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Chang-hua, Taiwan

Cheng J.-Y.,A-Life Medical | Cheng J.-Y.,Institute of Stem Cell And | Wang S.-H.,Institute of Stem Cell And | Lin J.,Institute of Stem Cell And | And 10 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2014

Tumor angiogenesis is a critical element of cancer progression, and strategies for its selective blockade are still sought. Here, we examine the angiogenic effects of Globo-H ceramide (GHCer), the most prevalent glycolipid in a majority of epithelial cancers and one that acts as an immune checkpoint. Here, we report that GHCer becomes incorporated into endothelial cells through the absorption of microvesicles shed from tumor cells. In endothelial cells, GHCer addition induces migration, tube formation, and intracellular Ca2+ mobilization in vitro and angiogenesis in vivo . Breast cancer cells expressing high levels of GHCer displayed relatively greater tumorigenicity and angiogenesis compared with cells expressing low levels of Globo-H. Clincally, GHCer+ breast cancer specimens contained higher vessel density than GHCer- breast cancer specimens. Mechanistic investigations linked the angiogenic effects of GHCer to its endocytosis and binding to TRAX, with consequent release of PLCβ1 from TRAX to trigger Ca2+ mobilization. Together, our findings highlight the importance of GHC as a target for cancer therapy by providing new information on its key role in tumor angiogenesis. ©2014 American Association for Cancer Research.

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