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Uros S.,Biomedical Research and Innovative Society | Slavko D.,University of Ljubljana | Skafar A.C.,Gynaecology and Obstetrics Hospital Kranj | Grmek-Kosnik I.,Institute of Public Health Kranj | Stanic J.,Kosezi D.o.o.
2013 36th International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics, MIPRO 2013 - Proceedings

The objective to convert hospitals in EU regions to innovative type is of high priority for their economic growth, employment and wellbeing of EU citizens. The results presented in the paper were obtained in Gorenjska region through the implementation of the InTraMed C2C Central Europe project. The system approach consisted of identification of the state of the art in innovation at each of the involved hospitals, SWOT analysis, seminars and workshops related to innovation process and culture. Among large spectrum of ideas gathered at these events the managers of hospitals agreed that first priority should be given to most needed biomedical engineering (BME) prototypes, which were supported also by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) business interest. Finally, through open innovation approach five ideas were selected for development of prototypes and later testing. Some of these selected BME ideas will be presented in the paper. © 2013 MIPRO. Source

Petrisic M.G.,Jozef Stefan Institute | Petrisic M.G.,Jozef Stefan International Postgraduate School | Muri G.,Institute of Public Health Kranj | Ogrinc N.,Jozef Stefan Institute | Ogrinc N.,Jozef Stefan International Postgraduate School
Environmental Science and Technology

A combination of molecular and stable isotope analyses was used to trace and identify the sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in sediments of Lake Bled (NW Slovenia). Sediment samples were taken from two locations with contrasting depositional regimes: Zaka Bay, with permanently oxic bottom and station D, where anoxic conditions prevail throughout the year. The concentrations of PAH in surface sediments at the two locations were comparable and higher than in previous studies, reaching 4230 and 4380 ng g-1, respectively. It was found that retene (Re) and perylene (Per) are both mainly of natural origin in Zaka Bay while, at station D, the value of δ13C determined at a depth of 12-14 cm in the 1950s indicated that Re was of pyrolytic origin. The distribution of δ13C values of other individual PAH showed that PAH input to lake sediments was of pyrolytic origin, likely dominated by coal and later in 1950s also by wood burning. PAH from vehicular emissions could also contribute to the overall isotope signatures at the depth of 12-14 cm at station D and Zaka Bay corresponding to the period 1953-1961. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

Muri G.,Slovenian Environment Agency | Muri G.,Institute of Public Health Kranj | Cermelj B.,Slovenian National Institute of Biology | Jacimovic R.,Jozef Stefan Institute | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Paleolimnology

Several geological and geochemical parameters were determined in the sediments of the 5th (5 J) and 6th (6 J) Triglav Lakes, Julian Alps (NW Slovenia), in order to study the impact of natural catchment characteristics and anthropogenic activity. Fish were introduced into both lakes in 1991 and a mountain hut lies on the shore of 5 J. Sedimentary grain size (GS) was distinctly coarser in 5 J than 6 J, with arithmetic means ranging between 46 and 60 and 23-36 μm, respectively. In contrast, the mineralogical composition of the two sediments was similar. Calcite predominated strongly, comprising more than 77 % of total minerals, while dolomite and quartz were rare. Organic carbon (OC) and total nitrogen (TN) concentrations were highest in surficial sediments, with levels of 14.4 and 1.8 %, and 19.3 and 2.4 % observed in 5 J and 6 J, respectively. C/N ratios (atomic) were lowest in the same surface sediments, with the two lakes characterized by similar values (9.6 vs. 9.4, respectively), suggesting a predominance of autochthonous organic matter (OM) in both lakes. Contemporary δ13C values were lower in 5 J (-21.0 ‰) than 6 J (-18.5 ‰) sediments. Considerable changes in these four parameters were observed in recently deposited material, reflecting a shift in the trophic status of both lakes that was likely induced by the introduction of fish. In addition, the smaller and shallower 6 J seemed to respond to changes faster than the larger and deeper 5 J, indicating the higher sensitivity of the former. δ15N values in surface sediments of 5 J and 6 J were -2.9 and -4.4 ‰, respectively, with levels increasing gradually with depth to approximately +1.0 ‰ in deeper sediments. The observed changes could most likely be attributed to the atmospheric deposition of reactive nitrogen. The mountain hut has seemingly not had a significant enough impact on the lakes to be recorded in their sediments. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Pate M.,University of Ljubljana | Micunovic J.,University of Ljubljana | Bole-Hribovsek V.,University of Ljubljana | Biasizzo M.,University of Ljubljana | And 6 more authors.
Slovenian Veterinary Research

Salmonella is an important zoonotic pathogen in animals and humans. In the European Union, Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Enteritidis (serovar Enteritidis) is one of the serovars most frequently associated with human illness. The most important food vehicles responsible for the infection are eggs and egg products. We describe two serovar Enteritidis outbreaks on account of consumption of contaminated eggs. The first outbreak due to vanilla cream served as dessert in a restaurant involved 36 persons. As the eggs used in preparing the vanilla cream were no longer available for examination, an indirect epidemiological link between the infected laying hen flock and humans was demonstrated by testing the faeces and dust samples from the relevant laying hen flock. In the second outbreak, two persons developed a severe form of salmonellosis after having consumed fried eggs. A sample of eggs taken from the same laying hen flock as the eggs consumed by the two patients tested positive for serovar Enteritidis. Isolates from both the outbreaks were subjected to molecular typing for the assessment of genetic relatedness. Pulsedfield gel electrophoresis (PFGE) revealed that the profiles of the majority of isolates from the same outbreak were indistinguishable and should therefore be considered to represent the same strain. This is the first molecular epidemiological investigation of serovar Enteritidis outbreaks in Slovenia that involved the public health and veterinary authorities and as such set a good example of collaboration of different national services. Source

Kosnik I.G.,Institute of Public Health Kranj | Lah A.K.,Institute of Public Health Kranj

Slovenia is one of the countries with the highest incidence of thick-borne encephalitis (TBE) (13.5/100,000) and has one of the lowest immunisation rates (3.1%). Gorenjska (approximately 10% Slovene inhabitants) is a region of Slovenia with the highest incidence (30/100,000). The Institute of Public Health Kranj in collaboration with Lions club Brnik and mayors of the municipalities initiated a campaign aimed to improve the vaccination rate. By obtaining funds that covered the expenses for the vaccination team we managed to reduce the price of vaccination by 30%. The vaccination events were held on Saturdays in primary schools of the towns/villages with the highest TBE incidence. Over the course of the 12 events, 5599 doses were injected. Most of people (92%) were vaccinated for the first time with two doses. In addition, we offered free-of-charge vaccinations for 850 children from socially underprivileged families. The charity project added a significant increase to the number of protected persons. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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