Kochubovski M.,Institute of Public Health of FYR Macedonia |
Kendrovski V.,Institute of Public Health of FYR Macedonia
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2012
The aim of the study was to find out potential causal relationship between ambient air pollution with PM10 and incidence rate of some diseases of the exposed population in Skopje. World Health Organisation in 'Health for All in the 21st Century', Goal 10 'Health and Safe Environment' has noted that until 2015, people in the region should live in healthier environment, related to exposure to pollutants that are dangerous for human health at levels which do not overcome internationally accepted standards. Action for ambient air pollution control is needed basically up to possible adverse health effects, especially on vulnerable groups of population. PM10 have been continuously monitored, 24 h, on 3 measuring sites in Skopje in 2010. From the health point of view has been evaluated the number of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) interventions of related diseases in Skopje in accordance with International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (WHO, Geneva, 1992). From the registered data could be concluded that during the period of investigation the number of cardio-vascular diseases (CVD) and of COPD has been higher in the first season compared to other three seasons in 2010 following the pattern of PM10 concentrations in the ambient air. There was significant relationship between average PM10 daily distribution and CVD.
Sapuric Z.,The American College |
Dimitrovski D.,University of Macedonia |
Dimitrovski M.,University of Macedonia |
Kochubovski M.,Institute of Public Health of FYR Macedonia
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2015
Waste generation is one of the biggest environmental problems. Contemporary waste management faces with a number of challenges. Waste generation in FYR Macedonia has been increasing permanently. It is not followed with the improvement of satisfactory quality of waste management. The most of all generated waste is disposed on the landflls. In Macedonia there are 55 landflls, but only one meets some European Union standards. Recycling is still on low level. The EU as community with a high level of environmental and waste management standards has been acting permanently to improve its regulation. This is a good example for the candidate states. FYR Macedonia, as a state with the candidate status, since 2005 has been making efforts to transpose the EU regulation into the national waste management regulation. It gives some positive results, but there are numerous problems with a practical implementation. In the future FYR Macedonia has to make more intensive efforts to improve the waste management regulations and standards. The aim of this paper is to analyse the Union regulation and its implementation in FYR Macedonia and to give some recommendations for the future activities.