Taruscio D.,National Institute of Health |
Vittozzi L.,National Institute of Health |
Choquet R.,Necker Enfants Malades Hospital |
Heimdal K.,University of Oslo |
And 9 more authors.
Public Health Genomics
The European Union (EU) policy for healthcare requires the establishment of a system of European Reference Networks, union-wide information databases, and registries for rare diseases (RDs) based on shared criteria. In pursuing its goals, the 'Building Consensus and Synergies for the EU Registration of RD Patients in Europe' (EPIRARE) project convened a meeting with experts of the competent health authorities to discuss the role of national institutional RD patient registries in supporting EU patient registration and the room for international cooperation. With this aim, this paper comparatively analyses the current situation of national institutional RD registries in the EU. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source
Lopez-Cacho J.M.,IIS Jimenez Diaz Foundation |
Gallardo S.,IIS Jimenez Diaz Foundation |
Posada M.,Institute of Rare Diseases Research |
Aguerri M.,IIS Jimenez Diaz Foundation |
And 8 more authors.
BioMed Research International
This study aimed to search the correlation among immunological profiles and clinical phenotypes of scleroderma in well-characterized groups of scleroderma patients, comparing forty-nine scleroderma patients stratified according to specific clinical phenotypes with forty-nine healthy controls. Five immunological cell subpopulations (B, CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells, NK, and monocytes) and their respective stages of apoptosis and activation were analyzed by flow cytometry, in samples of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Analyses of results were stratified according to disease stage, time since the diagnosis, and visceral damage (pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and cardiac affliction) and by time of treatment with corticosteroids. An increase in the percentages of monocytes and a decrease in the B cells were mainly related to the disease progression. A general apoptosis decrease was found in all phenotypes studied, except in localized scleroderma. An increase of B and NK cells activation was found in patients diagnosed more than 10 years ago. Specific cell populations like monocytes, NK, and B cells were associated with the type of affected organ. This study shows how, in a heterogeneous disease, proper patient's stratification according to clinical phenotypes allows finding specific cellular profiles. Our data may lead to improvements in the knowledge of prognosis factors and to aid in the analysis of future specific therapies. © 2014 José Manuel López-Cacho et al. Source
Bladen C.L.,Northumbria University |
Salgado D.,Aix - Marseille University |
Monges S.,Hospital de Pediatria J P Garrahan |
Foncuberta M.E.,Hospital de Pediatria J P Garrahan |
And 59 more authors.
Analyzing the type and frequency of patient-specific mutations that give rise to Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an invaluable tool for diagnostics, basic scientific research, trial planning, and improved clinical care. Locus-specific databases allow for the collection, organization, storage, and analysis of genetic variants of disease. Here, we describe the development and analysis of the TREAT-NMD DMD Global database (http://umd.be/TREAT_DMD/). We analyzed genetic data for 7,149 DMD mutations held within the database. A total of 5,682 large mutations were observed (80% of total mutations), of which 4,894 (86%) were deletions (1 exon or larger) and 784 (14%) were duplications (1 exon or larger). There were 1,445 small mutations (smaller than 1 exon, 20% of all mutations), of which 358 (25%) were small deletions and 132 (9%) small insertions and 199 (14%) affected the splice sites. Point mutations totalled 756 (52% of small mutations) with 726 (50%) nonsense mutations and 30 (2%) missense mutations. Finally, 22 (0.3%) mid-intronic mutations were observed. In addition, mutations were identified within the database that would potentially benefit from novel genetic therapies for DMD including stop codon read-through therapies (10% of total mutations) and exon skipping therapy (80% of deletions and 55% of total mutations). © 2015 The Authors. Source
Angelis A.,The London School of Economics and Political Science |
Kanavos P.,The London School of Economics and Political Science |
Lopez-Bastida J.,University of Castilla - La Mancha |
Linertova R.,Red de Investigacion en Servicios Sanitarios en Enfermedades Cronicas REDISSEC |
And 16 more authors.
European Journal of Health Economics
Background: The aim of this study was to determine the social/economic costs and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with epidermolysis bullosa (EB) in eight EU member states. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients with EB from Bulgaria, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Data on demographic characteristics, health resource utilisation, informal care, labour productivity losses, and HRQOL were collected from the questionnaires completed by patients or their caregivers. HRQOL was measured with the EuroQol 5-domain (EQ-5D) questionnaire. Results: A total of 204 patients completed the questionnaire. Average annual costs varied from country to country, and ranged from €9509 to €49,233 (reference year 2012). Estimated direct healthcare costs ranged from €419 to €10,688; direct non-healthcare costs ranged from €7449 to €37,451 and labour productivity losses ranged from €0 to €7259. The average annual cost per patient across all countries was estimated at €31,390, out of which €5646 accounted for direct health costs (18.0 %), €23,483 accounted for direct non-healthcare costs (74.8 %), and €2261 accounted for indirect costs (7.2 %). Costs were shown to vary across patients with different disability but also between children and adults. The mean EQ-5D score for adult EB patients was estimated at between 0.49 and 0.71 and the mean EQ-5D visual analogue scale score was estimated at between 62 and 77. Conclusion: In addition to its negative impact on patient HRQOL, our study indicates the substantial social/economic burden of EB in Europe, attributable mostly to high direct non-healthcare costs. © 2016, The Author(s). Source
Iskrov G.,Institute for Rare Diseases |
Iskrov G.,Medical university-Plovdiv |
Astigarraga I.,Hospital Universitario Cruces |
Stefanov R.,Institute for Rare Diseases |
And 18 more authors.
European Journal of Health Economics
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the economic burden from a societal perspective and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with histiocytosis in Europe. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients with histiocytosis from France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Bulgaria, the UK, and Sweden. Data on demographic characteristics, health resource utilisation, informal care, loss of labour productivity and HRQOL were collected from the questionnaires completed by patients or their caregivers. HRQOL was measured with the EuroQol 5-domain (EQ-5D) questionnaire. Results: A total of 134 patients (35 France, 32 Germany, 30 Italy, 24 Spain, 7 Bulgaria, 4 UK and 2 Sweden) completed the questionnaire. The average annual costs ranged from € 6832 to € 33,283 between countries, the year of reference being 2012. Estimated direct healthcare costs ranged from € 1698 to € 18,213; direct nonhealthcare costs ranged from € 2936 to € 17,622 and labour productivity losses ranged from € 1 to € 8855. The mean EQ-5D score for adult histiocytosis patients was estimated at between 0.32 and 0.85, and the mean EQ-5D visual analogue scale score was estimated at between 50.00 and 66.50. Conclusion: The main strengths of this study lie in our bottom-up approach to costing and in the evaluation of histiocytosis patients from a broad perspective (societal costs). This type of analysis is very scarce in international literature for rare diseases in comparison with other illnesses. We conclude that histiocytosis patients incur considerable societal costs and experience substantial deterioration in HRQOL. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source