Vall Dhebron Institute Of Recerca Hospital Universitari Vall Dhebron

Lliçà de Vall, Spain

Vall Dhebron Institute Of Recerca Hospital Universitari Vall Dhebron

Lliçà de Vall, Spain
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Caro-Perez N.,University of Barcelona | Gregori J.,Vall Dhebron Institute Of Recerca Hospital Universitari Vall Dhebron | Gregori J.,Roche Holding AG | Quer J.,Vall Dhebron Institute Of Recerca Hospital Universitari Vall Dhebron | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Virology | Year: 2017

Background The incidence of acute hepatitis C (AHC) among HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) has increased significantly in the last 10 years. Several studies point to a social and sexual network of HIV-positive MSM that extends internationally. Objectives The aim of our study was to investigate the dynamics of HCV transmission in an outbreak of AHC in HIV-infected MSM in Barcelona by ultra-deep pyrosequencing. Study design Between 2008 and 2013, 113 cases of AHC in HIV-infected MSM were diagnosed in the Infectious Diseases Unit, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona. Massive sequencing was performed using the Roche 454 GS Junior platform. To define possible transmission networks, maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed, and levels of genetic diversity within and among patients were compared. Results Among the 70 cases analyzed, we have identified 16 potential clusters of transmission: 8 for genotype 1a (23 cases involved), 1 for genotype 1b (3 cases) and 7 for genotype 4d (27 cases). Although the initial phylogenetic reconstruction suggested a local transmission cluster of HCV gt4d, our approach based on low genetic differentiation did not corroborate it. Indeed, gt4d strains formed 4 independent groups related to patients from other countries. Conclusions Frequent clustering of HIV-positive MSM shows that HCV infection has spread through a local network in Barcelona. This outbreak is related to a large international HCV transmission network among MSM. Public health efforts are needed to reduce HCV transmission among this high-risk group. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

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