Institute of Medical Sociology

Berlin, Germany

Institute of Medical Sociology

Berlin, Germany
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Kalinowski S.,Institute of Medical Sociology | Wulff I.,Institute of Medical Sociology | Kolzsch M.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Kopke K.,Lüneburg University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Aging and Physical Activity | Year: 2012

Purpose: To explore different institutional barriers to and facilitators of physical activity (PA) in nursing homes. Methods: Cross-sectional survey of 40 German nursing homes and 217 nursing-home residents (NHRs; M ± SD age 80 ± 10.2 yr, 55% women, MMSE ≥20). Quantitative data were collected on the structural characteristics of nursing homes and the PA services available. Results: Forms of exercise available were not adequately communicated to residents. Overall participation was below 50%. Awareness was significantly higher in residents with informed relatives (p =.003). A broad range of forms of exercise was generally available (M ± SD 5 ± 2.22, range 0-10), but they were rarely tailored to NHRs' needs and their effectiveness remains questionable. Conclusion: Multidimensional opportunities to promote PA in NHRs are identified. © 2012 Human Kinetics, Inc.


Kleiser C.,Robert Koch Institute | Mensink G.B.M.,Robert Koch Institute | Neuhauser H.,Robert Koch Institute | Schenk L.,Institute of Medical Sociology | Kurth B.-M.,Institute of Medical Sociology
Public Health Nutrition | Year: 2010

Objective To explore the food intake of young migrants living in Germany.Design Children and adolescents aged 0 to 17 years living in Germany, including 171 % with a migration background, were examined in a representative health survey. Food frequency data of 7186 boys and 6919 girls, aged 3 to 17 years, were analysed separately for Turkish, Russian Germans, other migrants and non-migrants. Daily food intake was calculated and a healthy diet score was used to allow an overall interpretation of the diet. Using stepwise linear regression, the association between migrant status and healthy diet score was analysed.Results Turkish participants (4·8 %) consumed significantly more soft drinks, fried potatoes, chocolate cream and snacks than all other groups and significantly less meat than other migrants and non-migrants. Turkish as well as other migrants (8·8 %) ate more poultry, fish and pasta/rice, and less sausage/bacon and cooked potatoes, than Russian Germans and non-migrants. Russian Germans (3·5 %) consumed less cooked vegetables than non-migrants and other migrants. Non-migrants had a better mean dietary score than Russian Germans and other migrants. A less preferable diet score was associated with higher age, male sex, being a migrant from Russia, low or middle socio-economic status, and living in rural or provincial areas.Conclusions The study showed considerable differences in dietary habits between young persons of different origin. This underlines the importance of focusing on ethnic groups in dietary interventions. © 2009 The Authors.

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