Peng C.,Institute of Teacher Education |
Ren J.,Institute of Teacher Education |
Zhang J.,Institute of Teacher Education
ICETC 2010 - 2010 2nd International Conference on Education Technology and Computer | Year: 2010
Asp.Net2.0 is one of the popular technologies for web design, and has a good performance through the integration with the Microsoft SQL Server database. The author is based on the General-Purpose, and adopts some methods including the document analysis and the interview survey to collect the three-dimensional and dynamic information about the teachers, students and administers in order to guild the system function design ofthe platform. Then, the author develops the General-Purpose Online Course Platform which bases on Asp.Net technology. And the platform achieves the functions what Web-based Courses platform should have such as the creation and management of online courses, student management, operations management, team learning, online Q & A and so on. So the platform can well support that teachers (not related technology-based) are very simple and easy to develop and manage their online course and students also will be more effective and efficient participation in E-Iearning. © 2010 IEEE.
Banwa T.P.,Institute of Teacher Education
Biodiversity | Year: 2011
Cloud forests characterised by persistent low-level cloud cover often have an abundance of mosses that cover the ground and vegetation. These forests are referred to as mossy forests. The remaining patches of mossy forests in the Central Cordillera of Northern Philippines harbour diverse unknown endemic floral species that sustain the headwaters of the major rivers on the region. Stunted or bonsai-type plants cover the highest ridges. Different species of moss, herb and grass blanket the exposed peaks. Various tree species dominate the emergent layer, usually with wide canopies, while varied shrub, bush and fern species occupy the understories. Epiphytic species cover crooked tree trunks, branches and twigs. Varied ground mosses and wild seedlings carpet the moist forest floors. The biodiversity of mossy tree species is considered in terms of population density, species richness, species diversity and index of similarity. The lower elevation of the mossy mountain range was found to have higher tree diversity indices in terms of species diversity, richness and evenness than the high elevation. An index of similarity of 57.14% between the two sampling blocks indicated that some tree species were restricted by altitudinal gradient, resulting in a decrease in species richness as altitude increases and an increase in population density. Anthropogenic disturbances at the accessible part of the lower mountain range include burning, logging, clearing for bird entrapment and commercial farming in the many arable areas of the mountain range. The Central Cordillera mossy forest harbours diverse flora, as indicated by the initial identification of 37 tree species representing 20 genera and 17 families in 6400 m2 sampling plots. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Yeh Y.-C.,Institute of Teacher Education
Educational Technology and Society | Year: 2010
Online learning communities are an important means of sharing and creating knowledge. Online behaviors and online roles can reveal how online learning communities function. However, no study has elucidated the relationships among online behaviors, online roles, and online learning communities. In this study, 32 preservice teachers participated in an 18-week instruction program. Analyses of online group discussions revealed the following: (a) of thirteen identified online behaviors, the most common were constructing a positive atmosphere, providing opinions for group assignments, and providing reminders of assignment-related work; (b) of eight online roles identified within a group, the most common roles were information providers, opinion providers, and troublemakers; (c) four online learning communities based on "collaboration"and "participation"were identified. The evolution of these online learning communities indicates the interrelationships among online behaviors, roles, and learning communities. © International Forum of Educational Technology & Society (IFETS).
Lin C.F.,National Taiwan University |
Yeh Y.-C.,Institute of Teacher Education |
Hung Y.H.,National Taiwan University Hospital |
Chang R.I.,National Taiwan University
Computers and Education | Year: 2013
Customizing a learning environment to optimize personal learning has recently become a popular trend in e-learning. Because creativity has become an essential skill in the current e-learning epoch, this study aims to develop a personalized creativity learning system (PCLS) that is based on the data mining technique of decision trees to provide personalized learning paths for optimizing the performance of creativity. The PCLS includes a series of creativity tasks as well as a questionnaire regarding several key variables. Ninety-two college students were included in this study to examine the effectiveness of the PCLS. The experimental results show that, when the learning path suggested by a hybrid decision tree is employed, the learners have a 90% probability of obtaining an above-average creativity score, which suggests that the employed data mining technique can be a good vehicle for providing adaptive learning that is related to creativity. Moreover, the findings in this study shed light on what components should be accounted for when designing a personalized creativity learning system as well as how to integrate personalized learning and game-based learning into a creative learning program to maximize learner motivation and learning effects. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Sidek H.A.A.,University Putra Malaysia |
El-Mallawany R.,Menoufia University |
Rosmawati S.,Institute of Teacher Education |
Yahya A.K.,University Technology of MARA
Chalcogenide Letters | Year: 2016
Glass transition temperature Tg and softening temperature Ts were measured by the differential thermogravimetric analysis DTA in the temperature range 300-850 K of ternary zinc oxyfluoro tellurite (ZOFT) with the composition (ZnO)x-(AlF3)y-(TeO2)z where (5
Sharaai A.H.,Institute of Teacher Education |
Mahmood N.Z.,University of Malaya |
Sulaiman A.H.,University of Malaya
African Journal of Biotechnology | Year: 2012
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a method use to analyze a product or a service from the beginning of the process where it is extracted until it is not useful anymore or it is known as cradle-to-grave analysis. LCA analysis includes the inventory collecting all types of emission and waste. After it is done, the inventory will be interpreted to the environmental impacts in life cycle impact assessment (LCIA). Two LCIA methods identified were "midpoint and endpoint" approaches. The ecological scarcity (ecopoints) is an LCIA method using "midpoint" approach. From the analysis to both life cycle stages, analysis for potable water production which was construction stage and production stage indicated that both stages contributed two main impacts namely: NOx and SOx. In the production stage, NOx and SOx were released from PAC production. On the other hand, for the construction stage, NOx and SOx were released from steel production process. © 2012 Academic Journals.
Sharaai A.H.,Institute of Teacher Education |
Mahmood N.Z.,University of Malaya |
Sulaiman A.H.,University of Malaya
Scientific Research and Essays | Year: 2011
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a method to analyze a particular product or service; from the beginning of the process it is extracted until it is no more in use or much to be known as 'cradle to grave analysis'. The LCA analysis includes collection of inventory that is all types of emissions and also waste products. After that, this inventory would be translated or transformed to show the impact on environment in the life cycle impact assessment (LCIA). Two LCIA methods has been accepted such as midpoint and endpoint approach. The EDIP 97 is a LCIA method which uses midpoint approach. From the analysis done on the two stages, life cycle assessment for potable water production that is construction stage and production stage; it is found that production stage contributes the highest impact on acidification and euthrophication which is derived from the PAC production process. Whereas, the construction stage contributes two main impacts which are human toxicity (water) and chronic water ecotoxicity which are produced through the process of steel production. © 2011 Academic Journals.
Zakaria A.R.,University of Malaya |
Mohsin M.,Institute of Teacher Education |
Hutagalung F.,University of Malaya |
Baharun H.,Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
The Role of Service in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Management and Technology in Knowledge, Service, Tourism and Hospitality, SERVE 2014 | Year: 2014
This study investigates the need for change in the Malaysian secondary school curriculum. The study involved 30 experts in physiotherapy and the experts were chosen through purposive sampling. The Delphi Technique was used to build items for the need of introducing the physiotherapy subject in the secondary school curriculum. The study found that the fields of Sports, Musculoskeletal rehabilitation, Women’s health, Pediatrics, Geriatrics, Pulmonary cardiac rehabilitation, Hand rehabilitation, Cardiorespiratory, Lympoedema rehabilitation, Critical care, Occupational Health and Amputee were the careers expected to be in demand in future. The panel of experts agreed that subjects such as English Language, Biology, Science, Physics, Human Movement and Biomedical Science need to be emphasized in the secondary school curriculum. Theoretical and practical assessment approaches received consensus as appropriate for evaluating student performance and demonstrations, Practicals and Clinical practice were appropriate for teaching physiotherapy in secondary schools. The panel of experts also agreed that infrastructure facilities such as lecture rooms, laboratories, hydrotherapy pools, gymnasium, treatment rooms and assessment rooms were needed by secondary schools when physiotherapy becomes a taught subject in future. The findings clearly show that the Ministry of Education (MOE) in general and the Curriculum Development Centre (CDC) in particular must revise the existing curriculum in all secondary schools by introducing the physiotherapy curriculum. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, London.
Lee K.W.,Universiti Malaysia Sabah |
Said N.,Institute of Teacher Education |
Tan C.K.,Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Computer Assisted Language Learning | Year: 2016
The writing process has traditionally been seen ‘as a lonely journey’ to typify the lack of support that students experience for writing outside the classroom. This paper examines an attempt of The Writing Portal (TWP), a supplementary online writing platform, to support students’ writing needs throughout the five stages of the writing process, viz., planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing. Social constructivist principles underpin TWP, which was designed to engender collaboration amongst its student participants. Not only does TWP provide links to evaluated Internet resources and a writing portfolio, but it also features collaboration tools such as the Group Forum, chat, a writing portfolio, a private messaging system, and a comment function for pages or articles created. Thus, it is very much akin to a ‘one-stop centre’ for academic writing within a flexible and supportive environment. In this qualitative case study, 16 third-year TESL pre-service teachers at a Malaysian Teacher Education Institute embarked on a 12-week writing course using TWP. Qualitative data in the form of students’ online discourses, task reflections, log files, and digital artefacts were captured to explore how TWP's affordances supported students’ writing needs. In addition, Soller's collaborative learning conversation skills (CLCS) taxonomy was used as an analytical framework to investigate the collaborative learning engendered in the online environment. The findings indicate that TWP served its purpose by addressing students’ writing needs at all stages of the writing process as they accomplished multiple writing tasks. Additionally, evidence of collaborative learning is evident in three functions of TWP: the Group Forum, chat, and the comments for pages/articles. However, there are differences between the frequencies of the specific skills used for each function. To conclude, TWP appears to be a successful tool at supporting students at all stages of the writing process. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
PubMed | Institute of Teacher Education and Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Type: | Journal: SpringerPlus | Year: 2015
The paper described the development and validation of the Test of Science Critical Thinking (TSCT) to measure the three critical thinking skill constructs: comparing and contrasting, sequencing, and identifying cause and effect. The initial TSCT consisted of 55 multiple choice test items, each of which required participants to select a correct response and a correct choice of critical thinking used for their response. Data were obtained from a purposive sampling of 30 fifth graders in a pilot study carried out in a primary school in Sabah, Malaysia. Students underwent the sessions of teaching and learning activities for 9weeks using the Thinking Maps-aided Problem-Based Learning Module before they answered the TSCT test. Analyses were conducted to check on difficulty index (p) and discrimination index (d), internal consistency reliability, content validity, and face validity. Analysis of the test-retest reliability data was conducted separately for a group of fifth graders with similar ability. Findings of the pilot study showed that out of initial 55 administered items, only 30 items with relatively good difficulty index (p) ranged from 0.40 to 0.60 and with good discrimination index (d) ranged within 0.20-1.00 were selected. The Kuder-Richardson reliability value was found to be appropriate and relatively high with 0.70, 0.73 and 0.92 for identifying cause and effect, sequencing, and comparing and contrasting respectively. The content validity index obtained from three expert judgments equalled or exceeded 0.95. In addition, test-retest reliability showed good, statistically significant correlations ([Formula: see text]). From the above results, the selected 30-item TSCT was found to have sufficient reliability and validity and would therefore represent a useful tool for measuring critical thinking ability among fifth graders in primary science.