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Gutierrez-Garca G.,Pital Clnic | Colomo L.,Institute Of Recerca Biomdica August Pi I Sunyer | Villamor N.,Institute Of Recerca Biomdica August Pi I Sunyer | Arenillas L.,Pital Clnic | And 12 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2010

To study the main clinico-biological characteristics and the outcome of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) according to the primary site (nodal vs. extranodal), we included 262 patients consecutively diagnosed with DLBCL in a single institution, 5 years before and after immunochemotherapy was considered as the standard treatment. Altogether 116 patients received CHOP (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisone) and 146 rituximab plus CHOP (R-CHOP). The primary site was the lymph node in 140 patients (53), Waldeyer's ring (WR) in 22, gastrointestinal (GI) in 33, and other extranodal in 67. The addition of rituximab significantly improved the CR rate in nodal, but not in extranodal, lymphomas. Patients receiving R-CHOP showed higher OS than those treated with CHOP alone (5-year OS: 71 vs. 48). This difference was maintained in primary nodal (5-year OS: 69 vs. 37, p<0.0001), but was not observed in primary extranodal (75 vs. 65, p0.45) lymphomas. The IPI, treatment, and primary site were the main variables for OS in multivariate analysis. In nodal cases, IPI and treatment maintained value, whereas only IPI predicted OS in extranodal cases. In conclusion, immunochemotherapy treatment dramatically improved the outcome of patients with nodal DLBCL; however, its effect was less in primary extranodal cases, so the prognosis of patients with nodal and extranodal lymphomas has been equalized in the rituximab era. © 2010 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

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