,Institute of Technology, Tralee
Journal of Advanced Nursing | Year: 2014
Aim: To introduce how nursing students discursively construct their dyslexic identities. Background: Identity mediates many important facets of a student's scholarly journey and the availability and use of discourses play a critical part in their ongoing construction. Design: A discourse-based design was used to examine the language employed by students in constructing their dyslexic identities. Methods: Using narrative methods, 12 student nurses with dyslexia from two higher education institutions in the Republic of Ireland were interviewed during the period February-July 2012. Discourse analysis of interviews entailed a two-stage approach: leading identity analysis followed by thematic analysis. Results: Discourses used by students to construct their dyslexic identity correspond with positions on an 'Embracer, Passive Engager and Resister' continuum heuristic. The majority of students rejected any reference to using medical or disabled discourses and instead drew on contemporary language in constructing their dyslexic identity. Nine of the 12 students did not disclose their dyslexic identity in practice settings and drew on not being understood to support this position. In addition, a discourse linking 'being stupid' with dyslexia was pervasive in most student narratives and evolved from historical as well as more recent interactions in nurse education. Conclusion: This study indicates variation in how students discursively construct their dyslexic identities, which, in turn, has an impact on disclosure behaviours. Policy leaders must continue to be mindful of wider sociocultural and individualized understandings of dyslexic identities to enhance inclusion prerogatives. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Evans W.,Institute of Technology, Tralee
British Journal of Nursing | Year: 2015
Potential difficulties experienced by nursing students diagnosed with dyslexia can be minimised with the introduction of appropriate policies and guidance around reasonable adjustment and support. In order to access all relevant services, however, a student must actively decide to disclose their dyslexic identity to relevant faculty personnel. Disclosure of such personal information is a complex matter and, critically, requires a receptive environment where diversity and disability are embraced in a positive and meaningful way. The act of disclosure for the most part has previously been described in simplistic terms, with the focus being solely on the behaviour itself and not on the individual's own positioning of their dyslexia or the social context associated with the act. There is an onus on all students with dyslexia to self-monitor how this aspect of their identity interacts with their professional duty of care. © 2015 MA Healthcare Ltd.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2012-1 | Award Amount: 1.55M | Year: 2012
The Rotabot project will deliver an intelligent next generation robotic milking system incorporating automated teat cleaning, cluster attachment and post milking disinfection on a scalable rotary milking installation. The system will be suitable for use in both new and existing rotary milking parlours. The project will integrate a number of novel technologies into a rotary milking parlour with the following objectives 1) To design and develop a rapid 3D imaging system for cow teat recognition and tracking, suitable for rotary milking installations operating in harsh dairy farm environments, 2) To design and develop a robotic system for automatic teat cleaning, cluster attachment and post milking disinfection appropriate for dairy cows in a rotary milking system, 3) To integrate the imaging and robotic technologies into existing or next generation rotary milking parlour design, 4) To evaluate and validate the proposed technology against existing milking methods, 5) To demonstrate and test the resulting prototype in a dairy environment.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SPIRE-01-2014 | Award Amount: 5.88M | Year: 2015
The Process Industries require a high degree of automation, monitoring, and advanced simulation and control for their often complex manufacturing processes and operations. Emphasis is on continuous or batch production, mixing, reaction and separation of materials of higher value. Indeed, increased globalisation and competition are drivers for process analytical technologies (PAT) that enable seamless process control, greater flexibility and cost efficiency. ProPAT aims to develop novel sensors and analysers for providing measurements on composition, particle size and local bulk properties, as well as more traditional but smart sensors for measuring other process parameters, such as temperature, flowrate, pressure, etc., and integrate them into a versatile global control platform for data acquisition, data processing & mining and User Interface in order to measure properties of process streams and products, accurately and in real-time. The platform also provides self-learning and predictive capabilities aimed for dramatically reducing overcosts derived from even slight deviations from the optimum process. Low cost MEMS-NIR spectroscopic and granulometric analysers, smart sensors for in batch and in continuous processes will be developed and integrated into the global control platform with the chemometric tools and the predictive software to deliver an integrated process control platform. ProPAT will enable near real time closed-loop process control to operate industrial processes at their optimum, both economically and environmentally, while ensuring high levels of quality. It will also allow the uptake of the Quality by Design for continuous process improvement. The project results will be validated in different processes and applications including milling of minerals, ceramics, metals, mixing and granulation of pharma products and polymerization of resins, and will represent a major step forward towards more efficient, reliable and sustainable industrial operation.