Institute Of Quimica Teorica I Computacional Iqtc

Barcelona, Spain

Institute Of Quimica Teorica I Computacional Iqtc

Barcelona, Spain
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Yuste C.,University of Valencia | Ferrando-Soria J.,University of Valencia | Cangussu D.,University of Valencia | Fabelo O.,University of La Laguna | And 9 more authors.
Inorganica Chimica Acta | Year: 2010

A novel series of copper(II) complexes of formula [Cu(tren)(mpda)](ClO4)2 · 1/2H2O (1), [Cu2(tren)2(mpda)](ClO4)4 · 2H2O (2), and [Cu2(tren)2(ppda)](ClO4)4 · 2H2O (3) containing the tetradentate tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren) terminal ligand and the potentially bridging 1,n-phenylenediamine [n = 3 (mpda) and 4 (ppda)] ligand have been prepared and spectroscopically characterized. X-ray diffraction on single crystals of 1 and 3 show the presence of mono- (1) and dinuclear (3) copper(II) units where the mpda (1) and ppda (3) ligands adopt terminal monodentate (1) and bridging bis(monodentate) (3) coordination modes toward [Cu(tren)]2+ cations with an overall non-planar, orthogonal disposition of the phenylene group and the N-Cu-N threefold axis of the trigonal bipyramid of each copper(II) ion [values of the Cu-N-C-C torsion angle (φ{symbol}) in the range of 50.8(3)-79.2(2) (1) and 80.9(2)-86.5(2)° (3)]. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements on the dinuclear complexes 2 and 3 show the occurrence of moderate ferromagnetic (J = +8.3 cm-1, 2) and strong antiferromagnetic (J = -51.4 cm-1, 3) couplings between the two copper(II) ions across the meta- and para-phenylenediamine bridges, leading to S = 1 (2) and S = 0 (3) ground spin states [H = -JS1 · S2 with S1 = S2 = SCu = 1/2]. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations on the triplet (2) and broken-symmetry (BS) singlet (3) ground spin states, support the occurrence of a spin polarization mechanism for the propagation of the exchange interaction through the predominantly π-type orbital pathway of the 1,n-phenylenediamine bridge. Finally, a new magneto-structural correlation between the magnitude of the magnetic coupling (J) and the Cu-N-C-C torsion angle (φ{symbol}) has been found which reveals the role of σ- versus π-type orbital pathways in the modulation of the magnetic coupling for m- and p-phenylenediamine-bridged dicopper(II) complexes. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Ferrando-Soria J.,University of Valencia | Castellano M.,University of Valencia | Yuste C.,University of Valencia | Lloret F.,University of Valencia | And 7 more authors.
Inorganica Chimica Acta | Year: 2010

Two novel dinuclear copper(II) complexes of formulae [Cu2(tren)2(bpda)](ClO4)4 (2) and [Cu2(tren)2(tpda)](ClO4)4 (3) containing the tripodal tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren) terminal ligand and the 4,4′-biphenylenediamine (bpda) and 4,4″-p-terphenylenediamine (tpda) bridging ligands have been synthesized and structurally, spectroscopically, and magnetically characterized. Their experimentally available electronic spectroscopic and magnetic properties have been reasonably reproduced by DFT and TDDFT calculations. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of 2 shows the presence of dicopper(II) cations where the bpda bridging ligand adopts a bismonodentate coordination mode toward two [Cu(tren)]2+ units with an overall non-planar, orthogonal anti configuration of the N-Cu-N threefold axis of the trigonal bipyramidal CuII ions and the biphenylene group. The electronic absorption spectra of 2 and 3 in acetonitrile reveal the presence of four moderately weak d-d transitions characteristic of a slightly distorted trigonal bipyramid stereochemistry of the CuII ions. TDDFT calculations on 2 identify these transitions as those taking place between the four lower-lying, doubly occupied a2 (dyz)2, b2 (dxz)2, b1 (dxy)2, and a1 (dx2 - y2)2 orbitals and the upper, singly occupied a1 (dz2)1 orbital of each trigonal bipyramidal CuII ion. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements of 2 and 3 show the occurrence of moderate (J = -8.5 cm-1) to weak intramolecular antiferromagnetic couplings (J = -2.0 cm-1) [H = -JS1·S2 with S1 = S2 = SCu = 1/2] inspite of the relatively large copper-copper separation across the para-substituted biphenylene- (r = 12.3 Å) and terphenylenediamine (r = 16.4 Å) bridges, respectively. DFT calculations on 2 and 3 support the occurrence of a spin polarization mechanism for the propagation of the exchange interaction between the two unpaired electrons occupying the dz2 orbital of each trigonal bipyramidal CuII ion through the predominantly π-type orbital pathway of the oligo-p-phenylenediamine bridges, as reported earlier for the parent compound [Cu2(tren)2(ppda)](ClO4)4·2H2O (1) with the 1,4-phenylenediamine (ppda) bridging ligand. Finally, a rather slow exponential decay of the antiferromagnetic coupling (-J) with the number of phenylene repeat units, -(C6H4)n- (n = 1-3), has been found both experimentally and theoretically along this series of oligo-p-phenylenediamine-bridged dicopper(II) complexes. These results further support the ability of linear π-conjugated oligo-p-phenylene spacers to transmit the exchange interaction between the unpaired electrons of the two CuII centers with intermetallic distances in the range of 7.5-16.4 Å. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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