Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science

Zagreb, Croatia

Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science

Zagreb, Croatia

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Kozaric-Kovacic D.,University of Zagreb | Jambroic Sakoman A.,University of Zagreb | Jovanovic T.,Emory University | Milas G.,Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science
Annual Review of CyberTherapy and Telemedicine | Year: 2010

Aim: The aim of the current study was to compare basal psychophysiology and startle reflexes in acute stress disorder (ASD) patients and controls. Stress reactions to traumatic event include acute and chronic reactions like ASD and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They are characterized by prominent psychophysiological symptoms that can give insight into the pathogenesis of PTSD. Methods: We measured heart -rate (HR), respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), electrodermal activity (EDA) and electromyography (EMG) of musculus orbicularis occuli during an acclimation period and during the presentation of startle stimuli in 29 ASD patients with different traumatic experiences and in 33 healthy controls. Results: ASD subjects had similar habituation to the startle probe as healthy controls. EDA for individuals with ASD after traffic accident was higher then for healthy controls. There were no differences for heart-rate in two compared groups. Conclusion: EDA appears to offer the most reliable psychophysiological indices in the ASD following traffic accident.


Kozaric-Kovacic D.,University of Zagreb | Jambrosic Sakoman A.,University of Zagreb | Jovanovic T.,Emory University | Milas G.,Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science
Studies in Health Technology and Informatics | Year: 2010

Aim: The aim of the current study was to compare basal psychophysiology and startle reflexes in acute stress disorder (ASD) patients and controls. Stress reactions to traumatic event include acute and chronic reactions like ASD and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They are characterized by prominent psychophysiological symptoms that can give insight into the pathogenesis of PTSD. Methods: We measured heart-rate (HR), respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), electrodermal activity (EDA) and electromyography (EMG) of musculus orbicularis occuli during an acclimation period and during the presentation of startle stimuli in 29 ASD patients with different traumatic experiences and in 33 healthy controls. Results: ASD subjects had similar habituation to the startle probe as healthy controls. EDA for individuals with ASD after traffic accident was higher then for healthy controls. There were no differences for heart-rate in two compared groups. Conclusion: EDA appears to offer the most reliable psychophysiological indices in the ASD following traffic accident. © 2010 The Interactive Media Institute and IOS Press. All rights reserved.


Topic M.K.,Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science | Kovacevic M.P.,Clinical hospital Osijek | Mlacic B.,Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science
Croatian Medical Journal | Year: 2012

Aim: To examine the relationship between the Big-Five personality model and autodestructive behavior symptoms, namely Autodestructiveness and Suicidal Depression in two groups of participants: clinical and non-clinical adolescents. Methods: Two groups of participants, clinical (adolescents with diagnosis of psychiatric disorder based on clinical impression and according to valid diagnostic criteria, N = 92) and non-clinical (high-school students, N = 87), completed two sets of questionnaires: the Autodestructiveness Scale which provided data on Autodestructiveness and Suicidal Depression, and the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP), which provided data on the Big -Five personality dimensions. Results: Clinical group showed significantly higher values on the Autodestructiveness scale in general, as well as on Suicidal Depression, Aggressiveness, and Borderline subscales than the non-clinical group. Some of the dimensions of the Big-Five personality model, ie, Emotional Stability, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness showed significant relationship (hierarchical regression analyses, P values for β coefficients from <0.001 to 0.021) with Autodestructivness and Suicidal Depression, even after controlling for the sex and group effects or, when analyzing Suicidal Depression, after controlling the effect of other subscales. Conclusion: The results indicate that dimensions of the Big-Five model are important when evaluating adolescent psychiatric patients and adolescents from general population at risk of self-destructive behavior.


Miletic G.-M.,Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science | Misetiae A.,Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science
Prostor | Year: 2010

The paper presents the results of an empirical research related to the transformation of the former barracks in Borongaj into a university campus. The aim of the research conducted on 156 students was to establish a basic structure of the examinees' preferences in relation to spatial reconstruction of Borongaj Campus, and to detect optimal characteristics of the site from the point of view of its users. The conjoint analysis method was used for this purpose. Examinees had to evaluate the (un)acceptability of the six features presented to them. The results show the students cared mostly about the traffic organization within the campus and the location of public facilities. The general assessment was least affected by a possible relationship to the existing architecture.


PubMed | Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Collegium antropologicum | Year: 2012

Todays talk about any health issue is part of a wider web of neoliberal destructive processes of which all fall into the category of discriminating populations and their cultures, downgrading their right to life and violating their human dignity. Poor health, poverty stricken health systems and screaming epidemiological factors make just one more triangle of the successive visible consequences of destruction that equals to the violation of human dignity, to begin with. Yet no correction is possible since every problem is tied to the double standard perceivement of Human Rights. The author is engaged in presenting a need of a deeper auto-reflexive work-through of our human approachments and biological realities. This urgent stance is based on the new, set by Kalny (2009) and Baxi (2006), orientation towards a critical reading of the Human Rights and the advocacy toward differentiating between the politics for human rights and politics of human rights (the later being the politics of rights instrumentalization). Health and its un-sustainability is one of the most dramatic areas in which this differentiation of ones approaches is dramatically felt and needed. The end conclusions are envisioned to support the already existing field of a number of dedicated critical medical anthropologists, as well as authors across all fields, in their demand for, nothing more or less than, the dignity for the populations that they/we daily represent.


PubMed | Washington University in St. Louis and Ivo Pilar Institute of Social science
Type: | Journal: SpringerPlus | Year: 2015

In recent years, a number of studies have used Material Values Scale (MVS) to assess beliefs about importance to own material things. The aims of this study were to validate the MVS scale and to explore the relationships between materialistic values and well-being of Croatian citizens. The study was carried out on a representative sample of N=1129 Croatian citizens. We used the short 9-item version of the MVS, life satisfaction rating, ratings of two positive (Positive affect) and four negative emotions (Negative affect) over the past month, and demographic variables (age, gender, income). The original dimensionality of the MVS was not confirmed; confirmatory factor analyses yielded two instead of three factors, Happiness and Centrality/Success. When controlled for income, gender and age, the Happiness dimension predicted Life satisfaction and both Positive and Negative affect, indicating that people who believed that the material goods in ones life leads to happiness reported to have lower life satisfaction, lower level of positive affect and higher level of negative affect over the past month. The Centrality/Success dimension was positively related to Positive affect, indicating that the belief that possessions play a central role in enjoyment leads to more frequent experiences of happiness and satisfaction over the past month.

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