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Barba M.,University Paris - Sud | Barba M.,University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 | Dutoit R.,Institute Of Recherches Microbiologiques J M Wiame Irmw | Legrain C.,Institute Of Recherches Microbiologiques J M Wiame Irmw | Labedan B.,University Paris - Sud
BMC Systems Biology

Background: Enzymes belonging to mechanistically diverse superfamilies often display similar catalytic mechanisms. We previously observed such an association in the case of the cyclic amidohydrolase superfamily whose members play a role in related steps of purine and pyrimidine metabolic pathways. To establish a possible link between enzyme homology and chemical similarity, we investigated further the neighbouring steps in the respective pathways.Results: We identified that successive reactions of the purine and pyrimidine pathways display similar chemistry. These mechanistically-related reactions are often catalyzed by homologous enzymes. Detection of series of similar catalysis made by succeeding enzyme families suggested some modularity in the architecture of the central metabolism. Accordingly, we introduce the concept of a reaction module to define at least two successive steps catalyzed by homologous enzymes in pathways alignable by similar chemical reactions. Applying such a concept allowed us to propose new function for misannotated paralogues. In particular, we discovered a putative ureidoglycine carbamoyltransferase (UGTCase) activity. Finally, we present experimental data supporting the conclusion that this UGTCase is likely to be involved in a new route in purine catabolism.Conclusions: Using the reaction module concept should be of great value. It will help us to trace how the primordial promiscuous enzymes were assembled progressively in functional modules, as the present pathways diverged from ancestral pathways to give birth to the present-day mechanistically diversified superfamilies. In addition, the concept allows the determination of the actual function of misannotated proteins. © 2013 Barba et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Kupper M.,RWTH Aachen | Bauvois C.,Institute Of Recherches Microbiologiques J M Wiame Irmw | Frere J.-M.,University of Liege | Hoffmann K.,RWTH Aachen | And 3 more authors.

The CphAII protein from the hyperthermophile Aquifex aeolicus shows the five conserved motifs of the metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) superfamily and presents 28% identity with the Aeromonas hydrophila subclass B2 CphA MBL. The gene encoding CphAII was amplified by PCR from the A. aeolicus genomic DNA and overexpressed in Escherichia coli using a pLex-based expression system. The recombinant CphAII protein was purified by a combination of heating (to denature E. coli proteins) and two steps of immobilized metal affinity chromatography. The purified enzyme preparation did not exhibit a β-lactamase activity but showed a metal-dependent phosphodiesterase activity versus bis-p-nitrophenyl phosphate and thymidine 5′-monophosphate p-nitrophenyl ester, with an optimum at 85°C. The circular dichroism spectrum was in agreement with the percentage of secondary structures characteristic of the MBL αββα fold. © 2011 Springer. Source

Vercheval L.,University of Liege | Bauvois C.,Institute Of Recherches Microbiologiques J M Wiame Irmw | Di Paolo A.,University of Liege | Borel F.,CNRS Institute of Pharmacology and Structural Biology | And 7 more authors.
Biochemical Journal

The activity of class D β-lactamases is dependent on Lys70 carboxylation in the active site. Structural, kinetic and affinity studies show that this post-translational modification can be affected by the presence of a poor substrate such as moxalactam but also by the V117T substitution. Val 117 is a strictly conserved hydrophobic residue located in the active site. In addition, inhibition of class D β-lactamases by chloride ions is due to a competition between the side chain carboxylate of the modified Lys 70 and chloride ions. Determination of the individual kinetic constants shows that the deacylation of the acyl-enzyme is the rate-limiting step for the wild-type OXA-10 β-lactamase. © The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Biochemical Society. Source

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