Islamabad, Pakistan

Institute of Space Technology
Islamabad, Pakistan

Institute of Space Technology, also known as IST, is a chartered degree-awarding university located in Islamabad, Pakistan. It was established in 2002 under the auspices of the Pakistan National Space Agency. IST offers undergraduate and postgraduate education, and produces scientists and engineers in the field of Space Technology.It is one of the leading university of the Pakistan.In short span of time,It has achieved a lot of success in the field of science and research and Engineering. Its mechanical Engineering is one of the best in Pakistan.The university is determined to expand the public's awareness in the field of space and space technology. IST also bears the title of being the only institute of its kind in the entire Muslim World. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-IRSES | Award Amount: 475.20K | Year: 2011

The purpose of project BlackSeaHazNet is development of long-term research cooperation through coordinated joint program of researchers exchange. The base is Complex Program for research of possibility for forecast earthquakes time, place (epicenter, depth), magnitude and intensity using reliable precursors. Precursors research includes regional geophysical and seismological monitoring, monitoring of water sources and their Radon, Helium, Mercury concentrations, crust temperature, monitoring of electromagnetic field under, on, and above Earth surface, meteorological monitoring, including earthquake clouds and electrical charge distributions, near space monitoring, aimed to estimate Earth, Sun and space (cosmic rays) origins of variations, and biological precursors. For many variables well working monitoring exists (for example INTERMAGNET geomagnetic field monitoring). For others (for example: monitoring of Earth currents distribution) monitoring have to be created. Due to complex real time variables monitoring the parallel output of the Program can be different time scale estimations for other natural hazards and risk assessment, as well as the correlations between human behavior and electromagnetic and other geophysical variables variations. Proposed regional network can be considered as first step for creating wide interdisciplinary scientific consortia for formulation of more adequate models of today Climate change, Earth seismic processes as well as different time scales regional earthquakes forecasts. Which will the bases for future EC framework , regional and bilateral Projects. The scientific and practical results will be considered in workshops and regional training seminars.

GEO-CRADLE brings together key players representing the whole (Balkans, N. Africa and M. East) region and the complete EO value chain with the overarching objective of establishing a multi-regional coordination network that will (i) support the effective integration of existing EO capacities (space/air-borne/in-situ monitoring networks, modelling and data exploitation skills, and past project experience), (ii) provide the interface for the engagement of the complete ecosystem of EO stakeholders (scientists, service/data providers, end-users, governmental orgs, and decision makers), (iii) promote the concrete uptake of EO services and data in response to regional needs, relevant to the thematic priorities of the Call (adaptation to climate change, improved food security, access to raw materials and energy), and (iv) contribute to the improved implementation of and participation in GEO, GEOSS, and Copernicus in the region. In this context, GEO-CRADLE lays out an action plan that starts by inventorying the regional EO capacities and user needs, which in turn leads to a gap analysis, the definition of region specific (G)EO Maturity Indicators and common priority needs. Through showcasing pilots, it demonstrates how the priorities can be tackled by the GEO-CRADLE Network, and provides the roadmap for the future implementation of GEOSS and Copernicus in the region, building on the GEO-CRADLE Regional Data Hub, which abides by the GEOSS Data Sharing Principles. To maximise the impact of GEO-CRADLE activities, well-defined Communication, Dissemination and Stakeholder Engagement strategies are proposed. Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) will be used for the quantified assessment of the impact, identifying potential enabling or constraining factors, while pursuing realistic but also ambitious exploitation scenarios. For efficient project coordination, the project management is assisted by a regional coordination structure, and active liaison with EC, GEO and UN initiatives.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.2.1-03 | Award Amount: 1.71M | Year: 2011

The present Project purpose is the problem-oriented processing of observational data collected and stored by former ionospheric satellite missions their data mining with the aim to create the database of ionosphere waves catalogues. This is an urgent need of modern space science because its realization will help to improve considerably Space Weather nowcast and forecast and to promote the progress of actual today GMES and other applied studies, e.g., ionospheric monitoring of natural and man-made hazards. At a first stage of the Project fulfillment, the different types of wave data will be selected, processed and arranged in topical catalogues: atmosphere gravity waves, moving plasma disturbances (bubbles, blobs, TID, etc), and ELF-VLF plasma emissions (whistler waves, hisses, etc). Then the Ionosphere Wave Service will be created including the composition of catalogues metadata to provide useful tool to access the database through a web portal. Ionosphere Wave Service will be promoted to a great number of scientists and specialists working in the numerous theoretical and applied space oriented branches. The particular goals of the POPDAT Project are: Collection of datasets from different sources which concern the wave-like phenomena in the upper atmosphere and ionosphere to form input data field for further processing; Appropriate design of the flexible software tools for the search of wavelike and/or any other anomalous behaviors detected in the satellite datasets; Creation of thematic catalogues of ionosphere perturbations, which have known, supposed or unknown origin; Implementation of a Ionosphere Wave Service accessible to scientific communities and public users; Creation of Ionosphere Virtual Dynamic Observatory to assist educational activities; Dissemination and promotion of the Ionosphere Wave Service at topical conferences and in scientific and public press.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SPA-2007-3.2-01 | Award Amount: 2.20M | Year: 2008

With the introduction of FP7 the topic Space gained even more importance than in the FPs before. Most EU Member States and Associated Countries and even some Third Countries have set up NCPs for Space; some are already experienced, some are quite new in Space and in dealing with the FP in general. Within the proposed project therefore a strong network of Space NCPs shall be create to identify and exchange good practice, elaborate and conduct training courses for the NCP staff, gather and provide up-to-date information on Space and neighbouring topics and develop common concepts to raise awareness for the FP7 Space programme and the Space NCPs. Thus a more balanced high quality NCP service will be ensured for the benefit of new and experienced FP7 applicants.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SPA.2011.3.3-01 | Award Amount: 1.18M | Year: 2012

In June 2008 the Space National Contact Points (NCPs) from 33 EU member states and FP7 associated countries started COSMOS, the Cooperation Of Space NCPs as a Means to Optimise Services. NCP networks had been established in other themes already, like IDEALIST, and proved a suitable instrument to interlink according NCPs. This led to added benefit e. g. through new services like specific partner search activities and a project website providing useful information not just for clients of the project partner countries but for everybody interested. Through this and through joint trainings and experience exchange the partners eased access to NCP working knowledge and skills. Thus it was especially supporting less experienced NCPs. But also NCPs with several responsibilities profited a lot being short in their available time for the particular NCP field. In summary such projects for the first time allowed having joint trainings and staff exchange and organising joint information days on open thematic calls as international matchmaking opportunities. Such activities lead to improved and more balanced overall quality of NCP services. Through this they finally aim at raising the average quality level of project proposals. COSMOS was the first networking activity for Space NCPs. It also became a success considering the above mentioned objectives of NCP networks. Through the practical experience the partners further on learned a lot about effective exchanges, joint activities, needs and about each other. COSMOS\ builds on this experience and goes further in strengthening the NCPs capacity building and maximising the quality of their services for the Space clients all over Europe and beyond.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: COMPET-11-2014 | Award Amount: 2.19M | Year: 2015

National Contact Points (NCPs) for Space provide support on Space funding under EU Framework programmes. In 2007 under FP7 the EU started funding an NCP Space network which was named COSMOS. This enabled the NCPs to benefit from each others experience and thus raise the level of the overall quality of their services. Additional services were established like a joint website and news service providing information about Space and EU Framework Programme related topics. Furthermore they organised international information days in support of the European Commission with emphasis on bringing potential project partners together. Last but not least they implemented a country independent helpdesk for EU framework Space research related questions. While the project partners are core of the network the full group comprises the other Space NCPs from EU member states and Associated Countries as well as Space contact points in international partner countries, mainly from Space faring nations. Within COSMOS2020 the network activities are continued under Horizon 2020. Capacity building, information services, project partner search support and more activities will once again reinforce the cooperation of the NCPs and raise the overall quality level of services. This is even more important since their role as only official support entity was decided for Horizon 2020.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA-2007-2.2-02 | Award Amount: 2.99M | Year: 2009

AEROFAST main goal is to invest and improve the AEROCAPTURE transportation mean. An important step to allow for human expansion into the solar system is to develop advanced transportation systems to move humans and cargo between GEO and LEO, and also returning them from the Moon or from Mars. Typically such vehicle must rely on aerocapture to be mass effective: using atmospheric drag to slow space vehicles is regarded as one of the largest contributors to making both lunar and Martian missions affordable. In the coming decades aerocapture will become one of the core capabilities for planetary transportation. This technology allows for large amount of mass saved (up to 30 %) at launch and is fully adapted to large weight missions (Sample return missions and manned missions): for an insertion into a low Mars orbit with propulsion, 41% of the initial mass is put on final orbit whereas with an aerocapture manoeuvre 82% of the initial mass is put into final orbit. Today the technology readiness level of such an aerocapture mission is roughly 2 to 3 in Europe. AEROFAST goal is to prepare for a flight demonstration on a planet with atmosphere (earth or even more attractive Mars) and to reach TRL 3 to 4 in the frame of this FP7 first call.

Zhekov S.A.,Institute of Space Technology
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society | Year: 2014

We present an analysis of the XMM-Newton observation of the wind-blown bubble NGC 2359. This is the first detection of this object in X-rays. The X-ray emission of NGC 2359 is soft and originates from a thermal plasma with a typical temperature of kT ~ 0.2 keV. A direct comparison between the one-dimensional hydrodynamic model of wind-blown bubbles and the X-ray spectrum of NGC 2359 suggests a reduced mass-loss rate of the central star in order to provide the correct value of the observed flux. The central star of the nebula, WR 7, is an X-ray source. Its emission is similar to that of other presumably single Wolf-Rayet stars detected in X-rays. The WR 7 spectrum is well represented by the emission from a two-temperature plasma with a cool component of kT ~ 0.6 keV and a hot component of kT ~ 2.7 keV. © 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Tolias P.,Institute of Space Technology
New Journal of Physics | Year: 2012

A kinetic model of partially ionized complex plasmas is employed for the numerical analysis of low-frequency longitudinal modes for typical laboratory plasmas. The approach self-consistently includes the effects of plasma particle absorption on dust, collisions with neutrals and electron impact ionization. In addition to the typical dust acoustic mode, the results reveal the existence of a novel long-wavelength mode, attributed to the interplay between the mechanisms of plasma production and loss. The main properties of mode dispersions are investigated through their dependence on plasma and dust parameters. © IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.

Institute of Space Technology | Date: 2012-02-01

The present invention relates to a public cavity input multiplexer that is used to divide broadband signals into multi-channel narrowband signals according to the frequency and includes a public cavity and at least two channel filters. The public cavity is a broadband resonator that is used to input broadband signals, and is coupled with each of the channel filters respectively. In the input multiplexer of the present invention, no electric cable or waveguide and circulator are used for connection. The integrated design is achieved by establishing the public cavity and the channel filter, which reduces volume and mass, avoids the errors caused by influence on the circulator due to temperature change, enhances reliability, saves cost, and improves the electric performance. The design of the public cavity makes the input coupling accurate to calculate, convenient tuning and optimizes the consistency of channels.

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