Institute of Schistosomiasis Control

Hugang, China

Institute of Schistosomiasis Control

Hugang, China
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Chen H.-G.,Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Parasitic Diseases | Xie S.-Y.,Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Parasitic Diseases | Zeng X.-J.,Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Parasitic Diseases | Huang X.-B.,Institute of Schistosomiasis Control | And 4 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control | Year: 2011

This paper reviewed the current endemic features and situation of schistosomiasis in lake and marshland regions in China, and discussed the comprehensive control strategy for schistosomiasis with emphasis on infectious sources control, including its theoretical basis, the reality conditions of implementation and technical composition, and also introduced the effectiveness of the pilot trails and their large-scale application as well as several issues in the implementation. The aim of the review is to accelerate the process of schistosomiasis control in lake and marshland regions and promote the achievement of mid- and long-term goals in national schistosomiasis control program.


Li S.-Z.,National Institute of Parasitic Diseases | Qian Y.-J.,National Institute of Parasitic Diseases | Yang K.,Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases | Wang Q.,National Institute of Parasitic Diseases | And 6 more authors.
Geospatial Health | Year: 2012

Schistosomiasis is one of the major public health problems in the People's Republic of China (and elsewhere), seriously threatening health as well as social and economic development. An integrated control strategy, emphasising transmission control but also aimed at reducing greenhouse gases, was carried out in Jiangling county, Hubei province from 2007 to 2009. Three villages were chosen for a pilot study involving removal of cattle from neighbouring, snail-infested grasslands, improving sanitation and construction of units for household biogas production in addition to routine control measures. Both prevalence and intensity of infection in the snails in the neighbourhood were greatly reduced after two years of implementation, while the prevalence of schistosomiasis in humans in the three villages had been reduced by 29%, 34% and 24%, respectively. The removal of cattle and construction of biogas production units had an additional positive effect in that the annual, average emission of greenhouse gases such as methane (CH 4) and carbon dioxide (CO 2) were reduced by an estimated 7.8 and 80.2 tons, respectively.


Xiong T.,Hubei University | Zhao Q.P.,Hubei University | Xu X.J.,Institute of Schistosomiasis Control | Liu R.,Hubei University | And 2 more authors.
Parasitology Research | Year: 2016

A preparation of niclosamide named 50 % wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (WPN), the only chemical molluscicide available in China, has been widely used for Oncomelania hupensis control over the past 20 years, but its molluscicidal mechanism has not been elucidated yet. Recently, a derivative of niclosamide, the salt of quinoid-2',5-dichloro-4'-nitro-salicylanilide (Liu Dai Shui Yang An, LDS), has been proven to have equivalent molluscicidal effects as WPN but with lower cost and significantly lower toxicity to fish than WPN. In our previous study, gene expression profiling of O. hupensis showed significantly effects after these two molluscicides had been applied. This study was designed to use morphological and enzymological analyses to further elucidate the mechanism by which these molluscicides cause snail death. After WPN or LDS treatment, the number of mitochondria of O. hupensis was reduced and their cristae appeared unclear, heterochromatin gathered to be polarized, ribosome numbers of the rough endoplasmic reticulums (rERs) decreased, myofilaments in muscle cells became disordered and loose, and cytoplasm in some liver cells was concentrated. Damage of cell structures and organelles suggested inhibited movement ability and effects on liver and energy metabolism following treatment. In parallel, activities of enzymes related with carbohydrate metabolism were inhibited except lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increased in muscle tissue, and activities of enzymes related with stress response increased followed by decreasing to lower levels than those of the H2O-treated group. This shift of carbohydrate metabolism patterns led to insufficient energy supply and lactic acid accumulation, and variations of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) during process of molluscicide treatment suggested a stress response of snail to the molluscicides at early stages and later fatal damage in liver and nervous system. In general, effects of WPN and LDS were similar although LDS-treated snails showed more serious damage in the liver and a stronger inhibition of enzymes related with aerobic respiration and stress response. This was consistent with the transcriptome profile obtained previously. However, considering enzyme activities at post-transcriptional and protein levels, comprehensive identification and annotation of potential enzyme-related genes and regulation pattern would be necessary to provide great benefit for understanding of potential mechanism of these molluscicides and even for future molluscicide development. © 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg


Zhao Q.P.,Wuhan University | Xiong T.,Wuhan University | Xu X.J.,Institute of Schistosomiasis Control | Jiang M.S.,Wuhan University | Dong H.F.,Wuhan University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

The freshwater snail Oncomelania hupensis is the only intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum, which causes schistosomiasis. This disease is endemic in the Far East, especially in mainland China. Because niclosamide is the only molluscicide recommended by the World Health Organization, 50% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (WPN), the only chemical molluscicide available in China, has been widely used as the main snail control method for over two decades. Recently, a novel molluscicide derived from niclosamide, the salt of quinoid-2',5-dichloro-4'-nitro-salicylanilide (Liu Dai Shui Yang An, LDS), has been developed and proven to have the same molluscicidal effect as WPN, with lower cost and significantly lower toxicity to fish than WPN. The mechanism by which these molluscicides cause snail death is not known. Here, we report the next-generation transcriptome sequencing of O. hupensis; 145,008,667 clean reads were generated and assembled into 254,286 unigenes. Using GO and KEGG databases, 14,860 unigenes were assigned GO annotations and 4,686 unigenes were mapped to 250 KEGG pathways. Many sequences involved in key processes associated with biological regulation and innate immunity have been identified. After the snails were exposed to LDS and WPN, 254 unigenes showed significant differential expression. These genes were shown to be involved in cell structure defects and the inhibition of neurohumoral transmission and energy metabolism, which may cause snail death. Gene expression patterns differed after exposure to LDS and WPN, and these differences must be elucidated by the identification and annotation of these unknown unigenes. We believe that this first large-scale transcriptome dataset for O. hupensis will provide an opportunity for the in-depth analysis of this biomedically important freshwater snail at the molecular level and accelerate studies of the O. hupensis genome. The data elucidating the molluscicidal mechanism will be of great benefit in future snail control efforts. © 2015 Zhao et al.


Yang R.,Wuhan University | Zhu Z.-H.,Wuhan University | Huang X.-B.,Institute of Schistosomiasis Control | Tan X.-D.,Wuhan University
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control | Year: 2012

Objective: To evaluate the performance of small Oncomelania snail control projects in Hubei Province in 2009 and 2010, so as to explore the best snail control project in different areas. Methods: The expense-effect, expense-efficiency and cost-utility analyses were carried out to analyze the small snail control projects with reference to the relevant schistosomiasis japonica prevention and control index system. Results: The coverage rate of snail control was 40.15%, the decrease rate of the snail areas was 32.86%, the unit cost for the snail control was 0.39 Yuan/m2, the cost of reducing 1% of the snail area was 67.34 ten thousand Yuan, the total benefit was 15 554.14 ten thousand Yuan, the ratio of cost to benefit was 7.03, the net benefit was 13 341.44 ten thousand Yuan, and the ratio of cost to net benefit was 6.03, and the investment ratio was 1:2.11 in the 183 small snail control projects. Conclusion: There is an obvious and respectable short-period effect of the small snail control projects.


Xiao H.,Wuhan University | Wei H.,Wuhan University | Yang G.-B.,Institute of Schistosomiasis Control | Peng H.-L.,Institute of Schistosomiasis Control | Zhang C.,Institute of Schistosomiasis Control
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control | Year: 2011

Objective: To observe the effects of paeoniflorin on the expressions of CTGF and PDGF in liver tissue of fibrosis and the serum level of TNF-α in mice infected with Schistosoma japonicum, and to explore the protective effect and its mechanisms of paeoniflorin on liver fibrosis. Methods: Kunming mice were divided randomly into 5 groups, namely normal control group (Group A), paeoniflorin groups (Group B, C, D) and infected control group (Group E). The mice in Group B-E were infected with cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum, and then they were treated with praziquantel (400 mg/kg per day) for 2 days after 6 weeks. After that, the mice in Group B, C, D were given paeoniflorin with a dose of 30, 60, 120 mg/ (kg·d), respectively. After 8 weeks of paeoniflorin treatment, all the mice were killed, and their livers and serum were obtained. Hematoxylin and eosin stain and Masson stain were used to observe the degree of hepatic fibrosis. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect the expressions of CTGF and PDGF in liver tissue. The serum level of TNF-α was detected by ELISA. Results: The expression levels of CTGF and PDGF proteins in liver tissue and the serum level of TNF-α of the mice in the high dosage paeoniflorin treatment group (Group D) were significantly lower than those in the infected control group (P<0.05). Conclusions: The effects of paeoniflorin on hepatic fibrosis induced by Schistosoma japonicum infection depends on its dosage. Paeoniflorin may exert its effects by inhibiting the serum level of TNF-α and down regulating the expression of CTGF and PDGF proteins.


PubMed | Hubei University and Institute of Schistosomiasis Control
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

The freshwater snail Oncomelania hupensis is the only intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum, which causes schistosomiasis. This disease is endemic in the Far East, especially in mainland China. Because niclosamide is the only molluscicide recommended by the World Health Organization, 50% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (WPN), the only chemical molluscicide available in China, has been widely used as the main snail control method for over two decades. Recently, a novel molluscicide derived from niclosamide, the salt of quinoid-2,5-dichloro-4-nitro-salicylanilide (Liu Dai Shui Yang An, LDS), has been developed and proven to have the same molluscicidal effect as WPN, with lower cost and significantly lower toxicity to fish than WPN. The mechanism by which these molluscicides cause snail death is not known. Here, we report the next-generation transcriptome sequencing of O. hupensis; 145,008,667 clean reads were generated and assembled into 254,286 unigenes. Using GO and KEGG databases, 14,860 unigenes were assigned GO annotations and 4,686 unigenes were mapped to 250 KEGG pathways. Many sequences involved in key processes associated with biological regulation and innate immunity have been identified. After the snails were exposed to LDS and WPN, 254 unigenes showed significant differential expression. These genes were shown to be involved in cell structure defects and the inhibition of neurohumoral transmission and energy metabolism, which may cause snail death. Gene expression patterns differed after exposure to LDS and WPN, and these differences must be elucidated by the identification and annotation of these unknown unigenes. We believe that this first large-scale transcriptome dataset for O. hupensis will provide an opportunity for the in-depth analysis of this biomedically important freshwater snail at the molecular level and accelerate studies of the O. hupensis genome. The data elucidating the molluscicidal mechanism will be of great benefit in future snail control efforts.


Lei J.-H.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Su B.-T.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Xu H.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Shen J.-L.,Anhui Medical University | And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2011

We have developed a novel egg yolk antibody (IgY)-coated magnetic beads antigen-capture immunoassay for detection of a circulating antigen of Schistosoma japonicum in serum samples of patients in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of China. This IgY-based immunomagnetic bead enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IgY-IMB-ELISA) uses polyclonal IgY-coated magnetic beads as a capture antibody, and a monoclonal IgG as a detection antibody. The sensitivity of the magnetic immunoassay was 100% (40 of 40) in cases of acute infection and 91.5% (107 of 117) in chronic cases of schistosomiasis, and no positive reaction was found in 0 of 49 healthy persons. Cross-reactivity was 3.3% (1 of 33) with clonorchiasis and 0% (0 of 20) with paragonimiasis. There was a significant correlation between ELISA absorbance value and egg count (eggs per gram feces) and a correlation coefficient of 0.88 in a small sample of 14 patients. The results demonstrated that the IgY-IMB-ELISA is a sensitive and specific assay for detection of human schistosomiasis japonica. Copyright © 2011 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.


PubMed | Sichuan Chemical Industry Research and Design Institute, Institute of Schistosomiasis Control and Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of environmental research and public health | Year: 2014

Oncomelania hupensis is the sole intermediate host snail of Schistosoma japonicum in China. Snail control by molluscicide remains one of the most effective measures of schistosomiasis japonica control. A 50% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (WPN) is widely used for snail control in China. However, WPN is costly and toxic to fish. A novel molluscicide named LDS, the salt of quinoid-2, 5-dichloro-4-nitrosalicylanilide from niclosamide, has been developed. To evaluate the effects of large-scale field application of LDS on field snail control, tests were conducted in 15 counties of Hubei Province, China. Active adult snails, were immersed in 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 g/m3 of 10% LDS, 1.0 g/m3 of 50% WPN was used as the molluscicide control, and then the mortality rates of snails were investigated after 1, 2, and 3 days. In addition, four active concentrations of 10% LDS (0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0 g/m2) were applied by spraying and powdering in the field. 1.0 g/m2 of 50% WPN was used as the molluscicide control, and then the mortality rates of snails were observed after 1, 3, and 7 days. The results indicated that 0.4 g/m3 LDS applied by the immersion or 0.6 g/m2 LDS applied by spraying and powdering achieved the same molluscicidal effect as that of WPN, regardless of exposure time. By using different methods, the snail mortality rates in the molluscicide groups were related to exposure time and concentration, respectively. LDS costs less than WPN; thus, LDS is suitable and applicable for use as a molluscicide in schistosomiasis japonica epidemic areas.


PubMed | Institute of Schistosomiasis Control
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhongguo xue xi chong bing fang zhi za zhi = Chinese journal of schistosomiasis control | Year: 2013

There were 39 996 cases of advanced schistosomiasis in Hubei Province, 2004-2011, and most of them were of ascites type. During the period of 8 years, the assistance rate was 97.14%, the cure rate was 14.54%, the mortality rate was 5.59%, and the newly increased rates and the mortality rates declined year by year.

Loading Institute of Schistosomiasis Control collaborators
Loading Institute of Schistosomiasis Control collaborators