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Zhang R.,Cancer Center | Qin W.,Cancer Center | Qin W.,Institute of Stomatological Research | Xu G.-L.,Cancer Center | And 2 more authors.
Colorectal Disease | Year: 2012

Aim The study aimed to understand better the somatic mutations in the human MutL Homolog 1 (hMLH1) and human MutS Homolog 2 (hMSH2) genes in colorectal cancer (CRC) and to investigate the differences derived from ethnicity, family history, detection method and microsatellite instability (MSI). Method The terms 'hMSH2' or 'hMLH1'and'colorectal cancer''colorectal carcinoma' or 'colorectal tumour' were searched in the PubMed, Springer, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins and HighWire Press databases for the publication period December 1993 to September 2010. The Comprehensive Meta Analysis V2 software (Biostat Inc.) was used to explore the prevalence and 95% confidence intervals. Results The prevalence of somatic mutations in the hMLH1 and hMSH2 genes in CRC was 0.15 (95% CI 0.10-0.22) and 0.10 (95% CI 0.07-0.16), respectively. A higher prevalence of somatic mutations in hMSH2 was found in hereditary non-polyposis CRC than in sporadic CRC: 0.36 (95% CI 0.14-0.67) and 0.10 (95% CI 0.07-0.13) respectively. In addition, a higher prevalence of somatic mutations in the hMLH1 gene was observed relative to hMSH2 in the European group. The prevalence was higher in the high-level instability (MSI-H) group than in both the low-level instability (MSI-L) and the microsatellite stable (MSS) groups. Conclusion Somatic mutations in the hMLH1 and hMSH2 genes play a vital role in CRC and a high prevalence was found in this meta-analysis. Furthermore, more studies are needed which focus on somatic mutations in the American population and in patients with MSI-L and MSS. © 2011 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2011 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.


Zhao K.,Institute of Stomatological Research | Tian T.,Institute of Stomatological Research | Zhu W.,Institute of Stomatological Research | Yu S.,Guangzhou Yuexiu District Hospital of Stomatology
Journal Wuhan University of Technology, Materials Science Edition | Year: 2011

To develop a new kind of denture adhesive (DA), then to evaluate its mechanical and chemical properties, polyethylene oxide, methyl cellulose, sodium alginate, and cellulose ether, were viewed as four main factors, which would affect bonding load of DA, while two levels of each component were differentiated. Following table L 12(2 11), twelve different formulae were designed by orthogonal design and bonding load values were recorded. According to bonding load of each formula, the optimized formula was selected out as this new adhesive material, Comfort-DA II. The changing of bonding load values of Comfort-DA II marinating in artificial saliva were measured, and an existing product, Protefix and Comfort-DA, were used as controls. Following initial load readings, samples and controls were measured from 1- to 12- hour intervals, respectively. Comfort-DA II was diluted at 1.0%, 2.0%, 3.3%, 5.0%, and 10.0% concentrations, and pH values were measured at 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, and 8-hour intervals. Comfort-DA II presented as a pale-yellow paste. Group 6 gained the highest bonding load value of [193.8 (4.2)] N. The mean bonding load of Comfort-DA II was statistically different to Comfort-DA (p = 0.004) and Protefix (p = 0.006). Comfort-DA II exhibited a progressive increase in pH value over time and was slightly alkaline. Comfort-DA II showed significantly elevated mechanical and chemical properties, comparing to Comfort-DA. The results also indicate that orthogonal design may be an efficacious way to develop new dental materials. © Wuhan University of Technology and Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.

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