Institute of Social science

Belgrade, Serbia

Institute of Social science

Belgrade, Serbia
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Marinkovic I.,Institute of Social science | Radivojevic B.,University of Belgrade
Geographica Pannonica | Year: 2016

The research presented in this paper is dealing with mortality and its impact on the natural increase, i.e. population dynamics in Serbia at the beginning of the 21st century. The aim is to draw attention to the potential of mortality as a natural component of changes in population when it comes to the possibility of mitigating the negative population trends. This paper will analyse changes in the age patterns of mortality of Serbian population from the mid 20th century, in order to point to the lack of progress in reducing age-specific mortality. The comparison with countries with low mortality rates (Slovenia and Sweden) will highlight the potential space for further mortality reduction in Serbia. The effect of a hypothetical fall of mortality by age on the level of natural increase will be measured on the basis of population projections for the period of half a century.


Vukotic V.,University of Montenegro | Vukotic V.,Institute for Strategic Studies and Prognoses | Vukotic V.,Institute of Social science
Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2013

This paper is looking for answers about the influence of the change of the dominant social paradigm on education system. What reforms of education system are needed today in order to efficiently overcome changes induced by this change of paradigm? Are there any directions we should follow in order to foresee future developments in this area? How can I explain my personal approach to the improvement of education system? How can we define conceptual framework for research in this area? What are directions for future development of education system?


Chaudhry A.G.,Pmas Arid Agriculture University | Ahmed A.,Association for Social Development Islamabad | Farooq H.,PMAS AAU | Bhatti A.G.,Institute of Social science | Zeeshan M.,PMAS AAU
Medical Forum Monthly | Year: 2014

Background: Culture is a learned behavior. It is a community's knowledge and set of practices that evolves out of continuous interactions with the outer environment feedback either positive or negative. In a strict sense culture is a man-made nature opposite to physical nature to survive. Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the interrelationship of older persons' (OPs) marital status and mode of living with their medical history. Study Design: Cross Sectional Study Place and Duration of the Study: The study was conducted on behalf of Help Age Pakistan. The data collection was done in various union councils of Rawalpindi city. The study duration was three months and lasted from Sep-2013 to Dec-2013. Materials and Methods: Structured questionnaire was developed to collect information on Older Persons' health, economic and psychological status. In this regard, an extensive questionnaire was designed and pre-tested vigorously. Questionnaires were filled by the graduates of PMAS-Arid Agriculture University. Results: The respondents who were single were mostly heart patients (n=14, 21.4%). The married respondents reported other diseases that included mental health, skin problems, paralysis, eye and hearing impairments and TB etc (n=704, 20.7%). Widows and widowers were in the third category with the same problems reported in second category (n=274, 20.1%). Results in the category of hypertension explain that elder peoples living in their own houses reported 9.1% hypertension, OPs living in rented houses suffering from hypertension were 10.3%, in case of hired residence percentage recorded was 0.0% and in the other category of living like living with relatives, friends or any other, 14.3% OPs were fighting with hypertension in their lives. Conclusion: The data reveal that OPs living single are likely to catch heart problems, the married OPs were suffering from mental illnesses, dermatological problems, paralysis as well as hearing and visual impairments. The results show that OPs living in their own houses were better off than the ones living in other mode of living. Rented houses reported high percentiles of hypertensions, heart problems, and diabetes.


Altic M.S.,Institute of Social science
Cartographic Journal | Year: 2015

In this paper, I present the results of an original research study that was based on the analysis of British charts of the Adriatic produced during and immediately after military operations undertaken by British forces and their allies against Napoleon in the Adriatic. I analyse the creation and production of British charts of the Adriatic from the first charting campaign of the Hydrographic Office of 1800–1801 to charts produced in the period of British rule over the island of Lissa of 1811–1815 to the first systematic hydrographic surveying of the Adriatic of 1817–1819 under the leadership of William Henry Smyth that resulted in the first hydrographic atlas and pilot book of the Adriatic. At the same time, the paper evaluates the British contribution to the creation of some of the first reliable nautical charts of the Adriatic and to the development of the nautical cartography of the Adriatic in general. © The British Cartographic Society 2015.


Ahmed A.,Association of Social Development | Chaudhry A.G.,PMAS AAU | Bhatti A.G.,Institute of Social science | Zeeshan M.,PMAS AAU | Dinar H.,PMAS AAU
Medical Forum Monthly | Year: 2014

Objective: The objective of present study was to investigate level of interdependence between prevalence of Ghutti and education of newborn's mothers. Study Design: Cross-sectional Place and Duration of the Study: This study was carried out at Village Khewayaali, Tehsil Wazirabad, District Gujranwala from Aug-2013 to Oct-2013. Materials and Methods: Data was collected while administrating a fully structured questionnaire. Tool was implemented with the help of women enumerator after improving the areas highlighted during the pre testing. A sample of 324 lactating women was randomly selected out of total population of lactating mothers. SPSS was used for data analysis. Results: As 95% of lactating women respondent of this research confirmed that they had given their child Ghutti prior to the breastfeed. But on the other side, 80% of the total respondents also confirmed that they had fed their child in first 04 hours after birth and did not waste the highly nutritive Colostrum. Whereas, comparison of mothers' education with the use of Ghutti delineated that the practice is equally common among illiterate and educated mothers both. Illiterate mothers were 21% of the total respondents and use of Ghutti was equally present in rest 79% educated mothers as well thus the practice was found among 100% respondents. Conclusion: Current study explored that education has no influence over this deeply rooted a cultural practices and norms. As mothers despite being educated and much aware with the benefits of breastfeed performed this tradition under the persuasions of adult relatives especially mother in law.


Altic M.S.,Institute of Social science
Cartographic Journal | Year: 2012

The paper presents the results of original research based on the comparative analysis of maps from the atlases of Abraham Ortelius, Jodocus and Henricus Hondius, Willem Blaeu, Jan Janssonius, Gerard and Cornelis de Jode, and Gerardus Mercator. We discover the sources that Dutch cartographers and publishers used for their cartographic representations of the above countries and the descriptions appearing on the reverse of these maps. In this regard, we devote special attention to the role played by Gerardus Mercator and his successors. In addition, we evaluate the significance of Dutch cartography in spreading knowledge about the geography and history of Southeastern Europe and, generally, its impact on the perception of the countries bordering the Ottoman Empire. © The British Cartographic Society 2012.


Altic M.S.,Institute of Social science
Cartographic Journal | Year: 2016

In this paper, we present the results of an original research study that was based on the analysis of British charts of the Adriatic produced during and immediately after military operations undertaken by British forces and their allies against Napoleon in the Adriatic. We analyse the creation and production of British charts of the Adriatic from the first charting campaign of the Hydrographic Office of 1800–1801 to charts produced in the period of British rule over the island of Lissa of 1811–1815 to the first systematic hydrographic surveying of the Adriatic of 1817–1819 under the leadership of William Henry Smyth that resulted in the first hydrographic atlas and pilot book of the Adriatic. At the same time, the paper evaluates the British contribution to the creation of some of the first reliable nautical charts of the Adriatic and to the development of the nautical cartography of the Adriatic in general. © The British Cartographic Society 2014


Lukic V.,Institute of Social science | Tosic B.,University of Belgrade
Acta Geographica Slovenica | Year: 2011

As one form of population mobility, daily commuting represents very complex phenomenon of the spatial separation of the place of work and the place of residence of the part of employed population. The paper deals with changes in scope, directions and structure of commuting flows in Serbia, as well as the interdependence of commuting with other demographic and socio-economic development processes. The comparison was made between the basic characteristics of commuting in Serbia and Slovenia and their catchment areas of employment attraction. The differences in methodology used in the census questionnaires referring to commuters in the last population censuses of Serbia and Slovenia in year 2002 were also discussed.


Altic M.S.,Institute of Social science
Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography | Year: 2016

The Paris Peace Conference was a turning point in European history, but also a milestone in the way maps were used in the reshaping of territory and in the forming of new states. Political, administrative, historical, linguistic, and ethnographic maps served as one of the basic sources of information in that process. The American Geographic Society Library (AGS) at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee holds maps that were actually sent to the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, and based on which decisions were made about the new states and their borders. These maps were used by President Woodrow Wilson and the American delegation in the creation of new states. That makes them some of the most important maps of the early twentieth century, giving to cartography a completely new dimension regarding diplomatic activities and foreign affairs. One of the most complex negotiation processes was certainly the creation of the state of the South Slavs—the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed Yugoslavia), which until then had never existed. In this paper we will present the maps used by the American delegation for shaping Yugoslavia’s borders. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.


The impact of youth prisons and other repressive measures is subject to public and scientific debates for years. The meaning of individual agency has, however, been largely neglected in the context of understanding processes of desistance among juvenile inmates. This text addresses differences in perceiving the institutional setting, interrelations with other inmates and the authorities as well as participation in educational training. Based on a larger study of qualitative, retrospective interviews in German youth prisons, three exemplary cases are presented illustrating different developments during incarceration. Overall, three cases document several obstacles and requirements that are supportive in the individual process of developing agency, rethinking prior behaviour and maintaining modified ways of behaviour. The three cases also provide some explanations why many young inmates maintain delinquent behaviour. © 2012 Copyright GAPS.

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