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Singh S.,Institute of Respiratory Diseases
Lung India | Year: 2015

Trans-mediastinal herniation of lung is seen occasionally but herniation of bulla across the mediastinum is rare. We report two cases with trans-mediastinal herniation of bullae leading to an unusual line appearing near the mediastinum. We propose the name 'Semilunar sign'for this radiological sign because of its resemblance to the half-moon shape.

Zhang C.,Purdue University | Wu W.,Purdue University | Li X.,Purdue University | Tian C.,Purdue University | And 5 more authors.
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2012

Playing DNA Twister: By using asymmetric DNA building blocks, self-assembled DNA nanocages that are chiral on the nanoscale have been designed. The resulting DNA nanocages have been characterized with a variety of methods. Such chiral control could be useful for tuning the photonic/optical properties of DNA-templated nanostructures. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Li X.,Purdue University | Zhang C.,Purdue University | Hao C.,Purdue University | Tian C.,Purdue University | And 2 more authors.
ACS Nano | Year: 2012

This paper reports a strategy for DNA self-assembly. Cross-over-based DNA nanomotifs are held together by T-junctions instead of commonly used sticky-end cohesion. We have demonstrated this strategy by assembling a DNA tetrahedron, an octahedron, and an icosahedron. The resulting DNA polyhedra contain out-pointing, short DNA hairpin spikes. These hairpins are well-structured relative to the polyhedra core and provide potential locations for introduction of functional chemicals such as proteins and gold nanoparticles. The T-linked DNA polyhedra have been characterized by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, atomic force microscopy, and dynamic light scattering. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Lopez Varela M.V.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Montes De Oca M.,Central University of Venezuela | Halbert R.J.,University of California at Los Angeles | Muino A.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | And 7 more authors.
European Respiratory Journal | Year: 2010

There is evidence to suggest sex differences exists in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) clinical expression. We investigated sex differences in health status perception, dyspnoea and physical activity, and factors that explain these differences using an epidemiological sample of subjects with and without COPD. PLATINO is a cross-sectional, population-based study. We defined COPD as post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity ratio <0.70, and evaluated health status perception (Short Form (SF)-12 questionnaire) and dyspnoea (Medical Research Council scale). Among 5,314 subjects, 759 (362 females) had COPD and 4,555 (2,850 females) did not. In general, females reported more dyspnoea and physical limitation than males. 54% of females without COPD reported a dyspnoea score ≥2 versus 35% of males. A similar trend was observed in females with COPD (63% versus 44%). In the entire study population, female sex was a factor explaining dyspnoea (OR 1.60, 95%CI 1.40-1.84) and SF-12 physical score (OR -1.13, 95%CI -1.56- -0.71). 40% of females versus 28% of males without COPD reported their general health status as fair-to-poor. Females with COPD showed a similar trend (41% versus 34%). Distribution of COPD severity was similar between sexes, but currently smoking females had more severe COPD than currently smoking males. There are important sex differences in the impact that COPD has on the perception of dyspnoea, health status and physical activity limitation. Copyright©ERS 2010.

Tian C.,Purdue University | Zhang C.,Purdue University | Li X.,Purdue University | Li Y.,Purdue University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2012

This communication reports an engineered DNA architecture. It contains multiple domains of half-turn-long, standard B-DNA duplexes. While each helical domain is right-handed and its two component strands are antiparallel, the global architecture is left-handed and the two component DNA strands are oriented parallel to each other. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

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