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Sucic I.,Institute of Social science Ivo Pilar | Tokic D.,Alexander Hughes Ltd | Ivesic M.,Kindergarten Ivanic Grad
Psychology, Crime and Law | Year: 2015

Response accuracy with regard to lineup composition (present/absent target) and presentation (simultaneous/sequential), as well as decision confidence as a predictor and postdictor of response accuracy, was tested in a field experiment (N = 426). Overall response accuracy was 43%. It was not found significant main effects of lineup presentation or composition or a significant interaction between these variables in regard to response accuracy. By using both traditional methods of lineups’ efficiency comparison, and novel approach – ROC analysis, either procedure superiority was not revealed. Prospective confidence did not relate to response accuracy, but correct identifications were made with more retrospective confidence than were incorrect identifications. In simultaneously presented target absent lineups and sequentially presented target present lineups, correct identification resulted in a statistically significant higher level of retrospective confidence than did incorrect identifications. Participants were over-confident in their accuracy. The calibration curve, plotted for choosers, based on retrospective decision confidence was meaningful, but far from linear, while calibration curve based on prospective decision was flat. Thus the sequential lineup may not be superior to the simultaneous lineup and confidence may not be a very reliable indicator of accuracy in field setting, regardless of approach used for data analysis. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Lukic A.,University of Zagreb | Prelogovic V.,University of Zagreb | Rihtar S.,Institute of Social science Ivo Pilar
Hrvatski Geografski Glasnik | Year: 2011

Researches indicate that the use of bicycles as a means of transportation and form of recreation is increasing in cities in the world's developed countries, and that it brings with it a humanization of urban spaces and improved quality of life. Bicycle use has rarely been the topic of scholarly interest in Zagreb or Croatia as a whole, especially among student population. Therefore, a survey was conducted among students of the University of Zagreb to gauge their expectations of bicycle use and other forms of transport in Zagreb. The questioning encompassed 238 student cyclists and 359 student non-cyclists, selected by a combination of representative and focused sampling. The results point toward significant statistical discrepancies between the two student groups in their manner of using bicycles and other means of transport. Furthermore, student expectations of the city government encompass, besides anticipated measures to improve the cycling infrastructure, a series of other measures, such as, for example, subsidies for bicycle purchases and the introduction of a public bicycle sharing system. The conclusion includes six proposals for activities aimed at increasing the number of bicycle users to be undertaken by the city government and other interested parties.

Pudak J.,Institute of Social science Ivo Pilar | Bokan N.,University of Zagreb
Sociologija i Prostor | Year: 2011

In the light of increasing environmental problems, it is necessary to recognize social moments which comprise and/or arise from those very same problems. One of those moments is food production which contributed to environmental and social problems mainly through conventional agriculture. Organic agriculture is an alternative approach to food production which implies specific social relations, and relations to the nature and technology. Although conventional food production is still predominant, organic agriculture is a fast spreading practice, as a way to a healthier life, as surviving strategies for rural and in some parts urban population, and as a worldview. In this paper we will try to provide answers about facts organic agriculture emerges from, about its forms, and about the implications it arises. We will also induce environmental, economic and socio-cultural benefits of organic agriculture that should be, given the proportion of environmental devastation, one of the most relevant issues. Ways in which organic agriculture is part of broader, alternative social movement and lifestyle will be considered as well. Finally, we will analyse the state and the possibilities of organic agricultural production in the world and in Croatia. Conclusion of the article is twofold. On one hand, due to paradigmatic adherence, adoption of alternative ideas is slow, and very often unacceptable; on the other hand, organic agriculture is an activity and a social value which expands worldwide, and therefore it is substantial to identify it both theoretically and socially. © 2011 Institut za društvena istraživanja u Zagrebu - Institute for Social Research in Zagreb Sva prava pridržana - All rights reserved.

Burusic J.,Institute of Social science Ivo Pilar | Sakic M.,Institute of Social science Ivo Pilar | Koprtla N.,University of Zagreb
Health Education Journal | Year: 2014

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore parental perceptions of adolescent health behaviours and to examine to what extent parents' perceptions of their children's health behaviours are determined by the family's socio-demographic characteristics. Method: Participants in the study were 605 parents. They completed questionnaires in which they rated whether different health-risk behaviours were present in their children (i.e. smoking, alcohol consumption, drug use, risky sexual behaviour, insufficient physical activity, unhealthy eating habits and obesity). Parents also provided information on the family's socio-demographic characteristics. Results: The results show that parents rate insufficient physical activity and unhealthy eating habits as the most pronounced problems in their children, while they rate risky sexual behaviour and drug use as the least pronounced. Parents estimate that insufficient physical activity and unhealthy eating habits are significantly more pronounced among girls than among boys. The results of factor analysis reveal that, from the parents' perspective, adolescent health-risk behaviours can be grouped into those pertaining to unhealthy habits and those connected to addictive and risk behaviours. Parents rate that behaviours reflecting unhealthy lifestyle are significantly more present among girls than among boys. Regression analyses showed that a family's living standard is the only significant predictor of unhealthy habits and addictive and risk behaviours. Conclusion: When observed from a parental perspective, adolescent health-risk behaviours can be grouped into different categories, and parents claim to observe certain differences in these behaviours between boys and girls. The most important determinant of adolescent health behaviours is a family's living standard. © The Author(s) 2013.

Ferguson C.J.,Texas A&M International University | Colwell J.,University of Westminster | Mlacic B.,Institute of Social science Ivo Pilar | Milas G.,Institute of Social science Ivo Pilar | Miklousic I.,Institute of Social science Ivo Pilar
Computers in Human Behavior | Year: 2011

The issue of potential media effects on psychological health of youth and young adults has been debated for decades. Research on media effects has not always been consistent. One issue that has been raised regards whether the relatively modest media effects found in some research might be explained through mediating personality variables. This hypothesis was examined in three samples of young adults: Mexican-Americans (n = 232), Croatians (n = 455) and English (n = 150). Results indicated that trait aggression was a consistent predictor of both violent crimes and depression across samples. General personality variables were less consistent predictors of violence, although neuroticism consistently predicted depression across samples. Media violence exposure did not predict negative outcomes except among Croatians for whom exposure to violent video games predicted fewer violent crimes, and exposure to television violence predicted increased violent crimes. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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